As long as there have been Christmas trees, there have been Christmas tree fires.
No matter the decade, there are horrific stories. In 1858, six buildings burned and three were totally destroyed in New York’s Bowery neighborhood by “Christmas trees having taken fire.” Half a century later, in 1931, the paper told of a woman trying to throw a “blazing Christmas tree” out of her apartment window in Queens. Two decades after that, in 1951, a Christmas tree fire in Tijuana, Mexico, killed 34 people.
By 1930, the Times marveled that “the Christmas tree with the old-fashioned candles … the worst fire menace of Yuletide,” had caused only one fire in the city on Christmas Day.
To combat these Christmastide conflagrations, Americans have turned to technology. Electric tree lights, invented in the late 19th century, are probably the biggest success on this front. They eliminated, or at least greatly reduced, open-flames-on-a-tree from the holiday.
But there’s another, lesser-known invention aimed at the same problem: the Christmas tree fire extinguisher.
Make that inventions, plural. The U.S. Patent Office records multiple inventors who tried inserting a fire extinguisher in a Christmas tree. Many of them follow similar patterns. In 1947, Leonard Deyo proposed running a tube of fluid up a tree’s trunk and putting the dispenser at the top—in other words, replacing the star with a star-shaped sprayer.