Imagining a futuristic world can help us tease out the relationship between culture and technology.
One of the best ways to think about the future is to create something to think with -- such as a machine, a scenario, or a story. There are people who do this for a living: futurists, for instance, and writers of speculative fiction (sf). The Canadian sf writer Karl Schroeder is both, and his 2005 novel Lady of Mazes is one of my favorite structures for thinking through the ways technology and culture build each other.
Lady of Mazes is set in a coronal, an enormous built ringworld, inside which civilizations flourish. Using a combination of neural implants and AI, inhabitants live in separate "manifolds," physically overlapping societies limned by their values and use of technology. Manifold boundaries are enforced by the use of "tech locks" that prevent inhabitants from using technology that doesn't line up with the social values of their particular manifolds. They even keep inhabitants from seeing incompatible societies that might share the same physical space.
Livia Kodaly, a professional singer, lives in a manifold called Westerhaven that is relatively high-tech and is dedicated to understanding other cultures. But, as a child, Livia suffered an incident her peers consider unspeakable: After an airship crash, she was exposed to a life without the augmented alternative reality of "inscape," without helpful agents and angels, without the company of virtual animas of her friends, alone in the physical world. This experience has both scarred her and helped her become a good diplomat, helped her learn how to travel between manifolds by suspending her own values, by holding deep respect for others' values. The neoanimist manifold called Raven overlaps Westerhaven and she is able to recalibrate her vision to see the forest world that occupies the same space as the bright city of libraries, duels, and ballrooms.