The startup lore says that many companies were founded in garages, attics, and warehouses. Once word got around, companies started copying the formula. They stuck stylized cube farms into faux warehouses and figured that would work. The coolness of these operations would help them look cool and retain employees. Keep scaling that idea up and you get Apple's ultrahip mega headquarters, which is part spaceship and part Apple Store.
But as Stewart Brand argued in his pathbreaking essay, "'Nobody Cares What You Do in There': The Low Road," it's not hip buildings that foster creativity but crappy ones.
"Low Road buildings are low-visibility, low-rent, no-style, high-turnover," Brand wrote. "Most of the world's work is done in Low Road buildings, and even in rich societies the most inventive creativity, especially youthful creativity, will be found in Low Road buildings taking full advantage of the license to try things."
Brand's essay originally appeared in his book, How Buildings Learn, and has just been re-released as part of The Innovator's Cookbook, a new Steven Johnson-edited tome of great essays about inventing stuff. It couldn't come at a better time. The aesthetic of innovation now dominates the startup scene, but it's like the skeleton of a long-dead invention beast. The point of a Low Road building isn't that it looks any particular way but rather that you could do anything with and in them. "It has to do with freedom," as Brand put it.