BP's 'Static Kill' and 'Bottom Kill' Explained

A closer look at BP's final fix

This article is from the archive of our partner .

Today, BP engineers are starting a two-pronged procedure that they hope will kill the temporarily-capped oil well in the Gulf once and for all. The first stage is called "static kill" and will be followed by a "bottom kill" procedure. Here are video and print reports explaining the process:

  • What's Top Kill?  Megan Friedman at Time explains: "The first part, called a 'static kill,' includes pouring cement from above into the well. Then comes the 'bottom kill,' when engineers will put mud and cement into the well's bottom through a relief well, a process that could take up to seven days. A temporary cap is all that is currently keeping oil contained, and it has worked for two weeks. Officials expect to complete this last effort by the end of August." CNN offers this video explanation:

  • What's Bottom Kill? Mark Sappenfieldat Christian Science Monitor explains: "The primary relief well is now poised about 100 feet from the bottom of the Macondo well. Shortly after static kill is completed, drillers will begin the difficult process of trying to punch a hole in the Macondo well. In the past on other blown-out wells, this has often taken several attempts since drillers can’t see 13,000 feet beneath the sea floor to where the well is. Instead, they must infer the location of the Macondo well and the correct intercept angle needed from a variety of data."

  • Then It's Cleanup Time, writes Connie Madon at Blogging Stocks: "Let's hope that this will be the beginning of the end of the BP Gulf oil spill. What is next is the cleanup phase. How long this will take is unknown. The cost is also unknown. BP has set aside a slush fund of $20 billion for cleanup. Whether it will exceed this amount remains to be seen."

  • More Concerns Over Dispersants, reports MSNBC:

This article is from the archive of our partner The Wire.