Now that BP has at least temporarily stopped oil from flowing into the Gulf of Mexico for the first time since April 20, we want to take a step back and take stock of the situation.
First, the well blowout has been a disaster for the Gulf of Mexico, BP, and the Obama Administration. Even if the early good news about the new well cap turns out to be a harbinger of resolution, much damage has already been done. To review, here are five key stories for understanding what really happened -- and what still might.
"The Spill, The Scandal, and the President" by Tim Dickinson in Rolling Stone
"Instead of cracking down on MMS, as he had vowed to do even before taking office, Obama left in place many of the top officials who oversaw the agency's culture of corruption. He permitted it to rubber-stamp dangerous drilling operations by BP - a firm with the worst safety record of any oil company - with virtually no environmental safeguards, using industry-friendly regulations drafted during the Bush years. He calibrated his response to the Gulf spill based on flawed and misleading estimates from BP - and then deployed his top aides to lowball the flow rate at a laughable 5,000 barrels a day, long after the best science made clear this catastrophe would eclipse the Exxon Valdez."
"Gulf Oil Spill: Could It Change Obama's Energy Policy" by Bryan Walsh in TIME
"If the oil spill should influence energy policy going forward, comprehensive climate and energy legislation -- already a dim hope -- might end up as one more casualty of the accident."
"Historian: It's too soon to expect large-scale responses to the Gulf leak" an interview with eminent environmental historian Adam Rome in Grist
"The Santa Barbara oil spill happened in January 1969. Right away, people were appalled. In Santa Barbara itself, the spill brought together people who had never been allied before -- countercultural students and very wealthy Republicans alike were shocked. But still, it took a long time for it to lead to something more than just "we might need more regulation on offshore oil," and more than just preventing that one specific thing from occurring again."
"Legacy of an Oil Spill: 20 Years After Exxon Valdez" a PDF report by the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Trustee Council
"Visitors to Prince William Sound and the North Gulf Coast of Alaska today again experience spectacular scenery and abundant wildlife and see little evidence of the spill. Yet the area has not fully recovered. In some areas, Exxon Valdez oil still remains and is toxic. Some injured species have yet to recover to pre-spill levels. This long-term damage was not expected at the time of the spill and was only just starting to be recognized in 1999, at the 10th anniversary."