Some of his pensees:
If you show an American an image of a fish tank, the American will usually describe the biggest fish in the tank and what it is doing. If you ask a Chinese person to describe a fish tank, the Chinese will usually describe the context in which the fish swim.
These sorts of experiments have been done over and over again, and the results reveal the same underlying pattern. Americans usually see individuals; Chinese and other Asians see contexts.
This is the kind of thing you can say only if you have not the slightest inkling of how completely different a billion-plus people can be from one another. Beijingers from Shanghainese, Guangdong entrepreneurs from farmers in Sichuan, Tibetans from Taiwanese, people who remember the Cultural Revolution from those who don't, people who remember the famines of the Great Leap Forward from people who've always had enough. The guy across the street from his brother. His daughter from his wife. People hanging on in big state enterprises from those starting small firms. People who stayed in the villages from those who came to the city for jobs. Christians from Buddhists. Hu Jintao from Jiang Zemin, Olympic weightlifters from Olympic tennis players, Yao Ming from Liu Xiang, Wen Jiabao from Edison Chen -- and while we're at it, Filipinos from Koreans, Japanese from Chinese, Malaysian Chinese from Malaysian Malays. Lee Kuan Yew from Kim Jong Il. People from Jakarta from people in Seoul. Hey, they're all "Asians".
Yes, obviously, different cultures have different emphases. I think
that American culture has one of the strongest imprints of all,
especially with its myths -- by which I mean ideals rather than
falsehoods -- that people from any culture can be absorbed, and that
anyone can become anything. Chinese culture, given its history, allows a
much bigger role to fate -- and to "eating bitterness" stoicism, and to good omens and auspiciousness, and of
course to family ties.
But the very most obvious thing about today's China is how internally varied and contradictory it is, how many opposite things various of its people want, how likely-to-be-false any generalization is. Anyone who can look at today's China and not see the powerful individual personalities and traits and dramas is someone more interested in fitting a theory to the current place he is passing through than in learning about that place.
And as for this part, about the Olympic opening ceremony:
>>The ceremony drew from China's long history, but surely the most striking features were the images of thousands of Chinese moving as one -- drumming as one, dancing as one, sprinting on precise formations without ever stumbling or colliding. We've seen displays of mass conformity before, but this was collectivism of the present -- a high-tech vision of the harmonious society performed in the context of China's miraculous growth.<<
The spectacle was indeed impressive! But many of those people
"moving as one" were (as has been widely reported) from the PLA -- soldiers,
for the event. Hmm, I wonder how that affects the theory. An author
passing through Washington DC could, by this logic, just as easily find
the the very impressive coordinated drill of the Friday Evening Parades
at the Marine Corps Barracks as evidence of America's "collectivism of
the present" and its harmonious nature. But don't get me started.
Take a little time and look around, David. The parts that don't fit what you theorized before arriving are actually the most stimulating.
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