Those began right at the top.
Trump heralded the military might of America’s past, recalling the defeat of the Nazis and the Japanese in World War II and its victory over Soviet Communism in the Cold War. Yet for the “major and overriding theme” of his foreign policy, Trump chose “America First”—a slogan made famous by the aviator Charles Lindbergh and other opponents of U.S. intervention in World War II.
Trump later elaborated on his criticism of NATO, saying that U.S. allies “are not paying their fair share.”
The countries we are defending must pay for the cost of this defense—and, if not, the U.S. must be prepared to let these countries defend themselves.
In the next breath, however, Trump said that under President Obama’s leadership, “our friends are beginning to think they can’t depend on us.”
“We’ve picked fights with our oldest allies, and now they’re beginning to look elsewhere for help,” Trump said in a reference to Israel, mere seconds after he seemed to pick his own fight with U.S. allies in NATO. He listed a series of “humiliations” the nation had suffered because of Obama, beginning with the president’s ill-fated 2009 trip to Copenhagen in a failed, last-ditch effort to win the Olympics for Chicago. He repeated his long-running critique of the administration’s nuclear deal with Iran and bemoaned the fact that when Obama landed in Cuba for his historic visit earlier this year, there was no Cuban leader there to greet him as he departed Air Force One. “If President Obama’s goal had been to weaken America,” Trump said, “he could not have done a better job.”
On the whole, Trump’s address was long on vision and short on details—in that sense, it was not all that different from most candidate speeches. The lack of specifics, he suggested, was intentional. “We have to be unpredictable, and we have to be unpredictable starting now,” Trump said. He pledged to defeat ISIS both militarily and philosophically, but don’t ask him how. “I have a simple message for them,” Trump warned. “Their days are numbered. I won’t tell them where and I won’t tell them how.” He then pledged to rebuild the “depleted” military. How much would he spend? “Whatever is needed.”
In other ways, Trump’s address edged him closer to the mainstream of American foreign policy. His pronouncements on the use of military force, for example, could have been uttered verbatim by any recent president. “I will not hesitate to deploy military force when there is no alternative,” he said. “But if America fights, it must fight to win. I will never send our finest into battle unless necessary—and will only do so if we have a plan for victory.
“Our goal,” Trump continued, “is peace and prosperity, not war and destruction.”
The ritual mocking of Trump from the Beltway establishment began before his speech even ended. “Not sure who is advising Trump on foreign policy but I can understand why he’s not revealing their names,” tweeted Senator Lindsey Graham, Trump’s onetime rival and erstwhile troll. He continued:
Josh Earnest, the White House press secretary, picked up on Trump’s mispronunciation of Tanzania—he called it Tan-ZAY-nia. “Apparently the phonetics are not included with the TelePrompter,” Earnest said. Hillary Clinton’s campaign took the speech more seriously, deploying former Secretary of State Madeleine Albright and Senator Tim Kaine to respond in a conference call with reporters later Wednesday afternoon.