The Supreme Court is expected to release a decision on King v. Burwell by the end of the month, and that decision will impact the future of Obamacare.
While the case has dominated the thoughts of lawmakers, Court watchers, and health journalists, about seven in 10 Americans have heard only a little or nothing at all about case thus far. Only 13 percent have heard a lot about it, according to the Kaiser Family Foundation. And even for those closely watching the case, the details can be confusing, which is why National Journal has laid them out here.
Who is the plaintiff?
The case is brought by conservative opponents of the law. Specifically, the plaintiffs are David M. King and three other challengers, all of whom are Virginia residents.
Who is the defendant?
The Obama administration. Top administration officials, including Health and Human Services Secretary Sylvia Mathews Burwell, are listed as defendants because the lawsuit challenges an IRS rule that their agencies helped create and implement.
Wait—I thought the Supreme Court already said Obamacare is constitutional.
The case here isn't about the law in general, it's about the specific question of whether tax credits, or subsidies, offered on federally-established exchanges are legal under Obamacare. The law allowed states to establish their own insurance exchanges or to let the federal government do it for them using the HealthCare.gov exchange.