In 2005, a CIA psychologist deemed al-Nashiri to be on the "verge of a breakdown."
Name: Ramzi Bin al-ShibhCurrent location: Guantánamo Bay.Reason for detainment: Thought to be a key operative of 9/11.Treatment received: After interrogators found al-Shibh "'cowering in the corner, shivering' when the light in his cell burned out," they began to use that weakness against him. To "heighten his sense of fear," they shackled al-Shibh's hands and feet while he stood "'with hands over his head, naked, in total darkness.'"
A key feature of al-Shibh's proposed interrogation plan was "sensory dislocation." That included "exposing him to loud noise in a white room with white lights." To wear him down before he had a chance to cooperate, the plan directed that al-Shibh "be shackled nude with his arms overhead in a cold room before any discussion with interrogators or any assessment of his level of cooperation." The questioning would begin after his "'initial resistance level [had] been diminished by the conditions.'" The plan also stated that other enhanced-interrogation techniques be used "appropriate to [bin al-Shibh's] level of resistance," including "attention grasp, walling, the facial hold, the facial slap ... the abdominal slap, cramped confinement, wall standing, stress positions, sleep deprivation beyond 72 hours, and the water board."
Though al-Shibh "was previously a relatively high-functioning individual," these techniques brought on an "onset of psychological problems," according to CIA assessments. His anxiety and social isolation for as long as two and a half years led to "visions, paranoia, insomnia, and attempts at self-harm." A CIA psychologist suggested that "'significant alterations" be made to his detention environment "to prevent further and more serious psychological disturbance." When he was transferred to Guantánamo Bay, he was put on "anti-psychotic medications."
Name: Asadallah (aka Muhammad Umar 'Abd al-Rahman)Current location: Unknown.Reason for detainment: Unknown.Treatment received: "Interrogators used water dousing, nudity, and cramped confinement on Asadallah without having sought or received authorization from CIA Headquarters ... the application of 'bathing' in the case of Asadallah was done punitively and was used as an interrogation technique."
Asadallah was also "left in the standing sleep -deprivation position despite a sprained ankle. Later, when Asadallah was placed in stress positions on his knees, he complained of discomfort and asked to sit. Asadallah was told he could not sit unless he answered questions truthfully." Asadallah "was also placed in a 'small isolation box' for 30 minutes, without authorization and without discussion of how the technique would affect his ankle."
Name: Mustafa al-HawsawiCurrent location: Guantánamo Bay.Reason for detainment: Thought to be a key organizer and financier of 9/11.Treatment received: CIA records indicate that after al-Hawsawi was subjected to rectal feeding and rehydration, he was "later diagnosed with chronic hemorrhoids, an anal fissure, and symptomatic rectal prolapse."