The Senate report on the CIA's interrogation efforts released Tuesday includes a detailed description of the CIA detention and interrogation of Khalid Shaikh Mohammed, the mastermind of the 9/11 terror attacks.
After Mohammed was captured on March 1, 2003, he was interrogated in Pakistani custody, where the most coercive technique he experienced was sleep deprivation. Soon, he was transferred to a CIA-operated base in an undisclosed location. Before Mohammed arrived, the chief interrogator at the site had already gotten the green light from CIA headquarters to use "enhanced interrogation techniques," and was not required to use noncoercive tactics first.
Interrogators began using the enhanced practices within "a few minutes" of starting to question Mohammed. These included "facial and abdominal slaps, the facial grab, stress positions, standing sleep deprivation (with his hands at or above head level), nudity, and water dousing." The chief interrogator also ordered that Mohammed be subjected to rectal rehydration (a method where liquids are forced into the detainee via the anus) without determining whether the operation was medically necessary, a move which the chief later said demonstrated his "total control over the detainee."