The smoke stacks at American Electric Power's (AEP) Mountaineer coal power plant in New Haven, West Virginia, October 30, 2009. In cooperation with AEP, the French company Alstom unveiled the world's largest carbon capture facility at a coal plant, so called 'clean coal,' which will store around 100,000 metric tonnes of carbon dioxide a year 2.1 kilometers (7,200 feet) underground. National Journal

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The $1 trillion federal spending bill that lawmakers unveiled Monday night would soften an Obama administration climate-change policy that greatly restricts U.S. support for coal-plant construction in developing nations.

The omnibus appropriations bill waters down, during the rest of fiscal 2014, an Export-Import Bank policy that largely prevents support for building overseas coal plants that don't trap carbon-dioxide emissions.

The language, according to House Appropriations Committee Republicans, also restricts an Overseas Private Investment Corporation policy that limits support for coal-plant construction.

The bill text says the climate policies may not be enforced during fiscal 2014 if they prevent access to power in very poor nations or prevent increased exports of U.S. goods and services.

The bill also targets a policy to phase out inefficient light bulbs in the U.S. that was contained in a bipartisan 2007 energy law but has since fallen out of favor with conservatives.

But while the bill technically blocks Energy Department enforcement of the rules, manufacturers have already been phasing out the inefficient incandescent bulbs.

A summary of the massive spending bill circulated by House Appropriations Committee Democrats said Republicans had sought to go much further in attacking environmental regulations.

Their summary notes that the bill, which would fund the government through Sept. 30, omits "egregious" GOP policy riders aimed at preventing regulation of greenhouse gases from power plants and blocking the expansion of Clean Water Act protections.

This article is from the archive of our partner National Journal.

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