A report by the Urban Institute spells it out: "We are a less segregated country than we were 10 years ago," but it "is also troubling that metros with large populations, and large black populations, aren't seeing that progress. New York, Chicago, and Philadelphia are all hardly more integrated than they were 40 years ago." (The Atlantic Cities has an authoritative series on the topic that is worth checking out.)
If segregation is still real, the negative consequences of it are as well. One of those consequences is the disparity when it comes to health care between blacks and whites. The fact that black patients have poorer outcomes in surgery has been well documented. One study conducted in the '90s found that black patients had higher mortality in seven out of eight procedures surveyed. But why is that so? At the time, the researchers suggested that the black patients were admitted to hospitals that had higher mortality rates to begin with.
Recently, researchers at the University of Michigan sought a more-rounded answer to the problem. Their results, published in the journal Health Affairs, highlights a frustrating contradiction.