Jane Mayer's article on the invention of the voter-fraud myth is required reading as we go into the last day's of the election. Mayer zeroes in on Hans von Spakovsky, a legal fellow at the Heritage Foundation who has been instrumental in turning gossamer, rumor and myth into state-level election law:
Von Spakovsky offered me the names of two experts who, he said, would confirm that voter-impersonation fraud posed a significant peril: Robert Pastor, the director of the Center for Democracy and Election Management, at American University, and Larry Sabato, a political-science professor at the University of Virginia. Pastor, von Spakovsky noted, had spoken to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights about being a victim of election fraud: voting in Georgia, he discovered that someone else had already voted under his name. When I reached Pastor, he clarified what had happened to him. "I think they just mistakenly checked my name when my son voted -- it was just a mistake."He added, "I don't think that voter-impersonation fraud is a serious problem." Pastor believes that, compared with other democracies, America is "somewhere near the bottom in election administration," and thinks that voter I.D.s make sense -- but only if they are free and easily available to all, which, he points out, is not what Republican legislatures have proposed. Sabato, who supports the use of voter I.D.s under the same basic conditions, says of the voter-impersonation question, "One fraudulent vote is one too many, but my sense is that it's relatively rare today."