California and Texas claim six of the top 10 metropolitan areas with the largest concentration of Hispanics, according to an analysis of 2010 American Community Survey data by the Pew Hispanic Center, which also found that nearly half of the entire U.S. Hispanic population lives in those 10 regions alone.
The Los Angeles metropolitan region claims the top spot with 11 percent of the total U.S. Hispanic population. Its 5.7 million Hispanic residents make up 44.5 percent of the area's population, the Pew analysis found.
New York, Houston, Riverside, Calif., and Chicago round out the top five metro areas with the largest Hispanic populations.
Considering the concentration of Hispanic residents in each metropolitan area, just two boast populations of more than 90 percent. In Laredo, Texas, 96 percent of its residents are Hispanic; it has the 36th largest population of Hispanics overall. The McAllen-Edinburg-Pharr-Mission metropolitan area in southern Texas is 91 percent Hispanic, and has the 13th largest population overall.
While the makeup of ethnic origin varies from region to region, Mexican-Americans have the largest population overall, comprising 65 percent of the U.S. Hispanic population.
But like any other racial or ethnic group, there is no typical pattern to where many live. For example, Cubans make up more than half of the population in Miami. However, in the Washington, D.C., area, Salvadorans make up the plurality of the Hispanic population with 34 percent of the share.
Other findings from the Pew report:
- Of the top 60 metropolitan areas analyzed in the report, just three metropolitan areas — all located in California — have Hispanic populations where the majority of them do not have a high school diploma.
- The greater Fort Lauderdale, Fla., area has the lowest share of Hispanics (17 percent) without a high school diploma.
- About 65 percent of all U.S. Hispanics above the age of 5 are proficient in English.
- Close to three-quarters of the Hispanic population are U.S. citizens either by naturalization or by birth.
- The median household income for U.S. Hispanics is $40,000. That's lower than the general population, which is $49,800. In fact, none of the median household incomes for any of the top 10 areas concentrated by Hispanics are higher than the general population's.
- The highest median household income for Hispanics are in the Washington area at $62,000 and in Baltimore at $56,400.
- Just under half of the Hispanic population, 47 percent, are homeowners. In comparison, 65 percent of the general U.S. population are homeowners.
This article is part of our Next America: Communities project, which is supported by a grant from Emerson Collective.