It’s jarring to see the unemployed take a star turn in Obama's and Romney’s advertisements, because neither man has campaigned on an aggressive plan to put Americans back to work.
By the measure of their own economic philosophies, the candidates’ job-creation plans revolve almost entirely around proposals that are long-term, or small-bore, or both. Obama isn’t pushing a large Keynesian plan to create jobs, such as an FDR-style public works program. Romney isn’t pushing aggressive fiscal consolidation to reduce the government debt he says is holding back growth.
Nearly 13 million Americans remain out of work, and almost 10 million more have either grown discouraged looking for a job or can’t work as much as they’d like. The average duration of unemployment has soared to 40 weeks, and economists are increasingly warning that persistent long-term joblessness can wreak lifelong havoc on workers—and the U.S. economy.
Liberal economist Dean Baker of the Center for Economic and Policy Research and conservative economist Kevin Hassett of the American Enterprise Institute called the duration of unemployment "nothing short of a national emergency" in a New York Times op-ed column they co-wrote last weekend, adding, “It seems clear that neither political party was prepared to deal with the crisis."
On Tuesday, Baker sounded optimistic about the possibility that the candidates’ own ads could spur them to focus more on policies to help the unemployed.
“If the finger-pointing gets sufficiently heated, then it could evolve into pressure to develop a positive program,” he said in an e-mail. “At least that would be my hope. The one thing for sure is that we will not see a jobs program if no one is talking about jobs.”
While the documentary-style ads released this week are unusually personal, presidential candidates have been putting “real people’’ in their ads for decades. A 1952 Dwight Eisenhower spot featured an unnamed housewife exclaiming, “High prices are just driving me crazy!" John F. Kennedy talked with “The Sills family’’ in their living room about the growing costs of food and electricity. A Bill Clinton spot highlighted the struggles of one small town in the face of Bush administration’s policies.
The more familiar presidential campaign spot, however, depicts sweeping vistas and anonymous cheering crowds.
“It seems like the waving flags, the candidate giving a soaring speech, and the fields of grain are not going to be the dominant style in 2012," said Ken Goldstein, president of Kantar Media CMAG, a leading media and marketing company. “Campaigns are trying to figure out [the] best way to shine through all the noise and clutter. Real people speaking in their own words is one of the things that they’re trying.’’
The Obama campaign hit first this week with a new television ad featuring poignant testimonials from former employers of GST Steel, a struggling mill in the Kansas City area bought by Bain Capital in 1993. The mill's 750 workers eventually lost their jobs, but Bain still walked away with a multimillion-dollar profit. Romney had left the company by then but had overseen the takeover.