In his spare time, U.S. District Judge Roger Vinson, the author of Monday's sweeping ruling gutting as "a bridge too far" the entirety of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, apparently serves as the president of the board of directors of the American Camellia Society, an industrious group that evidently appreciates and nurtures a tiny, colorful corner of God's Green Earth. The camellia is known around the world not just as a plant that produces beautiful flowers -- it is the state flower of Alabama, for example -- but also as a plant that produces tea leaves. And what's a Tea Party, after all, without a healthy supply of tea leaves?
It cannot be a coincidence, then, that Judge Vinson, the Reagan appointee who has chosen reverence to the camellia as a hobby, would choose to compare (unfavorably, even) the Obama Administration's complicated (and increasingly endangered) effort to bring health insurance to 30 million Americans with the efforts of King George III and the British East India Company to tax the tea the colonials quoffed.
"It is difficult to imagine," Judge Vinson wrote in his 78-page ruling, "that a nation which began, at least in part, as the result of opposition to a British mandate giving the East India Company a monopoly and imposing a nominal tax on all tea sold in America would have set out to create a government with the power to force people to buy tea in the first place."
Tea Party analogy? Check. Head-scratching analysis? Check. Judge Vinson wrote:
"... the mere status of being without health insurance, in and of itself, has absolutely no impact whatsoever on interstate commerce (not 'slight,' 'trivial,' or 'indirect,' but no impact whatsoever) -- at least not any more so than the status of being without any particular good or service. If impact on interstate commerce were to be expressed and calculated mathematically, the status of being uninsured would necessarily be represented by zero. Of course, any other figure multiplied by zero is also zero. Consequently, the impact must be zero, and of no effect on interstate commerce.
The uninsured can only be said to have a substantial effect on interstate commerce in the manner as described by the defendants: (i) if they get sick or injured; (ii) if they are still uninsured at that specific point in time; (iii) if they seek medical care for that sickness or injury; (iv) if they are unable to pay for the medical care received; and (v) if they are unable or unwilling to make payment arrangements directly with the health care provider, or with assistance of family, friends, and charitable groups, and the costs are thereafter shifted to others."
Got that? The uninsured can only have a "substantial effect on interstate commerce" -- and thus be regulated by Congress -- if they are subject to the precise conditions which exist today all over the country, and which prompted the Act in the first place. The judge acknowledges this point, to his credit, saying that the Congress would of course have the power to regulate the millions of people who meet his five criteria above. But he then concludes: "But, to cast the net wide enough to reach everyone in the present, with the expectation that they will (or could) take those steps in the future, goes beyond the existing 'outer limits' of the Commerce Clause" (emphasis in original).
I suspect there will be a million words of legal and political analysis over the logic and viability of that conclusion.
Unsolicited and simplistic recommendations for the legislative branch? Also check. Judge Vinson wrote: "If Congress intends to implement health care reform -- and there would appear to be widespread agreement across the political spectrum that reform is needed -- it should do a comprehensive examination of the Act and make a legislative determination as to which of its hundreds of provisions and sections will work as intended without the individual mandate, and which will not." In other words: Try again, Congress, and good luck with that!
Painfully half-hearted expression of regret for kicking the entire Affordable Care Act to the curb? Check. Judge Vinson wrote: "I must reluctantly conclude that Congress exceeded the bounds of its authority in passing the Act with the individual mandate. That is not to say, of course, that Congress is without power to address the problems and inequities in our health care system. The health care market is more than one sixth of the national economy, and without doubt Congress has the power to reform and regulate this market. That has not been disputed in this case. The principal dispute has been about how Congress chose to exercise that power here" (emphasis added).
I am sure that others, including some of my colleagues here at the Atlantic, will be spending time in the coming hours and days further parsing the ruling. For me, for now, it's enough to say that Judge Vinson delivered for opponents of the Act precisely what he had promised them one month ago in open court in the motion hearing; a epic, hero-to-a-cause ruling that somehow makes U.S. District Judge Henry Hudson's ruling last month in Virginia, which also struck down the "individual mandate," seem like a relative exercise in judicial restraint. And that's saying something.
Two federal trial judges (Democratic appointees both) have declared the law valid. Now two federal trial judges (Republican appointees both) have declared the law invalid. Ultimately, the United States Supreme Court -- and by that I mean swing-voter Justice Anthony Kennedy, who also is a Reagan appointee -- will decide. But no matter what happens from here on in, Judge Vinson, lover of flowers and tea-leaf-reader by choice, has just ensured himself at least one more day in the sun.
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