Even At Citigroup, Money is Fungible

It's great that Citigroup is lending again, but it's strange to see headlines like, "Citigroup Lends Nearly $45 Billion in TARP Funds." Money is fungible! Citigroup received $45 billion in TARP funds, but the money it lends can come from any corner of its coffers -- each dollar is equally effective.

This is really a minor point. But I thought it was annoying when banking executives claimed that their bonus payments "would come out of operating revenue, not government bailout funds." That was a terrible argument and it deserved to be heartily mocked. By the same principle, banks don't deserve any special praise when they decide to start lending again using special "government bailout funds" instead of regular plain-vanilla dollars.