40 Acres and a Mule

Tyler Cowen points to Melinda Miller's interesting research into whether following through on plans to give freed slaves some land would have made a difference in long-term racial gaps. In this paper (PDF) she looks at a unique population of former slaves held by the Cherokee Nation, which "was forced during post-war negotiations to allow its former slaves to claim and improve any unused land in the Nation’s public domain," and finds some substantial effects.