World War II: Conflict Spreads Around the Globe


From the last few months of 1940 through the summer of 1941, the conflicts among nations grew into true World War. The East African campaign and Western Desert campaign both began during this period, with largely Italian and British forces battling back and forth across the deserts of Egypt and Libya and from Ethiopia to Kenya. The Tripartite Pact -- a declaration of cooperation between Germany, Italy, and Japan -- was signed in Berlin. Japanese forces occupied Vietnam, established bases in French Indochina, and continued to attack China. Mussolini ordered his forces to attack Greece, launching the Greco-Italian War and the Balkans Campaign. The Battle of Britain continued as the forces of Germany and Britain carried out bombing raids and sea attacks against each other. The United States began its lend-lease program, which would eventually ship $50 billion worth of arms and materials to to Allied nations. And an ominous new phase began as the Germans established walled ghettos in Warsaw and other Polish cities, rounding up Jews from surrounding areas and forcing them to move into these enclaves. (This entry is Part 5 of a weekly 20-part retrospective of World War II)
Read more
Hints: View this page full screen. Skip to the next and previous photo by typing j/k or ←/→.

Most Recent

  • Toby Melville / Reuters

    Photos of the Week: 9/16–9/22

    Record-setting hurricanes, massive protests, a devastating earthquake, and an epic refugee crisis.

  • Hector Retamal / AFP / Getty

    Photos of Puerto Rico After Hurricane Maria

    On Wednesday, Hurricane Maria crashed across the entire U.S. territory of Puerto Rico, making landfall with winds approaching 150 mph (240 kph).

  • Cathal McNaughton / Reuters

    Southeast Asia's Rohingya Refugee Crisis Reaches a Terrible Peak

    The United Nations Refugee Agency now reports that more than 420,000 people have fled the violence in Burma since August 24.

  • Omar Torres / AFP / Getty

    Photos of the Earthquake in Mexico City

    On September 19, 2017, a magnitude 7.1 earthquake shook Mexico City, rattling skyscrapers and sending millions into the streets.

Join the Discussion