From the archives:

"The Crescent and the Tricolor" (November 2000)
France today has more Muslims than practicing Catholics, and couscous has arguably become the country's national food. By Christopher Caldwell

"What Is the Koran?" (January 1999)
The "sensitive business" of reinterpreting Islam for the modern world. By Toby Lester

"Turabi's Law" (August 1994)
The nightmarish Islamic regime in Sudan may portend the real future of the Islamic world. By William Langewiesche

"Behind the Terror" (June 1987)
A little-publicized group led by Christians eager for Syria to dominate the Middle East is reponsible for many highly publicized terrorist acts. By Ehud Ya'ari

From Atlantic Unbound:

Interviews: "Islam Rising" (February 17, 1999)
A conversation with Mary Anne Weaver, whose new book shows that there is much more to Islamic activism than guns and bombs.

Flashbacks: "Oil and Turmoil" (July 11, 1996)
Three Atlantic authors tackle the issues of politics, oil, and the Persian Gulf.

The War on Terrorism

A collection of features from The Atlantic Monthly and Atlantic Unbound, in reverse chronological order


The Wrong Lesson
Our counterinsurgency efforts abroad are starting to resemble the British Empire's. This could mean gains now—and trouble later. By Caroline Elkins (July/August 2005. The Atlantic Monthly)

Truth Extraction
A classic text on interrogating enemy captives offers a counterintuitive lesson on the best way to get information. By Stephen Budiansky (June 2005. The Atlantic Monthly)

Gas Pains
One of the U.S. military's greatest vulnerabilities in Iraq is its enormous appetite for fuel. The insurgents have figured this out. By Robert Bryce (May 2005. The Atlantic Monthly)

Hotel Baghdad
Fear and lodging in Ira. By William Langewiesche (May 2005. The Atlantic Monthly)

Inside Out
Why it's so hard to infiltrate al-Qaeda. By Michael Scheuer (April 2005. The Atlantic Monthly)

A leading observer of militant Islam argues that the movement will undermine itself—if only the United States will let it. By Peter Beinart (March 2005. The Atlantic Monthly)

Success Without Victory
A "containment" strategy for the age of terror. By James Fallows (January/February 2005. The Atlantic Monthly)

Ten Years Later
"Then the second wave of al-Qaeda attacks hit America." A leading expert on counterterrorism imagines the future history of the war on terror. A frightening picture of a country still at war in 2011. By Richard A. Clarke (January/February 2005. The Atlantic Monthly)

Richard A. Clarke: Fatal Vision
Richard Clarke talks about his frightening scenario of an America hobbled by terrorism—and what we can do to avoid it. (January 7, 2005, Web-only)

Bruce Hoffman: A Tragedy of Errors
James Fallows, the author of "Bush's Lost Year," describes the road to Iraq as a case study in "failed decision-making." (September 20, 2004, Web-only)

Bush's Lost Year
By deciding to invade Iraq, the Bush Administration decided not to do many other things: not to reconstruct Afghanistan, not to deal with the threats posed by North Korea and Iran, and not to wage an effective war on terror. An inventory of opportunities lost. By James Fallows

The Long Hunt for Osama
Where has he been? How did we ever let him get away? Our correspondent—one of the few Western journalists ever to have met Osama bin Laden—traces the al-Qaeda leader's footsteps in Afghanistan and Pakistan, and describes the sometimes hapless American pursuit. By Peter Bergen

Inside al-Qaeda's Hard Drive
Budget squabbles, baby pictures, office rivalries—and the path to 9/11 by Alan Cullison

Bruce Hoffman: Councils of War
"Anonymous," the CIA insider who wrote Imperial Hubris, argues that we must annihilate our Muslim enemies, while heeding their point of view (August 18, 2004, Web-only)

Plan of Attack
Insurgents in Iraq are forging improbable alliances to fight what some analysts call a "netwar." The United States needs to adapt—and to relearn some old lessons. By Bruce Hoffman (July/August 2004. The Atlantic Monthly)

Robert D. Kaplan: In the Line of Fire
Journalist Robert D. Kaplan joined U.S. Marines as they stormed Fallujah, and returned to share his impressions. (June 15, 2004, Web-only)

Al-Qaeda's Understudy
Suicide terrorism has come to Pakistan. By Nasra Hassan (June 2004. The Atlantic Monthly)

Dawn of the Daddy State
If terrorism has made a global trend toward greater state power inevitable, then it's important to get authoritarianism right. Here's how. By Paul Starobin (June 2004. The Atlantic Monthly)

Hitler's "Amerikabomber"
The idea of flying planes into skyscrapers didn't originate with al-Qaeda. By Dieter Wulf (May 2004. The Atlantic Monthly)

Cleaning up after suicide bombings. By Bruce Hoffman (January/February 2004. The Atlantic Monthly)

Supremacy by Stealth
It's a cliché these days to observe that the United States now possesses a global empire. It is time to move beyond a statement of the obvious. How should we operate on a tactical level to preserve our imperium? What are the rules and what are the tools? By Robert Kaplan (July/August 2003. The Atlantic Monthly)

The Logic of Suicide Terrorism
The perceived randomness of suicide bombings is in large part responsible for the emotional suffering that they inflict on society. But the planners of these attacks use a strategy that is anything but random. By Bruce Hoffman (June 2003. The Atlantic Monthly)

Who Shot Mohammed al-Dura?
The image of a twelve-year-old boy shot dead in his helpless father's arms during a confrontation between Israelis and Palestinians has become a symbol of Israeli, and by extension American, oppression. But emerging evidence suggests that the boy cannot have died in the way reported by most of the world's media. By James Fallows. (June 2003. The Atlantic Monthly)

Norman Ornstein's Doomsday Scenario
What would happen if a bomb wiped out the federal government? By Michelle Cottle. (June 2003. The Atlantic Monthly)

Bruce Hoffman: The Calculus of Terror
Bruce Hoffman talks about the strategy behind the suicide bombings in Israel—and what we must learn from Israel's response. (May 15, 2003, Web-only)

A Transformative Moment
An excerpt from the afterword to Michael Kelly's book Martyrs' Day, about the first Gulf War. Kelly was killed in Iraq in early April as he accompanied American forces advancing on Baghdad. (June 2003, The Atlantic Monthly)

What Now?
A letter from Kuwait City. By Michael Kelly. (May 2003, The Atlantic Monthly)

A Tale of Two Colonies
Our correspondent travels to Yemen and Eritrea, and finds that the war on terrorism is forcing U.S. involvement with the one country's tribal turbulence and the other's obsessive fear of chaos. By Robert D. Kaplan (April 2003. The Atlantic Monthly)

Stephen Schwartz: The Real Islam
In The Two Faces of Islam Stephen Schwartz argues that in order to appreciate the pluralist, tolerant side of Islam, we must confront its ugly, extremist side. (March 20, 2003, Web-only)

The Perils of Partition
Our author examines the political—and literary—legacy of Britain's policy of "divide and quit." By Christopher Hitchens. (March 2003, The Atlantic Monthly)

The Elephantiasis of Reason
The CIA's brand of rational analysis is perpetually half right in a way that makes it completely wrong. By David Brooks. (January/February 2003, The Atlantic Monthly)

The Fifty-first State?
Going to war with Iraq would mean shouldering all the responsibilities of an occupying power the moment victory was achieved. By James Fallows. (November 2002, The Atlantic Monthly)

The Kabul-ki Dance
Inside the cockpit with the pilots and whizzos of the 391st Fighter Squadron, the top guns of America's air war in Afghanistan. By Mark Bowden. (November 2002, The Atlantic Monthly)

The Temptation of War
A new memoir by Daniel Ellsberg, the man who leaked the Pentagon Papers, warns that Presidents will do anything to avoid losing wars. By Jack Beatty. (October 23, 2002, Web-only)

Homeland Insecurity
A top expert says America's approach to protecting itself will only make matters worse. Forget "foolproof" technology—we need systems designed to fail smartly. By Charles C. Mann. (September 2002, The Atlantic Monthly)

The Information Wars
Terrorism has become a pretext for a new culture of secrecy. By Mary Graham. (September 2002, The Atlantic Monthly)

Inside the Ruins
William Langewiesche, the author of "American Ground," on life at the World Trade Center site after the towers fell. (June 17, 2002, Web-only)

Designer Bugs
Might technologies intended to improve the world provide terrorists and rogue nations with the means to build the ultimate bio-weapon? By Jon Cohen. (July/August 2002, The Atlantic Monthly)

A Brief History of Yasir Arafat
The PLO leader is a terrible administrator but a brilliant image crafter. By David Brooks. (July/August 2002, The Atlantic Monthly)

The Roots of Our Discontent
Michael B. Oren, the author of Six Days of War, talks about how a short but momentous conflict forged the modern Middle East (June 12, 2002, Web-only)

The Expulsion From the Magic Kingdom
September 11 was America's Fall. Now we need to rethink national defense in an era of national insecurity. By Jack Beatty (June 5, 2002, Web-only)

The Culture of Martyrdom
How suicide bombing became not just a means but an end. By David Brooks. (June 2002, The Atlantic Monthly)

The American Way of War
The third of three essays on the revolution in air power. By Michael Kelly. (June 2002, The Atlantic Monthly)

It's Not Easy Being Mean: an Interview with Mark Bowden
Mark Bowden, the author of The Atlantic's May cover story, talks about the strange life of Saddam Hussein and why his downfall is inevitable. (April 25, 2002, Web-only)

Tales of the Tyrant
What does Saddam Hussein see in himself that no one else in the world seems to see? The answer is perhaps best revealed by the intimate details of the Iraqi leader's daily life. By Mark Bowden. (May 2002, The Atlantic Monthly)

Slow Squeeze
One legacy of Vietnam that we continue to live with is the idea that air power cannot win a war. By Michael Kelly. (May 2002, The Atlantic Monthly)

Blind Spot
Racial profiling, meet your alter ego: affirmative action. By Randall Kennedy. (April 2002, The Atlantic Monthly)

Behavior Modification
Soon after the Afghan war began, the Air Force dramatically altered its tactics. What lay behind the change? By James Fallows. (April 2002, The Atlantic Monthly)

The Air-Power Revolution
Historians and military analysts have long stressed the limitations of air power. Their arguments are no longer tenable. By Michael Kelly. (April 2002, The Atlantic Monthly)

The World in 2005
American eyes are focused at the moment mainly on the war against terrorism. But powerful forces continue to shape the world without regard to that war—and will affect how we wage it. By Robert D. Kaplan. (March 2002, The Atlantic Monthly)

Islam Versus the Pleasure Principle
Russian muftis have condemned the war in Afghanistan, but Tatar Muslims have other things on their minds. Like Mork & Mindy. By Jeffrey Tayler. (March 2002, The Atlantic Monthly)

The Unilateralist
A conversation with Paul Wolfowitz. By James Fallows (March 2002, The Atlantic Monthly)

A Modest Proposal From the Brigadier
What one prominent Pakistani thinks his country should do with its atomic weapons. By Peter Landesman. (March 2002, The Atlantic Monthly)

A Failure of Intelligence
Gilles Kepel's obituary for Islamism was written before September 11. By Walter Laqueur (March 2002, The Atlantic Monthly)

A Modest Little War
An exit strategy isn't a foreign policy. By David Brooks. (February 2002, The Atlantic Monthly)

Losing the Code War
The great age of code breaking is over—and with it much of our ability to track the communications of our enemies. By Stephen Budiansky. (February 2002, The Atlantic Monthly)

Councils of War
Military spinoffs have transformed civilian life. The momentum right now may be running in the other direction. By James Fallows. (February 2002, The Atlantic Monthly)

Warring Doubts
Many have died in Afghanistan to make us more secure. Are we? By Jack Beatty (February 13, 2002, Web-only)

Terrorism's CEO: An Interview With Peter Bergen
In Holy War, Inc., Peter Bergen examines how Osama bin Laden turned al Qaeda into the world's preeminent terrorist organization. (January 9, 2001, Web-only)

A New Grand Strategy
The United States will be more secure, and the world more stable, if America now chooses to pass the buck and allow other countries to take care of themselves. By Benjamin Schwarz and Christpher Layne. (January 2002, The Atlantic Monthly)

What Went Wrong?
Muslim civilization, once a mighty enterprise, has fallen low. Many in the Middle East blame a variety of outside forces. But underlying much of the Muslim world's travail may be a simple lack of freedom. By Bernard Lewis. (January 2002, The Atlantic Monthly)

The Gospel According to Osama bin Laden
Osama bin Laden's skillful rhetorical constructions, rich in historical allusion, have enormous powers of penetration—and will survive their author. By Reuel Marc Gerecht. (January 2002, The Atlantic Monthly)

A Nasty Business
Gathering "good intelligence" against terrorists is an inherently brutish enterprise, involving methods a civics class might not condone. Should we care? By Bruce Hoffman. (January 2002, The Atlantic Monthly)

The Futility of Homeland Defense
Don't even try to close the holes in a country, and a society, designed to be porous. By David Carr. (January 2002, The Atlantic Monthly)

Keeping the Net Secure
September 11 demonstrated the great strength of the internet. Now it's time to address the Internet's weaknesses. By Reed Hundt. (January 2002, The Atlantic Monthly)

The Mullahs and the Postmodernists
"The postmodern left has become as fixated on its one value as the anti-modern mullahs are on theirs." By Jonathan Rauch. (January 2002, The Atlantic Monthly)

Strong Fiber After All
"Problems that loomed large when the nation was safe and rich are seen in a new, diminished, and quite possibly truer perspective." By Richard Posner. (January 2002, The Atlantic Monthly)

A Renaissance of Liberalism
"When people generally believe in their government, then activist government is once again possible." By Michael Kelly. (January 2002, The Atlantic Monthly)

On the Playing Fields of Suburbia
"America is perpetually on the brink of being corrupted by its own affluence—but only on the brink. We are less shallow than we appear." By David Brooks. (January 2002, The Atlantic Monthly)

Councils of War
"Even small and inconclusive wars have had their effect—on military doctrine, on government institutions, on Americans' sense of their rights and identities." By James Fallows. (January 2002, The Atlantic Monthly)

Coping Strategies
"Aren't we supposed to be a big, terrifying nation—a Godzilla of capitalism? Since when does Godzilla flip out because he might have brushed against something in the mail room?" By P. J. O'Rourke. (January 2001, The Atlantic Monthly)

Reuel Marc Gerecht:
The Necessity of Fear

Reuel Marc Gerecht, a former CIA spy in the Middle East, argues that the only way to douse the fires of Islamic radicalism is through stunning, overwhelming, military force. (December 28, 2001, Web-only)

Larry Thompson:
War's Forgotten Faces

Larry Thompson of Refugees International describes what life is like for the refugees of conflicts, old and new, in Afghanistan. (December 18, 2001, Web-only)

Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Islam
Is democracy compatible with Islam? Atlantic contributors from throughout the twentieth century take up the question. (December 12, 2001, Web-only)

Policies of Power
James Fallows exchanges e-mail with Walter Russell Mead, the author of Special Providence: American Foreign Policy and How It Changed the World. (December 6, 2001, Web-only)

Arafat's Last Stand?
Three Atlantic articles shed light on Arafat's precarious position. (December 6, 2001, Web-only)

The Real Roots of Terror
The autocratic regimes of Saudi Arabia and Egypt distract their citizens from repression at home by directing their anger toward the U.S. By Jack Beatty (December 5, 2001, Web-only)

Countering the Smallpox Threat
Even before the September 11 attacks heightened our fears of bio-terrorism, a biologist came up with a sensible strategy for coping with one of the most fearsome possibilities. By Jonathan Rauch. (December 2001, The Atlantic Monthly)

Councils of War
Matching confusing new realities to historical experience. By James Fallows. (December 2001, The Atlantic Monthly)

Fourth-Generation Warfare
Pentagon mavericks have been trying for decades to reorient military strategy toward a new kind of threat—the kind we're suddenly facing in the war on terrorism. Now that we've got the war they predicted, will we get the reforms they've been pushing for?. By Jason Vest. (December 2001, The Atlantic Monthly)

Security Versus Civil Liberties
A distinguished jurist advises us to calm down about the probable curtailing of some personal freedoms in the months ahead. As a nation we've treated certain civil liberties as malleable, when necessary, from the start. By Richard Posner. (December 2001, The Atlantic Monthly)

Stranger in a Strange Land
The dismay of an honest and honorable man of the left. By Christopher Hitchens. (December 2001, The Atlantic Monthly)

All you Need is Love
How the terrorists stopped terrorism. By Bruce Hoffman. (December 2001, The Atlantic Monthly)

Squishier Than Thou
Demonstrating against reality in London and Washington. By P. J. O'Rourke. (December 2001, The Atlantic Monthly)

One-Alarm Fire
U.S. counterterrorism may be overly preoccupied with biological weapons—which have a rather poor track record. By Bruce Hoffman. (December 2001, The Atlantic Monthly)

Listening to America
What we can learn from the "anguished, angry, fearful, plucky" voices of citizens talking about September 11 and its aftermath. By Jack Beatty (November 7, 2001, Web-only)

The View from Inside
Foreign correspondent Robert D. Kaplan on his days among the mujahideen, the killing of Abdul Haq, and why the U.S. must not be afraid to be brutal. (November 2, 2001, Web-only)

A New Mask
The terrorists temporarily created a civil society in New York—but the city can't mind its manners forever. By David Carr. (November 2001, The Atlantic Monthly)

Order in the Family
Not our politicians but our public servants have called us to a higher standard. By Jack Beatty. (November 2001, The Atlantic Monthly)

What Auden Didn't Know
The things that stay in place. By P. J. O'Rourke. (November 2001, The Atlantic Monthly)

Understanding Afghanistan
A collection of Atlantic articles offer background and perspective on a nation in conflict. (October 26, 2001, Web-only)

Infectious Terrorism
Atlantic articles from 1991 and 1974 warned of the dangers of biological and chemical attacks. (October 19, 2001, Web-only)

The Battle Hymn of the Republic
Americans today are finding new inspiration in Julia Ward Howe's anthem—originally published in The Atlantic in 1862 to rally Union troops. (September 18, 2001, Web-only)

Ground Zero, the Day After
A pilgrimage to the "ash-covered canyon" that was once the World Trade Center. By Petra Bartosiewicz. (September 19, 2001, Web-only)

After the Attacks
How do businesses prepare for catastrophe? A report from August, 2000. (September 13, 2001, Web-only)

Coming to Grips With Jihad
What are the roots of Islamic fundamentalist rage against the U.S.? How did Afghanistan become a hotbed of international terrorists? Four Atlantic articles look at the origins and consequences of jihad. (September 12, 2001, Web-only)

The Triumph of Terrorism
Who could have perpetrated the September 11 attacks—and why? A collection of Atlantic articles gives insight into the terrorist mind—and how the U.S. may have both inflamed and encouraged terrorist groups. (September 11, 2001, Web-only)

Inside the Jihad
The Pakistani journalist Ahmed Rashid, who has reported from inside Afghanistan for more than two decades, shares insights he has gained from his extraordinary access to the country and its radical Taliban movement. (August 10, 2000, Web-only)

Cartoons by Sage Stossel

Who You Gonna Call?
(August 5, 2004, Web-only)

The Swan
(July 1, 2004, Web-only)

(May 27, 2004, Web-only)

Dirty Laundry
(May 6, 2004, Web-only)

The Waiting Game
(April 21, 2004, Web-only)

Code Orange
(December 22, 2003, Web-only)

Duct and Cover
(February 13, 2003, Web-only)

As Seen on TV
(February 5, 2002, Web-only)

Unfriendly Skies
(December 4, 2002, Web-only)

The Art of Homeland Security
(September 10, 2002, Web-only)

Zone Defense
(May 30, 2002, Web-only)

Dire Warning
(May 22, 2002, Web-only)

It's a Bad, Bad, Bad, Bad World
(February 21, 2002, Web-only)

'Twas the Night Before Christmas
(December 18, 2001, Web-only)

Tora! Tora! Tora!
(December 12, 2001, Web-only)

The Rest Is History
(December 6, 2001, Web-only)

Northern Appliance
(November 27, 2001, Web-only)

Freudian Tip
(November 13, 2001, Web-only)

You're Out!
(November 7, 2001, Web-only)

Enemies Among Us
(November 1, 2001, Web-only)

Undercover Operation
(October 26, 2001, Web-only)

War Stories
(October 17, 2001, Web-only)

Hard Lessons
(October 11, 2001, Web-only)

New York Treasures
(September 26, 2001, Web-only)

Bitter Pill
(September 17, 2001, Web-only)

We, the People
(September 14, 2001, Web-only)

Copyright © 2001 by The Atlantic Monthly Group. All rights reserved.