From a brief history of the port, starting at the beginning:
The first evidence for the existence of the port of Antwerp dates from the 12th century. Antwerp is a point of embarkment for passengers travelling to England and Zeeland, and as an export port for wine from Germany to England. Industrial products such as wool and cloth created more commerce in the city. Great storm floods made the Scheldt more accessible, enabling shipping traffic to flourish. The 16th century has gone down in history as Antwerp’s Golden Age.
And to the present day:
In 2011, construction started on a second sea lock on the Left bank. The lock will be as wide and as long as the Berendrecht lock on the Right bank, but it will be deeper. It will be the biggest sea lock in the world.
(See all Orbital Views here)