Congresswoman Ayanna Pressley of Massachusetts is sworn in by House Speaker Nancy PelosiHannah Gaber

What We’re Following

Still Down: New year, new U.S. Congress, new Speaker of the House, same government shutdown. In its first order of business, the House elected Nancy Pelosi as speaker, mostly along party lines (here’s a less often-cited milestone: she’s the first person in more than six decades to reclaim the position).

Now in the majority, House Democrats started the 116th Congress looking to pass a pair of bills aimed at re-opening the government, neither of which offer funding for President Trump’s border wall. The president isn’t conceding: “I’ve never had so much support” for his position on the wall, he said at an impromptu press conference Thursday afternoon. Is there a way to put an end to all government shutdowns, for once and for all? Annie Lowrey has a suggestion.

The Dark Far Side of the Moon: China landed a spacecraft on the far side of the moon—on its own a thrilling feat of engineering. But there’s geopolitical subtext to the achievement, given that national government-supported space exploration began as a patriotism-drenched quest for national power (with a side of scientific discovery).

Shan Wang


Snapshot

Flint Michigan
A machine-learning model showed promising results in identifying problematic lead pipes in Flint, Michigan, but city officials and their engineering contractor abandoned it. Alexis Madrigal on what went wrong. (Photo: Bill Pugliano / Getty)

Let’s Invent a New Holiday

Last month, we asked readers to share some of the unique traditions their families engaged in during the year-end holiday season. The rituals you shared were often quirky and uniformly delightful. They made us think, Why concentrate all these fantastic festivities into one always-too-fleeting month?

With that: We’re in search of a brand new holiday, and we want your help inventing one! National Stress-Bake Day? Turn off the Internet Day? Let us know here by January 11, and come back at the end of the month, when we’ll have you vote for your favorite new holiday.


Evening Read

A “white-sounding” name can significantly impact how a person is treated, including in “hypothetical life-and-death situations,” recent research from two psychologists found:

In one experiment, Zhao and Biernat had participants—about 850 white American citizens recruited through Amazon’s Mechanical Turk platform, which researchers often use to pay subjects small sums in exchange for completing tasks—imagine the famous scenario of the “trolley problem,” in which an out-of-control train is about to run over five people on the tracks; pulling a lever to divert it would save them, but kill a helpless individual on another track. The identities of the five and the one were varied—for instance, the individual was referred to as either an Asian immigrant named Xian, an Asian immigrant named Mark, or a white male named Mark.

As is typical of trolley-problem studies, a majority of subjects said they’d pull the lever, but the names of the individual played a role in the decision. The shares of participants who decided to sacrifice the white Mark and the Asian Mark were about 68 percent and 70 percent, respectively; subjects were more likely to divert the train to hit Xian, which they chose to do 78 percent of the time.

Read on.


What Do You Know … About Global Affairs?

1. This former Boeing executive is now the acting secretary of defense, replacing his outgoing boss Jim Mattis.

Scroll down for the answer, or find it here.

2. He was sworn in this week as the president of Brazil, making moves on day one to target the rights of minority groups in the country.

Scroll down for the answer, or find it here.

3. In his first visit to American troops in an overseas combat zone, U.S. President Donald Trump arrived for an unannounced trip late last month to which country?

Scroll down for the answer, or find it here.

Answers: Patrick Shanahan / Jair Bolsonaro / Iraq


Urban Developments

Our partner site CityLab explores the cities of the future and investigates the biggest ideas and issues facing city dwellers around the world. Gracie McKenzie shares today’s top stories:

Science has proven that having everyone stand still on the escalator is actually more efficient than allowing space for some people to walk around. Why can’t transit riders be convinced?

Since beginning its subsidized childcare program, Quebec has seen the rate of women in the workforce aged 26 to 44 reach 85 percent, the highest in the world.

Just how apocalyptic is the retail apocalypse? David Montgomery took a closer look at the data and found a more ambiguous picture than the headlines might suggest.

For more updates like these from the urban world, subscribe to CityLab’s Daily newsletter.


Looking for our daily mini crossword? Try your hand at it here—the puzzle gets more difficult through the week.

Concerns, comments, questions, typos? Email Shan Wang at swang@theatlantic.com

Did you get this newsletter from a friend? Sign yourself up.

We want to hear what you think about this article. Submit a letter to the editor or write to letters@theatlantic.com.