Carlo Allegri / Reuters

What We’re Following

Shifting Demographics: Could Donald Trump be changing his position on immigration? His latest comments seem to promise a policy that’s in line with President Obama’s—a surprising pivot after he alienated Hispanic voters with harsh rhetoric about illegal immigration and his infamous wall. Trump is reaching out to black voters as well, but having little success: Among African Americans, he polls at only 1-2 percent, an unprecedented low.

Compromising Positions: A new study of how gender affects bipartisanship in Congress finds women are more likely to cooperate than men—but only Republican women, and only on particular bills. From University of California President Janet Napolitano’s experience, though, there might be some truth to the claim that women are particularly good at collaborating. “When I was attorney general … the female attorneys general around the country would get together for dinner,” she remembers. “We were having similar experiences and sometimes we wanted to talk about things that maybe our male counterparts didn’t, and I think females are very good at forming those kinds of friendships and allegiances.” Read our full interview here.

Take Me to Church: Fewer Americans are attending religious services than ever before, but it’s not necessarily because they’re not religious. Rather, a new survey of how people choose and attend services found that the most common reason for not going to church was logistics: Would-be churchgoers are just too busy. Meanwhile, about a quarter of Americans have actually upped their involvement in religious communities. Do you attend—or avoid—church for reasons that aren’t religious? Tell us at hello@theatlantic.com.


Snapshot

The Swan motel in Wildwood, New Jersey, was built in 1957 and photographed here in 2005—just days before the motel was demolished. See more motels from photographer Mark Havens here.

Perspectives

Today, we found out what it’s like:

To “chestfeed” a baby as a trans man.

To be a 4-year-old with diabetes.

To own a small business: “If you imagine a person riding on the back of a lion, everyone looks at that guy and they say, ‘Wow, that guy is really brave. He must be really smart. He must be really cool.’ And then you switch to the guy who’s on the lion. He’s terrified, because he’s riding a lion.” —Chris Rall, who owns a window-cleaning business


Evening Read

Twenty years ago today, Osama bin Laden declared war on the United States. Dominic Tierney writes:

His central lament was the presence of U.S. forces in Saudi Arabia, or “the occupation of the land of the two holiest sites.” Following the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait in 1990, bin Laden had offered to defend Saudi Arabia with his Arab legion. But the Saudi royals decided that the U.S. military would be a better bet. Six years later, American soldiers were still in Saudi Arabia in a bid to contain Saddam Hussein. Bin Laden saw the United States as the power behind the throne: the “far enemy” that propped up apostate regimes in the Middle East. Muslims, he wrote, should abandon their petty local fights and unite to drive the Americans out of Saudi Arabia: “destroying, fighting and killing the enemy until, by the Grace of Allah, it is completely defeated.”

Read on here, as Tierney breaks down the five stages of the war and shows why neither side has won.


What Do You Know?

1. The family-friendly restaurant chain ____________ was founded in 1965 as one of New York City’s first singles bars.

(Scroll down for the answer, or find it here.)

2. According to a new study, the months when divorce filings are most common are ____________ and March.

(Scroll down for the answer, or find it here.)

3. In their economic platforms, both Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton plan to keep commercial and investment banking separate by reintroducing the ____________.

(Scroll down for the answer, or find it here.)


Reader Response

A black woman who lived in Portland, Oregon, in the 1980s joins our ongoing discussion about the city:

Alana Semuel’s article made sense of all the racial hostility my family and I experienced during our 10-year residence. The schools, the rise of the Skinheads ... I still remember Mulugeta Seraw being murdered by Skinheads outside a local nightclub. [...] I encountered the most racism in the school system. Two memories that remain: being called “monkey” and “gorilla” and “primate” in school—two girls in particular were really hostile. They even showed me books of monkeys and asked me if I was related to them. My mother had to intervene because the teacher was ineffective at stopping the bullying.

Read more here. If you’ve lived in Portland and have personal insight about race relations there, especially regarding Skinheads, tell us at hello@theatlantic.com.


Look Back

On this day in 1831, Nat Turner’s rebellion—the most violent slave uprising in the history of the American South—was suppressed in Southhampton County, Virginia. As Thomas Wentworth Higginson wrote in our August 1861 issue:

The immediate danger was at an end, the short-lived insurrection was finished, and now the work of vengeance was to begin. In the frank phrase of a North Carolina correspondent,—“The massacre of the whites was over, and the white people had commenced the destruction of the negroes, which was continued after our Men got there, from time to time, as they could fall in with them, all day yesterday.” A postscript adds, that “passengers by the Fayetteville stage say, that, by the latest accounts, one hundred and twenty negroes had been killed,”—this being little more than one day's work.

These murders were defended as Nat Turner defended his: a fearful blow must be struck. In shuddering at the horrors of the insurrection, we have forgotten the far greater horrors of its suppression.


Verbs

Subs rise, bullies succeed, budgie-smugglers legitimized, Pokemon goes.

Answers: T.G.I. Friday’s, August, Glass-Steagall act


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