In the Senate,
Russell of Georgia and Russell Long of
Louisiana both rejected official accounts of the assassination. In the
executive branch, Joseph
Califano, the General Counsel of Army in 1963 and later Secretary of
Health Education and Welfare, concluded that Kennedy had been killed by a
conspiracy.* In the White House, H.R.
Haldeman, chief of staff to President Richard Nixon, wanted to
reopen the JFK investigation in 1969. Nixon wasn't interested.
Suspicion persisted in the upper echelons of the U.S. national security
agencies, as well. Col. L. Fletcher
Prouty, chief of Pentagon special operations in 1963 (and later an
adviser to Stone), believed that there had been a plot.
chief of the CIA's station in Mexico City at the time of Kennedy's
murder and an ultra-conservative Agency loyalist, rejected the Warren
Commission's findings about a trip that Oswald had taken to Mexico six
weeks before the assassination. Scott concluded in an unpublished memoir
that Oswald had, indeed, been just a patsy.
None of these
figures was a paranoid fantasist. To the contrary, they constituted a
cross section of the American power elite in 1963. Neither did they talk
about a JFK conspiracy for public consumption; they talked about it
only reservedly, in confined circles.
4. Former Los Angeles
County prosecutor Vincent Bugliosi refuted all JFK conspiracy theories
in Reclaiming History.
In the course of 1,600 pages Bugliosi effectively
refuted many unfounded conspiracy scenarios and reasserted the lone
gunman conclusions of the Warren Commission. But he has never engaged
the extensive scholarship of Commission skeptics such as journalist David
Talbot, historian Kaiser,
Newman, or biographer Anthony
Summers, or analyzed the innovative research of attorney William
Kaiser, author of seven books on U.S. history,
notes that Bugliosi's prosecutorial approach limits the scope of his
historical analysis: "He falls back on the old argument 'no one could
have ever used Ruby and Oswald in a conspiracy' which relieves him of
the necessity of addressing any of the conspiracy evidence seriously."
5. All the CIA's records related to the Kennedy assassination have been
The agency acknowledges that it currently holds
thousands of pages on Kennedy's murder that the public has never seen.
The CIA disclosed the existence of the still-secret JFK files while
responding to a Freedom of Information Act lawsuit, filed as it
happens by me, seeking the release of other records related to the
In a sworn affidavit, Delores Nelson, the CIA's
chief information officer, stated that the Agency has approximately
1,100 assassination-related documents that it plans to keep under wraps
until 2017, if not longer. These files -- containing more than 2,000
pages of material -- cannot be made public for reasons, Nelson says, of