December 1963

In This Issue

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  • Colombia

  • Why the Border Guards Defect

    BY MICHAEL MARA More than one thousand East Berlin border guards have defected to the West since the Wall went up in August of 1961. One of them is the author of this article, MICHAEL MARA,a twenly-four-year-old Berliner who, on Christmas Eve of 1961, escaped to the West.

  • The Building and Rebuilding of Berlin

    Born and bred in Berlin, WOLF JOBST SIEDLERwas arrested for anti-Nazi activities and spent three years as a prisoner of war. He served for a while as German secretary for the Congress of Cultural Freedom before becoming literary editor of the Berlin newspaperDER TAGESSPIEGEL.He recently became director of the West Berlin publishing company Propyläen Verlag.

  • Writers in Berlin: A Three-Way Discussion

    WALTER HÖLLERER holds the chair of German philology at the Technical University in West Berlin. He is the founder and editor of the German literary journal AKZENTE. GÜNTER GRASS is the author of THE TIN DRUM and CAT AND MOUSE. His new book, HUNDEJAHRE (DOG YEARS),was recently published in Germany.WALTER HASENCLEVER,who monitored this discussion for theATLANTIC,is a Berliner who emigrated to the United States during the Hitler period and taught at Phillips Andover Academy. He now works for a literary institute in Berlin.

  • What Ulbricht Doesn't Know

    The gripe of rhe workers in East Germany found expression in the uprising of June 17, 1953. and again in a dramatic incident which took place in August of 1961. KURT WISMACH now lives and works in West Germany.

  • The People of East Berlin

  • The Young Germans

    Wife of a German manufacturer and mother of two children, ERIKA VON HORNSTEIN was born in Potsdam and has spent much of her life in Berlin. When her husband was accused of economic sabotage in 1950, she fled with him to West Berlin, where they made a new life. She has interviewed many refugees and has recorded their determination and their adventures in her book BEYOND THE BERLIN WALL. For this issue she conducted the following inquiry with three young tunnel builders.

  • Berlin's Economic Future

    Author and economist, HENRY C. WALLICHwas born in Berlin, graduated from the Bismarck Gymnasium, and attended Oxford before coming to the United States in 1935. He received his graduate degrees from Harvard, for the past twelve years has been professor of economics at Yale, and has served on the President’s Council of Economic Advisers. His latest book,THE COST OF FREEDOM,recently appeared on the White House book list.

  • Television: Embarrassing Moments of 1963

  • Bats

    MORRIS FREEDMAN has written and done editorial work for many magazines and newspapers and is now an associate professor of English at the University of New Mexico.

  • Real Property

  • Computerizings

    VOLTA TORREY is editor of the TECHNOLOGY REVIEW, an alumni publication of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

  • Water for the Village

  • Albums for Christmas

  • The Peripatetic Reviewer

  • Reader's Choice

  • Books for Children: A Christmas List

  • Potpourri

  • South Vietnam

  • Morocco

  • The Atlantic Report on the World Today: Washington

  • The Epidemic of Gooseflesh

    A salty, courageous critic whose happiest days as a newspaperman were spent in company with Frank R. Kent, Henry L. Mencken, and Hamilton Owens, all on the BaltimoreSUN, GERALD W. JOHNSONis the author of biographies of Woodrow Wilson, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Andrew Jackson, and John Paul Jones, and ofA LITTLE NIGHT-MUSIC,as charming a book on amateur musicians as one can remember.

  • The Supreme Court and Its Critics

    IRVING R. KAUFMAN is a judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, which includes New York, Connecticut, and Vermont, to which he was elevated by President Kennedy from the United States District Court upon the recommendation of Judge Learned Hand. As district judge he presided over several prominent civil and criminal trials, among them the Rosenberg atom-spy case, the Apalachin conspiracy, and the New Rochelle segregation case.

  • The Ice Party

    Southern-born and a graduate of Radcliffe, class of 1958, SALLIE BINGHAM started the writing of fiction while she was in college. One of her short stories won the Dana Reed Prize for 1957 and was reprinted inTHE BEST AMERICAN SHORT STORIES 1959.Her first novel,AFTER SUCH KNOWLEDGE,was published by Houghton Mifflin in 1960.

  • Christmas in Vermont

  • British Policy and the United States

    A member of the British Cabinet since 1957, REGINALD MAUDLING, P.C., M.P., as President of the Board of Trade, was closely involved in Britain s negotiations for foreign trade; then, as Chancellor of the Exchequer it was his responsibility to prepare the budget for 1962-1963. At the age of forty-six, Mr. Maudling, a member of the Conservative Party, is one of the younger generation of British political figures.

  • Living Clocks

    Plants and animals have long given evidence that they can keep time, but do they possess an internal biological clock, or are they merely responding to the cosmic rhythms of the external world? N.J. BERRILLis professor of zoology at McGill University and the author of several books, includingJOURNEY INTO WONDER, SEX AND THE NATURE OF THINGS,andMAN’S EMERGING MIND.

  • One Day

  • Conversation at the Styx

  • Full Moon

  • The Cave

    A Southern writer whose short stories first appeared in these pages and whose first novel, MOUNTAINS OF GILEAD, appeared under the Atlantic-Little, Brown imprint, JESSE HILL FORD makes his home in Humboldt. Tennessee. He is now at work on a second novel.

  • Fighting for Roses

  • Pax: Poland's Proteus

    The relations between Church and State in Catholic Poland have been characterized by various degrees of tension since the Communists took over the government in 1947. A leading role has been played by a strange, pseudoCatholic organization known as PAX, whose activities are of a religious, political, and commercial nature.

  • New Poetry

    Educated at Harvard and Cambridge, PETER DAVISON is the executive editor of the Atlantic Monthly Press. He has won the competition for the Yale Series of Younger Poets with his new book, THE BREAKING OF THE DAY AND OTHER POEMS,which will be published in January.

  • What Berlin Means

    A native of Georgia who graduated from West Point in 1918, GENERAL LUCIUS D. CLAYwas the military governor of Germany and the commander in chief of the United States forces in Europe during the critical years immediately after the war. From his experience and from the observation gained on his mission to Berlin in 1961 he has drawn this assessment of what Berlin means to West Germany and to us

  • The Textbook Factory

    Until a year ago, HELMUT ROSKE was one of the department heads in the Volk and Wissen publishing company in East Berlin. This firm specializes in textbook publishing. The following vivid account shows the many ways in which knowledge can be twisted and distorted to fit the prevailing Party line.

  • The Political Cabarets: Source of Berlin's Satire

    SARAH GAINHAM has lived in Central Europe since 1947 and has witnessed most of the great events of the post-war period, including the uprising in East Germany in 1953 and the Hungarian rebellion in 1956. She is the correspondent in Bonn of the SPECTATOR of London, the oldest political weekly in England.

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