July 1954

In This Issue

Explore the July 1954 print edition below. Or to discover more writing from the pages of The Atlantic, browse the full archive.


  • Segregation and the Supreme Court

    "One should never forget the immense moral pressure of such a great judgment as that just announced, and its capacity to persuade men of good will who have been doubting and hesitating"

  • Poland

  • Churchill Was Right

    A Baltimorean who graduated from the United States Naval Academy and who subsequently saw service aboard our destroyers and battleships, HANSON W. BALDWIN has been the military editor of the New York Times since 1942, in which Year his articles earned him the Pulitzer Prize. Atlantic readers trill remember his articles in 1950 which assessed the costly mistakes we made in the Second World War and in our judgment of Soviet designs. We turn to him now for an evaluation of Winston Churchill as military strategist and world statesman.

  • Destiny, Two Women, and a Carriage

    French biographer and novelist, ANDRE MAUROISserved as liaison officer with the British Expeditionary Force in the First World War and as a captain in the French Army during World War II until the full of France. Later, when the Allied forces landed in North Africa, he joined the French colonial army under General Giraud. M. Maurois was elected to the French Academy in 1938 and is well known for his biographies of Disraeli, Byron, Dickens, and Shelley. His latest book, Lélia, a life of George Sand, was published by Harper last fall and was considered by many to be his best work. In the essay which follows he describes for Atlantic readers what he regards as the turning point in the life of Goethe.

  • Pakistan

  • Poet

  • The Wood Dove at Sandy Spring

  • And Oft of Weakness, Song

  • With Age Wisdom

  • My Naked Aunt

  • St. Philip's Church in Antigua

  • A Psychiatrist's Choice

    If you were beginning your career again, what branch of science or area of research would you choose? This question was put to one of England’s distinguished psychiatrists, the author of standard works in his field and a man who has won recognition as a teacher. His reply took the form of an article which has already been printed in England. A second paper by the same author, “Psychiatry and Spiritual Healing,”will be published in the August Atlantic, and we ask those who wish to reply to hold their fire until they have read both.

  • Vital Laughter

    FRANCES JUDGE,whose husband is Superintendent of Bandelier National Monument, near Santa Fe, New Mexico, recently left the Jackson Hole country in Wyoming where, for six years, her husband was Chief Ranger in Grand Teton National Park. Mrs. Judge spent much of her childhood in this section of Wyoming. Her story ”Second Life,”published as an Atlantic “First" in November, 1952, was about her great-grandmother, who began homesteading in Wyoming when she was over eighty years old. In her new story she gives us an unforgettable picture of her grandmother after she settled in Jackson Hole.

  • A Workable Farm Policy

    Born and reared on a farm in Idaho, EZRA TAFT BENSON is a farmers’ Secretaryof Agriculture who has shown unlimited courage in urging farm policy back toward more self-reliance and less subsidy. He attended Utah State Agricultural College and Brigham Young University, earned a degree in agricultural economics at Iowa State College. and did further graduate work at the University of California. For many years he carried on successful farming operations, and served as a county agricultural agent and specialist in service marketing. In 1939 he was appointed executive secretary of the National Council of Farmer Coöperatives.

  • Stephen Crane at Brede

    For going on four decades, EDITH R. JONES and her husband. a Massachusetts architect, have lived in an old house on the hill overlooking Marblehead Harbor with a view of the world from Cape Ann to Cape Cod. From this vantage point, her thoughts have gone back to that summer of 1899 when, as a Young girl living in England, she was absorbed into the gay household of Stephen Crane and his magnetic wife Cora. Henry James used to cycle over for tea and other guests included Joseph Conrad, Mr. and Mrs. H. G. Wells, and Ford Madox Hueffer — and she makes it sound like yesterday.

  • The Thinking of Men and Machines

  • The Sea and the Small Boy

    Author of My Name Is Aram, My Heart’s in the Highlands, The Human Comedy, and The Bicycle Rider in Beyerly Hills, WILLIAM SAROYAN has been writing since he was thirteen years old and has published more than thirty books plays. He was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for drama in 1939 for The Time of Your Life but refused the $1000 because he “already had $1000 at that time, and because commerce has no right to patronize art.”He accepted the Drama Critics’ Circle Award for the same play. “because there was no money invoiced, and because I knew some of the critics and wanted to meet the others at the free dinner. He lives in Malibu, California.

  • Statue on the Acropolis, Athens

  • Is History Predictable?

    Clergyman and author,DR. REIN HOLD NIEBUHR has been Professor of Applied Christianity at the Union Theological Seminary since 1930. He was ordained in 1915 and took up his first and only pastorate in the Bethel Evangelical Church of Detroit, where over a period of thirteen years the membership mounted from forty to more than eight hundred. In his lectures, as in his books, Dr. Niebuhr has carried on an intellect tad crusade against the complacencies of an age of reason.

  • Cotton

  • The Education of a Young Conductor

    Born in Vienna in 1912, ERICH LEINSDORF studied piano, cello, and composition at the State Academy of Music, and at the ape of twenty-two became assistant to Dr. Bruno Walter and later to Toscanini at the Salzburg Festival. After three seasons of opera and concerts in Bologna, Trieste, Florence, and San Remo, he came to the United States, where he was engaged as assistant conductor at the Metropolitan Opera in New York. Since then he has made an international career of conducting opera and symphony orchestras, and this season is his eighth as permanent conductor of the Rochester Philharmonic Orchestra.

  • The First Public Library

    Keeper of rare books and editor of publications at the Boston Public Library, ZOLTAN HARASZTIrecalls for us, in the paper which follows. the little-known figure who teas chiefly responsible for establishing the first public library in the United States. Mr. Haraszti, a scholar of wide interests, is the author of John Adams and the Prophets of Progress, an excerpt of which we published in the Atlantic a few years ago.

  • The Peripatetic Reviewer

  • The Atlantic Report on the World Today: Washington

  • Reader's Choice

  • Potpourri

  • Correction

  • Accent on Living

  • The Baseball Experts

  • The Standard Anemic Dog

  • Learn the Guitar

  • The Mouths of Babes

  • This Muff of Fur

  • Record Reviews

  • The Meet at Cabinteely

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