In This Issue
Explore the January 1954 print edition below. Or to discover more writing from the pages of The Atlantic, browse the full archive.
“The southward migration of industry from New England has too frequently taken place for causes other than normal competition and natural advantages.”
With this essay, the Atlantic resumes the series of biographical papers each of which will seek to identify and probe that moment of supreme crisis, that turning point, of a person who made history. British essayist and biographer, D. B. WYNDHLAM LEWIS lived in Paris for many years between the wars, and from this vantage point has written serious works on Louis XI, Charles V, and François Villon, From the tapestry of Loan’s past he has selected the particular strands that give life and belief to her career.
A naturalist like his father before him, FAIRFIELD OSBORN has been President of the New York Zoological Society since 1940. His interest in wildlife led, as it so often does, to an increasing vigilance towards its preservation, and this in turn to an ever-deepening concern for the conservation of all life-supporting natural resources. As the President of the Conservation Foundation, he has spread its gospel to every state in the Union, and in his two books, Our Plundered Planet (1948) and the newly issued The Limits of the Earth, he has challenged the theory that the earth is capable of supporting unlimited numbers of people.
During his thirty years as editor of the Atlantic ELLERY SEDGWICK traveled widely, wishing to see for himself what was going on in lands far from the Hub. Since his retirement in 1938 he has continued to travel, observe, and write despite the painful handicap which arthritis has imposed. He has lived abroad for the past four winters; and his colorful essays on Spain, Sicily, Portugal, and Home compose the nucleus for his next book, which he facetiously calls Europe in a Wheel Chair.
A graduate of Harvard and the Harvard Law School who served as secretary to both Judge Augustus N. Hand and Judge Learned Hand, and from 1937 as special assistant to the Attorney General of the United States, JUDGE CHARLES E. WYZANSKI, JR., was appointed to the U.S. District Court of Massachusetts in December, 1941. Speaking before a group of some two hundred editorial writers at the conclusion of their three-day conference in Cambridge, Massachusetts, Judge Wyzanski defined the meaning of morale in these invigorating words.
Before entering college in 1946, BENJAMIN DE MOTT worked for seven years at a variety of jobs in downtown New York, downtown Baltimore, in the army, and as a newspaperman and free-lance writer in If ashington, D.C. He attended Johns Hopkins and George Washington Universities and recently received a Ph.D. from Harvard. Mr. De Mott is now an instructor of English at Amherst College.
How did the Nazi cruisers Scharnhorst and Gneisenau manage to run the gantlet of British sea and air power and escape unscathed from their French base through the English Channel? CAPTAIN RUSSELL GRENFELL,who has served for over thirty years in the Royal Navy, accounts for the failure of British intercepting forces. He is widely known for his books, The Bismarck Episode, from which two excerpts appeared in the Atlantic, and Nelson the Sailor, a biographical study. His latest book is Unconditional Hatred (Devin-Adair).
A former president of the All-India Women’s Conference, DHANVANTHI RAMA RAU is the founder and president of the Family Planning Association of India. She is the wife of Sir Benegal Rama Rau, former Ambassador to the United States from India, and the mother of Santha Rama Ran, author of Home to India and East of Home. Last fall Lady Rama Rau made a cross-country lecture tour of thirty-five American cities speaking on the subject “India’s Social Revolution.”In the article which follows she describes the political and social gains achieved by women in India.
Dramatic critic, author and editor, GEORGE JEAN NATHAN first began tailing about the American theatre in 1905; and he has been regarding it ever since with mingled hope, rage, and affection. With his friend and fellow editor, Henry L. Mencken, he was instrumental in reviving The Smart Set between 1914 and 1925; and then, in 1921, they scored an instant success with their first issues of The American Mercury. Mr. Nathan is the author of many volumes of criticism, the latest being The Theatre in the Fifties, which has recently appeared under the Knopf imprint.
A wandering Englishman whose gift of languages and whose audacity remind one of Lawrence of Arabia, PATRICK LEIGH FERMOR was the British Commando who during the war commanded the operation which ambushed, captured, and evacuated General Kreipe, German Commander of the Sebastopol Division in Crete. His book, The Traveller’s Tree, a journey through the Caribbean Islands, was awarded the Heinemann Foundation Prize for 1950 and a Kemsley Prize. Now from that same rich and storied background comes this gay short novel, of which this is the second of three installments.
ELINOR GOCLDING SMITH lives in Scarsdale, New York. She has been a frequent contributor to these pages.
N. BRYLLION FAGIN is an associate professor of English at the Johns Hopkins University and director of its theater, lie is the author of several hooks, the latest being The Histrionic Mr. Foe.
GILES PLAYFAIR divides his time between London and the United States, with occasional excursions to the Continent. He hare published several of his travel articles, and he note sends this account of his trip to the four smallest states in Europe.