June 1953

In This Issue

Explore the June 1953 print edition below. Or to discover more writing from the pages of The Atlantic, browse the full archive.


  • Turkey

  • The Next Great Step in Railroading

    Despite competition, our railroads remain the backbone of American’s transportation system. What are they doing today to live up to this responsibility, to shoulder the twofold burden of transporting both the defense materials to keep us free and the civilian goods to keep our high standard of living? Here is an illuminating account of “Roller Freight,”next great step in railroading, as told by its pioneer, The Timken Roller Bearing Company.

  • Sherwood Anderson

    In 1924 WILLIAM FAULKNER was a young man who had written some poetry but no fiction. With the money he had saved while working as Postmaster of the University of Mississippi he had gone to New Orleans, and there he met Sherwood Anderson, the author of Winesburg, Ohio, who was then at the height of his success. Anderson had a germinal effect on Faulkner, and it was the example he set as a dedicated artist that started Faulkner writing novels — novels which would eventually lead to the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1949. Prompted by a memory of the man and his work, William Faulkner here describes those early days.

  • The Letters of Sherwood Anderson

    for the past two years, HOWARD MUMFORD JONES, Professor of English at Harvard,aided by Walter B. Rideout of Northwestern University, has been reading and weighing the vast amount of Sherwood Andersons correspondencealmost five thousand letters, beginning in 1916 when Anderson was just breaking into print at the age of forty. Of this number he has selected some four hundred which will be published in book form in early June by Little,Brown & Company. The three major letters which follow, together with illuminating portions of Mr. Jones’s Introduction,show why Anderson had to write and his dedication and purposes as a writer.

  • Parking in the Sky

    WILLIAM ZECKENDORF, President of Webb & Knapp, is a two-fisted fighter in the struggle for survival between the high-taxed old cities and the low-taxed and ever-spreading suburbs. In a recent talk before The Economic Club of Detroit he reminded the chief beneficiaries of the automotive industrythe automobile manufacturers and representatives of the oil industrythat they have done little to solve the problem which they have foisted on every American community: the question of where to park the millions of cars. As an investor in every type of real estatedowntown, peripheral, and ruralthis is what Zeckendorf himself would do.

  • How Much Academic Freedom?

    Scholar and author, who was born in Michigan in 1892, HOWARD MUMFORD JONES took his B.A. at the University of Wisconsin in 1914 and his M.A. at the University of Chicago. He has been Professor of English at Harvard since 1936, and was dean of the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences from 1943 to 1944, and President of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences from 1944 to 1951. Throughout his teaching career Mr. Jones has been an ardent proponent of civil liberties, and this is the gist of a talk he gave recently at Wellesley College.

  • The Atlantic Report on the World Today: Washington

  • What Is Academic Freedom? A Letter From an Alumnus

    The letter which follows was addressed to a member of the Harvard Corporation, one of the six Fellows who with the President form the highest policy-making body of the University. It was written by JOSEPH ALSOP, the political columnist, news commentator, and author, who graduated magna cum laude in 1932 and who is today a member of the Board of Overseers of Harvard University.

  • The Present Danger: A Report From the University Presidents

    The responsibilities of University presidents and faculties were freshly defined this spring by a committee of five,headed by Whitney Griswold,president of Yale University. Other members were Arthur H. Compton,chancellor of Washington University; Franklin D. Murphy,chancellor of the University of Kansas; John E. W. Sterling, president of Stanford University, and Henry W. Wriston.president of Brown. Their report was unanimously approved by the thirty-seven college heads who comprise the Association of American Universities.

  • A Stop on the Way to Texas

    WARD DORRANCE, a Missourian by birth and a Southerner by heritage and sympathy, is now living in England. Before the war, he had four books published, one of which was written on a Guggenheim Fellowship. During the war he served in the Arctic as aide to Rear-Admiral E. G. Rose, USCG, and since then he has devoted himself exclusively to writing short stories. His work has appeared in both the 0. Henry and Foley story collections.

  • Sailor, What of the Isles: To Millicent Huddleston Rogers

  • The Alleys of Marrakesh

    PETER MAYNE is an Englishman, now in his thirty-fifth year, who has been living in Morocco and who has taken up an antique life where time does not exist. in the alleys of Marrakesh. Because he wanted to write, he stopped trying to be a businessman. He was in Kashmir when the British moved out, and the Pakistanis, whom he had come to admire, invited him to serve them in their newly set up government. For two years he worked without stint in the Ministry of Refugees and Rehabilitation. Then, as the tension eased off, he decided that he would retire to another portion of the Muslim world and invite his thoughts. This is what happened.

  • Roses

    When the Editor of the Atlantic was in Santa Barbara last year, he spent a delightful afternoon in the garden of DONALD CULROSS PEVTTIE listening to Mr. Peat tie’s account of his more famous rosebushes and of others, long planted, which today defy identification. Mr. Pealtie, one of our most articulate naturalists, has recently completed his monumental book, The Natural History of Western Trees, published by Houghton Mifflin.

  • Bon Voyage

  • The Salmon of Labrador

    Engineer and inventor, graduate of Syracuse, FRED S. GIBBS is directing experimental research in the new methods and equipment to alleviate stream pollution caused by industrial wastes. Born in a small village in the foothills of the Adirondack’s, he was fishing as soon as he could walkfirst for trout and then, in his maturity, for salmon in New Brunswick rivers and in Newfoundland and Labrador.

  • Why They Rebel

    Rebellion in a household, while admittedly unpleasant to live with, disturbs DR. J. ROSWELL GALLAGHER less than too much dependence or excessive conformity. In the paper which follows he reaffirms his belief that adolescents need to develop their own personalities, their independence, and a regard for others’ rights. Dr. Gallagher is the author of Understanding Your Son’s Adolescence, a book which parents and teachers have found most helpful. He is now Chief of the new Adolescent Unit at the Children’s Medical Center in Boston, a pioneer venture into the toolong-neglected field of the care of the medical and emotional needs of this group.

  • What a Writer Seeks

    ’I am not a painter of the absurd, and I do not believe in the literature of despair.”So replies ALBERT CAMUS to those who have labeled him Existentialist and to those who would wish him to be. Essayist, playwright, journalist, Albert Camus’s highest distinction has been as a novelist, and in The Stranger and The Plague he has proven himself as one of Frances leading writers. His eloquence and vigor have been faithfully rendered in this translation by Patricia Blake.

  • The Peripatetic Reviewer

  • Books: The Editors Like

  • Reader's Choice

  • Man of Fire: J. C. Orozco

  • Solitary Confinement

  • The Financial Expert

  • Accent on Living

  • The Case of the Sober Shamus

  • Hospitality

  • Israel

  • A Tour of Duty in the Far East: Fifteen Haiku

  • Record Reviews

  • Weasels in the Corn Meal

    Thin is the second of JOSEPH HENHY JACKSON’S memoirs of Marta. The first was “All Up in a Heaval,” published in September, 1951.

  • Pleasures and Places: French Boat

    After living in California and Connecticut, JOSEPH WECHSBERG is traveling once again in Europe, whence he sends us this account of what makes a crossing in a Ereach ship different from all other modes of travel.

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