In This Issue
Explore the February 1949 print edition below. Or to discover more writing from the pages of The Atlantic, browse the full archive.
The inventor of the Slalom race looks back on fifty years of skiing.
The former head of the Manhattan Project wrote about how to advance peace in the nuclear age, just four years after he directed the construction of the world’s first atomic bomb.
Assistant Editor of the London Economist, a Governor of the BBC, and a Governor also of the Old Vic, BARBARA WARDis one of the very ablest spokesmen for post-war Britain. Her new book, The West at Bay, has been widely read on both sides of the Atlantic. Notv looking beyond the year 1952, which has been set as the goal for the Marshall Plan, Miss Ward asks of the democracies a determination to enlarge their interests and to work out currency, production, and defense problems on a lasting rather than a temporary basis.
A graduate of the New York public schools and of Barnard College, VGNES E. MEYERis today an outspoken crusader for a reritalized curriculum in our system of public education. A trenchant speaker and writer whose war studies of twenty-eight major industrial centers were published in book form under the title Journey Through Chaos, Mrs. Meyer was invited by the United Parents Associations of New York City to address their annual meeting, and on that occasion she issued this ringing challenge to our educators.
One of Britain’s most able career diplomats, ARCHIBALD CLARK KERR, Lord Inverchapel, who was a familiar figure at the Big Three Conferences at Teheran, Yalta, and Potsdam, entered the British diplomatic service in 1906. With time out for his enlistment in the Scots Guards in the First World War. he served with increasing distinction for the next four decades. He was successively Ambassador in Baghdad, '35-'38. in China, '38-'42, in Moscow, '42-'45, and in Washington. '46-'48. Now he has retired to his native heath in Scotland to farm.
A Missouri boy who took his architectural degree magna cum laude at the University of Illinois in 1931, CHARLES LUCKMANbecame President of Lever Brothers at the age of thirty-seven. One of the youngest and most outspoken of our business executives, he spent last autumn in Europe. In the course of his busy days, many of which were given to studying problems of associate companies on the Continent, he began taking note of how America with its new promise and its sense of responsibility looks to those on the other side of the big ditch.
Artist and novelist with three books to his credit and a fourth soon to be published under the Atlantic-Little, Brown imprint, FREDERICK WIGHT is the Director of Education at the Institute of Contemporary Art in Boston. The Institute is currently presenting an exhibition. American Painting in Our Century, comprising the work of fifty leading artists. Following its Boston presentation,it will be shown in Montreal, Cleveland, Colorado Springs, San Francisco, and Los Angeles. In connection with the exhibition. Mr. Wight has written, Milestones in American Painting (Chanticleer Press), from which this article is drawn.
As a soldier, war correspondent, biographer, Parliamentarian, and statesman, the Right Honorable WINSTON CHURCHILL has hit the nail on the head with phrases which will echo in men’s minds for a long time to come. In this and the preceding issue, the Atlantic has made a selection of characteristic excerpts from his speeches, correspondence, and early books — excerpts which were arranged by Colin Coote in collaboration with Denzil Batchelor and which are to be published by Houghton Mifflin in April under the title Maxims a nd Reflections.
A Southerner born in Jackson, Mississippi, and educated at the Mississippi State College for Women, the University of Wisconsin, and Columbia, EUDORA WELTY is one of the most versatile and talented of our shortstory writers. The Allan tic takes pride in having published some of her best work: her Negro stories, “A Worn Ptith" and “Livvie Is Back" (winner of the O. Henry Award in 1912); “Powerhouse.”her unforgettable picture of a jazz band; “Hello and Good-bye,”with its melting butter account of a Southern beauty contest. Beginning writers will be sure to measure their experiences in the craft with those which she now recounts.
Teacher and social scientist, OSCAR HANDLIN is a valued member of the Department of History at Harvard and one of the most thoroughgoing students of nineteenth-century New England. He has written widely on topics in American social and economic history; his Boston’s Immigrants, 17901865 is a standard reference book. Mr. Handlin is now at work on a companion volume, written from the point of view of the immigrants and dealing with their problems in this country.
A dramatist who laughs at time. GEORGE BERNARD SHAW at the age of ninety-one had no less than three plays in production on Broadway last season. Born in Dublin in July, 1856, G.B.S. spent his first twenty years in Ireland and in that time acquired the illusion, which he confesses. that the Irish are The Chosen Race.” ” I have lived for seventy-two years in England,”he writes, “but in Britain I am still a foreigner and shall die one.”
Artist and writer, TOM LEA was born in El Paso, Texas, in 1901, teas educated in the LI Paso public schools, and then moved on to Chicago, where he studied at the Art Institute and later became an assistant in muralist John Norton’s studio. In his assignments from 1941 to 1945 as a war artist and correspondent for Life, he covered more than 100,000 miles outside the United States, and at Peleliu he became the first combat artist to go in with the initial assault of an invasion. Tom has earned his living as a painter since he was nineteen years old. and West Texas and its border country have always been his base. His long veneration for the brave bulls and for the men who stand up to them came into sharp focus in 1946 and 1947 when he was painting and writing in Mexico. This abridgment of his forthcoming novel will appear in four installments.
ROBERT E. SHERWOOD left Harvard in 1917 to volunteer in the Canadian Black Watch during the First World War. On his return he began the writing of those comedies, The Road to Rome, Waterloo Bridge, Reunion in Vienna, which established his early reputation. His work acquired additional force’ and depth as the crisis abroad reached across the Atlantic, and for his plays, Idiot’s Delight, Abe Lincoln in Illinois, and There Shall Be No Night he was three times awarded the Pulitzer Prize, A confidant of F.D.R. and a friend of Harry Hopkins, he completed Roosevelt and Hopkins on Mr. Hopkins’s death.
James Bone, who was far more than four decades the Manchester Guardian’s stouthearted correspondent in London, is one of four brothers, Scotch, talented, and independent. Daring his years in Fleet Street, Mr. Bone took note of the vanishing London, and from his pen have come two delightful descriptive hooks about the city, each of them illustrated by the artist of the family. Muirhead Bone. The first, The London Perambulator, appeared in 1925; and this year, on the appearance of its sequel, London Echoing.the Editor of the Mancjester Guardian published the endearing letter from SIR MAX BEERBOHM which follows. We reprint it for those who will value these bools and the friendship behind them.