In This Issue
Explore the January 1949 print edition below. Or to discover more writing from the pages of The Atlantic, browse the full archive.
A graduate of Dartmouth who served for fourteen months as an ambulance driver with the British Eighth Army in Africa, EDGAR L. JONES was invalided home in 1943, spent the better part of a year recovering from dysentery, and then was sent as the Atlantic's correspondent to the Pacific, where in company with Ernie Pyle and other tested correspondents he observed at close hand the assaults on Iwo Jima and Okinawa.
The question of a preventive war, the question of what the Man in the Kremlin will do when Russia has the homh, the fundamental and, as yet, unresolved question of how we in our free society can reconcile the use of force with the preservation of freedom — here are the deepest, the most far-reaching issues of our time. The Atlantic is proud to publish this thoughtful analysis by President JAMES BRYANT CONANT of Harvard, one of our greatest scientists and educators and a man who knows beyond any layman the awful potentialities of the bomb.
As a soldier, war correspondent. biographer, historian, and statesman. the Right HonorableWINSTON CHURCHILLhas had the gift of hitting the nail on the head with words which have been more widely qnoted than those of any other Englishman of our time. The excerpts which follow have been arranged and provided with an introduction by Colin Coote and selected by him in collaboration with Denzil Batchelor; they are to be published in booh form by Houghton Mifflin in the early spring, under the title Maxims and Reflections.
The most eminent philosopher in the English-speaking world. GEOHGE SANTAYANA has keen working for some years on his memoirs, two volumes of which hare already appeared under the title of Persons and Places: “The Background of My Life (1944) and “The Middle Span (1945). Front the third and concluding volume, now in preparation, the Atlantic is privileged to draw this and the chapter which we published in December, under the title “A Change of Heart.”Each contains passages characteristic of Santayana at his best; each reflects his sense of detachment from his own time, and his critical and contemplative devotion to truth.
In his Journals for 1896. André Gide mentions that Francis Jammes gave him his own walking-stick; on which were caned, lengthwise„ carious verses. Among them iwre the lines: “Un écureuil avail une rose à la bouche, Un âne le traita de fou.”
Author. traveler, andoutspoken observer of American life. DAVID L. COHN is a Southerner, born in Greenville. Mississippi, educated at the University of Virginia and Yale, who has under his signature a study of nice relations in the South, Where I Was Born and Raised; a war diary covering some forty thousand miles. This Is the Story; and two amusing and edifying books on American industry and behavior. The Good Old Days and Love in America.
The Chicago Tribune recently staged a characteristic crusade an using Harvard, Yale, Princeton, and Dartmouth of trying to weaken or destroy the American Republic. Moscow, Rhodes Scholars, Wall Street, and the New Deal were among the assorted villains alleged to be influencing these colleges. But what are the credentials of the Tribune to raise (questions of allegiance and good faith? A newspaperman for more than two decades, now Curator of the Nieman Foundation in Journalism at Harvard University, Lor is M. LYONS shows the kind of journalism on which the Tribune’s “crusade" depended.
A booklover with a wonderfully true ear for the mountaineer’s speech, JAMES STILL was the librarian of the , Hindman Settlement School at the forks of Troublesome Creek in the Kentucky mountains when the Atlantic published his first short story in 1936. In 1940 he shared honors with Thomas Wolfe in the Southern Authors Award, for his novel River of Earth. After serving as a Technical Sergeant in the Army Air Forces during the tear, Mr. Still has returned to the mountains and is now living and writing near Wolfpen Track.
One of our lending American psychiatrists, GREGORY ZII.BOORG took his first M.D. at the Psychoneurological Institute of Si. Petersburg in 1917. He came to this country after the failure of Kerensky (under whom he hail screed as Secretary to the Ministry of Labor) and on the fee earned by translating He W ho Gets Slapped took his second M.D. at the College of Physicians and Surgeons at Columbia in 192(. H ith George It . Henry he is the author of A History of Medical Psychology (1941). In addition to his writing and his practice, he is consultant in psychotherapy and research at Butler Hospital in Providence. Rhode Gland.
In his senior year at Yale, JAMES YAFFE wrote the short story which follows — a work of such undeniable promise that we are reprinting it with the kind permission of the Yale Literary Magazine. Mr. Taffe, who sold six stories to Ellerv Queen’s Mystery Magazine before he got to Yale, is now, at twenty-one, a veteran living and writing in Paris. It is our hope that we shall see more of his work in the Atlantic.
Professor of English at Oxford University, LORD DAVID CECIL is a scholar, critic, and biographer of exceptional quality. His study of Couper, The Stricken Deer (1929), his volume on Dorothy Osborne and Thomas Gray. Two Quiet Lives (1948), and his charming and penetrating biography of the young Melbourne (1929) have won him many readers on both sides of the Atlantic. It is pleasant to know that he has resumed his study of Lord Melbourne’s career. The paper which follows is drawn from his new collection of essays, Poets and Story-Tellers.
English artist and writer, OsBERT LANCASTER came down from Oxford in the early thirties and studied at the Slade School. Later he became the art critic of the Observer and a cartoonist for the Daily Express, and so embarked on the, writing and drawing which hare earned him a dual reputation. During the war he lived in Greece for eighteen months in a semiofficial capacity, and the notes and sketches he made, at that time have recently appeared in his new book, Classical Landscape with Figures. Now, in wholly different vein, he devotes himself to the adventures of William de Littlehampton. the reluctant Crusader.
Novelist, editor, and biographer, SEAN O’FAOLAIN is the leading literary light in Dublin. A member of the Irish Republican Army for six years — he volunteered when he was sixteen — he returned to his studies at the Trouble’s end. In 1926 he came to Harvard as a Commonwealth Fellow, and after a period of teaching here and in England he went bach to Ireland to write. Today, still under fifty, he has in print three novels, three biographies, a piny, a travel booh, and the best short history of Ireland, The Irish.
Author, editor, and critic. RICHARD E. DANIELSON was for ten venrs the Editor of the Sportsman, and since 1940 has been President of The Atlantic Monthly Company. A lifelong student of George Washington, he gives us this thoughtful appraisal of the spacious, intimately detailed biography now being written by our foremost Southern historian. Douglas Southall Freeman, whose four-volume dejinitive life of Robert E. Lee was awarded the Pulitzer Prize in 1935 for the best American biography.
England’s leading satirists, EVELYN WAUGH was born in 1903 and educaled at Lancing School and Oxford. After graduation he spent a year in London studying arts wrote a critical biography of Dante Gabriel Rossettis and then embarked on those mordant and hilarious novels, Decline and Fall (1928), Vile Bodies (1930), and Black Mischief (1932), which took English Society for such a ride as it had not enjoyed since Thackeray. Mr. Waugh served in the Commandos during the war, and the novel which he wrote on his return, Bridesliead Revisited, marks a new depth and power in his work.