In This Issue
Explore the July 1948 print edition below. Or to discover more writing from the pages of The Atlantic, browse the full archive.
The former head of the Army's Military Intelligence Division reflects on how the U.S. underestimated Japanese military power.
Author and botanist, DONALD CULROSS PEATTIE is now working on his book, American Trees of the Northern States. “To the tree patriot,”he says, “the arch hero of them all is the American Elm.” In this paper he shows us how deep-rooted the elm is in our history; he locates some of the more famous of the ancient trees which note stretch far beyond New England, and tells of the stories that made them famous; and in his close he reminds us of the fight we now have on our hands to save this noble tree from extinction.
In this and the following article the Atlantic examines one of the most difficult of our domestic issues: the crucial balance between wages and profits. To the new world of Labor Relations, PHILIP MURRAY has brought the patience and integrity of his Scotch blood. Born in Scotland in 1886, the son of a miner, he was taken to his first union meeting by his father at the age of six, and at the age of ten began to work in the pits. The family emigrated to western Pennsylvania in 1902. Young Murray was naturalized in 1911, elected president of District No. 5 of the Mine Workers in 1916, and appointed to the War Labor Board by President Wilson. He played a leading part in organizing the steelworkers in 1936, and his election to the Presidency of the CIO four years later was characterized by the New York Herald Tribune as a fitting climax to “thirty-six years of progressive conciliatory activity among organized workers.”
Philip Murray, spokesman for the CIO, has argued that wages must be increased to keep pace with living costs and that the increases can be paid out of profits without increasing prices. SUMNER H. SLICHTER, on the other hand, believes that profits are not high enough if we are to have the expanding industrial plant which this country needs. Economist and teacher, Mr. Slichter has been a mediator in many difficult labor disputes. Born in Madison, he took his A.B. degree at the University of Wisconsin and his Ph.D. at the University of Chicago in 1918, and is today Lamont University Professor at Harvard and chairman of the Research Advisory Board of the Committee for Economic Development.
Of English parentage, MONICA STIRLING spent ten years of her girlhood in Paris. There she became a close friend of Colette and Colette’s daughter. In the early years of the war she worked in General de Gaulle’s headquarters, where her mastery of the two languages served her in good stead. After the Allied invasion she returned to France for eighteen months as the Atlantic’s correspondent.
What did PM as edited by Ralph Ingersoll prove about independent journalism? The answer is to be found in this masterly analysis by ROBERT LASCH, a leading editorial writer who served on Marshall Field’s Chicago Sun and is today one of the dependables on the staff of the Chicago Sun-Times. A graduate of the University of Nebraska, a Rhodes Scholar, and a Nieman Fellow at Harvard, Mr. Lasch is the author of an authoritative book on housing, and of the prizewinning essay in the Freedom of the Press Contest conducted by the Atlantic in 1944.
When W. SOMERSET MAUGHAM was asked to select and edit the ten best novels in world literature, he chose three novels from France, two from Russia, one from America, and four from England, and for each book he wrote an introduction. In successive issues the Atlantic has published his appraisals of Flaubert, Fielding, Balzac, Emily Brontë, Dostoevsky, Stendhal, Jane Austen, and Herman Melville. The set of the Ten Best Novels, edited and cut by Mr. Maugham, will be published by the John C. Winston Company this year.
Born and bred in Towa, ARTHUR H. CARHARTgraduated from Iowa State College in 1916. Three years later, as the first landscape architect on the regular stuff of the U.S. Forest Service, he had the responsibility of planning the human use of wild lands in six states, a total of some 23 million acres. Those were the years in which he covered most of the Rockies between Montana and New Mexico on foot, on horseback, and by car. In 1938 the Governor of Colorado asked him to organize the Wildlife Restoration program under the Pittman-Robertson Act.
Artist and teacher, PATRICK MORGAN has had one-man shows in New York and Boston, and over the past eight years has found that the teaching of art to the students at Phillips Academy, Andover, is a stimulation that works both ways. A graduate of Harvard, Class of 1926, where he took honors in Fine Arts, Mr. Morgan studied at the Beaux-Arts in 1927-1928 and under Hans Hofmann in Munich in 1931. He now has pictures in the Metropolitan Museum, in the Wadsworth Athenaeum in Hartford, and in private collections.
Author of A History of Siam, W. A. R. WOOD was formerly British Consul General at Chiengmai, Siam.
LORNA SLOCOMBE runs her own business, a typingagency, in Harvard Square, Cambridge. The deluge of manuscripts in this academic center hasn’t discouraged her from turning out some of her own.
DAVID L. GRAHAM survived water polo at Yale, taught English at the University of Georgia, and served in the Navy during the war. A former Philadelphian, he now divides his time between Freeport, Maine, and New York.
English novelist and student of history, particularly of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, C. S. FORESTER is the creator of Captain Horatio Hornblower and the author of some of the liveliest and best-written historical novels of our time. Readers who have been carried away by his stories of the sea should not overlook his remarkable novel of the First World War, The General.
Author and bibliophile, well known in England for his superlative research which led to the detection of the forgeries of the internationally respected book collector Thomas J. Wise, JOHN CARTER is a Director of Scribner’s London house. Last year he delivered the Sandars Lectures at Cambridge University — lectures which were the source material for his new book, Taste and Technique in Book-Collecting, which will be published in the early summer by the R. R. Bowker Company.