Somalis suffer heavily under Mohamed Farah Aideed’s reign and from subsequent fighting among warlords. Hussein Farah Aideed takes over after his father’s assassination.
Ethiopian forces invade and capture the regional capital of Garba Harre, which lies 250 miles northwest of Mogadishu, in order to try to suppress fighting among rebel groups.
A cholera outbreak due to unsanitary water kills hundreds of Somalis.
The United Nations declares that it will be pulling its international staff and aide workers from Somalia because of the dangerous fighting conditions and attempts at kidnapping.
The U.S. government suspects that Al-Qaeda fighters may be seeking refuge in Somalia, and announces increased military operations in region.
An interim government is inaugurated in Kenya, in hopes of putting together a central government. This is the 14th attempt since the 1991 coup. Col. Abdullahi Yusuf is elected interim president by the new governing body. The government functions in exile in neighboring Kenya.
Tsunami waves from Indonesia’s earthquake kill 300 and displace tens of thousands along the Somali coast.
The transitional government begins to return to Somalia, but there are still bitter divisions among members. Violence ensues upon their return. An assassination attempt is made on interim Prime Minister Ali Mohammed Ghedi.
Food shipments begin being hijacked off the coast of Somalia by rebel forces. Food aide programs, including the UN’s World Food Program (WFP), are suspended.
The transitional government meets for the first time since 2004 in the town of Baidoa. Deadly fighting breaks out in Mogadishu between warring militias, killing and wounding hundreds of civilians.
A militia-backed rival government to the Transitional Federal Government, called the Islamic Courts Union, seizes control of most of southern Somalia and captures Mogadishu from the U.S.-backed warlords.
Ethiopian troops reenter Somalia.
Hard-liners within the Islamic Government declare holy war against Ethiopia. Fighting begins.
Thousands of Somalis flee to Kenya to escape drought, famine, and fighting. Many flock to the Dadaab refugee camp in Kenya which has since become the largest refugee camp in the world.
|April, 2007: Bodies of those killed in street fighting in Mogadishu wait to be buried at a local cemetary.
The transitional government regains control. President Abdullahi enters Mogadishu for the first time since 2004.
A U.S. air strike kills Aden Hashi Ayro, the leader of the Al-Shabaab insurgent group.
After negotiations with the Somali government, the U.S. begins strikes in southern Somalia where Al-Qaeda suspects are allegedly hiding.
A state of emergency is declared.
The UN Security Council approves a six-month African Union peacekeeping mission that will include 8,000 troops from neighboring countries.