—Office of the Inspector General, Justice Department (www.usdoj.gov/oig/audit/0231/index.htm)
News Media's Improved Image Proves Short-Lived
Among the 1,365 respondents to one of the latest of the Pew Research Center's occasional surveys, The Wall Street Journal was seen as the most credible print source for news; CNN was seen as the most credible TV source; Tom Brokaw was, by a narrow margin, viewed as the most credible TV news person; and Geraldo Rivera was, by a wider margin, viewed as the least credible. (Among other public figures Colin Powell was seen as the most credible, followed by Oprah Winfrey and Alan Greenspan.)
The favorable glow from the media's post-9/11 performance has completely disappeared ... [T]he public's grades for news organizations have tumbled since November , on measures ranging from professionalism and patriotism to compassion and morality. Just 49% think news organizations are highly professional, down from 73% in November. If anything, the news media's rating for professionalism is now a bit lower than it was in early September , shortly before the terrorist strikes (54%).
—Pew Research Center for the People & the Press (http://people-press.org/reports/display.php3?ReportID=159)
The 2002 Brown Center Report on American Education
Athletes tend to have higher earnings than nonathletes in the ten to fifteen years after high school graduation. Why?
From the human capital perspective, high school sports enhance an individual's stock of productive resources. Athletes may learn self-discipline, how to follow directions, perseverance, and how to set goals, a valuable set of skills for success in college and the workplace.
Another explanation focuses on social capital. High school sports ... bring parents of athletes into close contact, and create dense social networks around youngsters ... If an athlete decides to do something stupid, it is likely that an adult will hear about it and have a chance to intervene. Non-athletes ... often pass through school anonymously ... Kids who go out for a team sport may be intrinsically different than others—more ambitious, harder working, more confident in themselves. Signaled of the likelihood that a person possesses these traits, educators and employers reward athletes with good grades, admission to college, good jobs, and high wages.
—The Brown Center on Education Policy at the Brookings Institution (brookings.edu/gs/brown/bc_report/2002/2002report.htm)
Education, Poverty, Political Violence, and Terrorism: Is There a Causal Connection?
Alan B. Krueger, of Princeton University, and Jitka Maleckova, of Charles University, in Prague, tentatively conclude that higher living standards may not prevent hate crimes or acts of terror—and, indeed, may promote them. "On the whole," the authors write, "we conclude that there is little reason to be optimistic that a reduction in poverty or increase in educational attainment will lead to a meaningful reduction in the amount of international terrorism."