JAMES CHACE (“Ike Was Right”) is an editor of The New York Times Book Review. He was previously the managing editor of Foreign Affairs. Chace is the author of Solvency: The Price of Survival (1981) and a co-author, with Caleb Carr, of America Invulnerable: The Quest for Absolute Security From 1812 to Star Wars, which will appear next year.

SEYMOUR CHWAST (cover artist) was born in New York City and attended the Cooper Union School of Art and Architecture, from which he graduated in 1951. He is the director of the Pushpin Group, which, as Push Pin Studios, he helped found in 1954. His work, in a variety of styles and media, has been exhibited widely in the United States and Western Europe. Chwast was inducted into the New York Art Directors Club Hall of Fame in 1985. He has designed and illustrated many books, and is the author of The Lefthanded Designer (1986).

FRED HAPGOOD (“Roden’s Eve”) has written frequently for The Atlantic about science. Hapgood is the author of Why Males Exist (1980). He is at work on a cultural study of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

DAVID OWEN (“Octane and Knock”) is a contributing editor of The Atlantic. He is the author of two books, High School (1981) and None of the Above: Behind the Myth of Scholastic Aptitude (1985).

CULLEN MURPHY (“Going to the Cats”) is the managing editor of The Atlantic.

NICHOLAS LEMANN (“New Orleans: Hard Times in the Big Easy”) is The Atlantic’s national correspondent.

BRENDAN MURPHY (“Paris: A Nation of Readers”) is an editor on the foreign desk at United Press International. He was a special correspondent in Paris from 1981 to 1986 for The Miami Herald, The Dallas Morning News, and other newspapers. Murphy is the author of The Butcher of Lyon (1983), about Klaus Barbie, and Turncoat (1987), about the British traitor Harold Cole.

ANDREW HUDGINS (“Grandmother’s Spit”) teaches English at the University of Cincinnati. He is the author of Saints and Strangers (1985).

PAMELA ALEXANDER (“Acuity”) is the author of Navigable Waterways (1985). She is at work on a series of poems about John James Audubon.

LYNNE MCMAHON (“Unbuilding”) is a lecturer in English at the University of Missouri. She is the author of Faith, to be published next February.

RODNEY JONES (“One of the Citizens”) is an associate professor of English at Southern Illinois University. He is the author of The Story They Told Us of Light (1980) and The Unborn (1985).

RONALD WALLACE (“Breakdown”) is the director of creative writing at the University of Wisconsin in Madison. His latest book, People and Dog in the Sun, was published in May.

BRIAN WICKERS (“A Seashell From the Seychelles”) will pursue an M.B.A. at the University of Manitoba this year.

JOHN WELTER (“My Store of Grievances”) is an editorial-page writer for The Kansas City Star and a reporter for The News and Observer, of Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

GUY BILLOUT (“Quicksand”) is a freelance illustrator who lives in New York. His work has received two gold and two silver medals from the Society of Illustrators. Billout’s drawings appear regularly in The Atlantic.

BETH LORDAN (“The Widow”) is a lecturer in the English department at Cornell University.

THOMAS POWERS (“The Gentle Heroes”) received a Pulitzer Prize for national reporting in 1971. His latest book, “Now We Are in Trouble" and Other Observations With a Bearing on the Problem of War in the Nuclear Age, will be published next February.

SHELDON WOLIN (“Can We Still Hear Tocqueville?”) is a professor of political philosophy at Princeton University.

PHOEBE-Lou ADAMS (Brief Reviews) is a staff writer for The Atlantic.

HOLLY BRUBACH (“Ralph Lauren’s Achievement”) is a staff writer for The Atlantic.

ELLEN RUPPEL SHELL (“Snake Oil”) is a senior writer at WGBH-TV in Boston. She reports regularly for The Atlantic on science and technology.

FRANCIS DAVIS (“Large-Scale Jazz”) writes frequently about music for The Atlantic. Davis is the author of In the Moment: Jazz in the 1980s (1986).

DOROTHY OSBORNE (Acrostic No. 25) crafts puzzles at her home in Hershey, Pennsylvania.

ANNE H. SOUKHANOV (Word Watch) is an executive editor of the trade and reference division of Houghton Mifflin, the publishers of The American Heritage Dictionary.

The August Almanac was compiled with the assistance of Gail Cleere and the staff of the U.S. Naval Observatory; Neil Spitzer, an associate editor of The Wilson Quarterly; Arthur Woodward, a research associate at the University of Rochester; Public Citizen; the Travel Industry Association of America; the National Restaurant Association; the U.S. Department of Labor; and the U.S. Postal Service.