by Jamaica Kincaid. Farrar, Straus and Giroux,$11.95. Ms. Kincaid was born in Antigua, and her short novel describes the experiences of a girl growing up in a severely correct milieu on that small island. Annie John is bright, wily, and increasingly rebellious. The novel’s considerable interest derives from the contrast between the heroine’s intense emotions and the cool, precise style in which the author records them.