IN 139 pages Sumner Welles has lucidly compressed all of the essential background to the Palestine crisis. He concludes that partition must and can be reinstated as “the definitive expression of a U.N. decision” and be backed by “an adequate force established by the United Nations.” There is no insuperable difficulty, Mr. Welles believes, about recruiting such a force from the regular armies of small nations with no direct interest in Palestine. America’s about-face on partition was a step “devoid of vision” and “seldom matched for ineptness.”
It encouraged aggression and — as shown by the bitter remarks of U.N. delegates — severely damaged U.S. moral prestige. It struck a blow at the authority of the U.N. by supporting the view (at odds with previous U.S. statements) that the Security Council is not empowered by the Charter to enforce a settlement. If that view prevails — and Welles insists that it misreads the Charter
— the structure of collective security will be shattered. Simply and unemotionally written, We Need Not Fail has a tremendous cogency.