THE cruelties and hardships of German domination in the occupied countries of Europe, and the movements, more or less organized, against this domination, are described in this symposium written, for the most part, by nationals of these countries who are living abroad. Jan Masaryk tells the story of Czechoslovakia, Genevieve Tabouis of France, Karin Michaelis of Denmark. An introduction is composed of extracts from speeches by Winston Churchill. The nature and forms of resistance vary from country to country. In the thickly settled countries of Western Europe, with their good systems of roads and communications, nothing in the nature of guerrilla warfare has yet been possible. Here and there in France there have been assassinations, and there has been a certain amount of sabotage. But, in the main, resistance in such lands as France, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Norway assumes moral forms, boycott of the invaders, nationalist demonstrations under various transparent pretexts, listening to forbidden London radio broadcasts, circulation of clandestine publications. Only the tough Yugoslavs, once they recovered from the first shock of invasion, organized armed struggle in their mountains. Any such report is necessarily fragmentary and imperfect, and the authors do not always escape the exile’s temptation to be too hopeful of speedy immediate results. But some interesting light is shed on conditions in occupied Europe, and there are some fine pieces of description, as of the venerable Paderewski standing at attention in his Swiss villa as he listens over the radio to the last playing from Warsaw of the Polish national anthem. W. H. C.