The United States and Japan's New Order

By William C. JohnstoneOXFORD UNIV. PRESS
AMERICAN relations with Japan during the last four years have been of the hot-and-cold variety. There have been periods of acute tension when some such development as the sinking of the Panay, the State Department suggestion that Americans quit the Far East, the abrogation of a commercial treaty, or the dispatch of a stiffly worded note would focus public attention on the Far Eastern situation. Then there would be lulls when, on the surface, nothing was happening. So there was a genuine need for a book like Dr. Johnstone’s, which gathers up the threads of American-Japanese relations and presents the subject as an integrated whole. Practically all the important tacts about diplomatic interchanges, legal rights and trade and investment interests of the United States in the Orient, are set forth with accuracy and scholarship. The author arrives at the obvious conclusion that AmericanJapanese relations, as regards China, are in a state of complete deadlock and suggests that this deadlock might be broken it America would bring pressure on Japan by a threat of economic sanctions to evacuate China south of the Great Wall, offering as its contribution to a genuine ‘new order’ in the Orient renunciation, with other Powers, of special privileges in China, trade concessions to Japan, and a face-saving solution of the immigration question. It is doubtful, however, whether such a program would find acceptance in a Japan today playing for much higher stakes. w. H. C.