TRY IT ON THE FAMILY
To start the New Year, Bethlehem has made at least one good resolution. It is to frame these quizzes in such a way that your friends who have a smattering of metallurgy, engineering, physics or the more rarefied chemical formulae will not have an unfair advantage over you. You’ll find that the alternatives you are offered in this set of questions on steel serve as guideposts to the correct answers. With this help a grade of 80 ought not to be uncommon.
Correct answers to the Bethlehem Quiz will be found opposite last page of Bookshelf.
1. When a learned friend tosses “soaking pit” into the conversation, you know at once the term refers to:
(a) A Chinese torture chamber in which one drop of water at a time fell on the head of the victim until he became insane.
(b) A furnace used in steel plant operation to insure complete and uniform penetration of the heat.
(c) An immersion chamber for early Christians, invented by the Emperor Diocletian in 299 A.D.
(d) A natural basin at the foot of Maiden Laney Manhattan, where the wives of the early Dutch settlers laundered their clothes.
2. In modern industrial parlance, an I-beam is:
(a) A structural steel beam with an I-shaped crosssection.
(b) A radio wave length, indicated by “I" in the call letters as in Station WINS.
(c) An airplane beacon which travels the following course, two horizontal sweeps and one vertical.
3. The noted Mr. Stiegel, who made the glassware collectors clamor for, was also famous during colonial and revolutionary days as:
(a) An architect (d) A strategist
(b) A landscape gardener (e) An iron founder
(c) A tinsmith (f) A duellist
4. A fishplate is an article of trade used in modern industry for:
(a) The background of mounted game fish.
(b) The ice-tray at fishmongers.
(c) The side plate which is bolted to the ends of adjacent railroad rails to hold them together.
(d) The metal spinner at the end of the line used in trolling for blue fish.
5. Which seven of the following accessories to feminine dress are usually made of steel:
(a)bobby pins (b) switches (c) snaps
(d) hair nets (e) hair pins (f) handbag frames
(g) scarves (h) girdles (i) compacts
(j) eyebrow pencils (k) lipstick cases
(l) shoe eyelets
6. In the production of steel the “bark” is:
(a) The noise made by a furnace when it is tapped.
(b) The wrapping around shipments of steel bars.
(c) The surface of iron ore when it is first mined, (d) The decarburized skin or layer just beneath the
scale of newly produced steel.
7. One of the following words refers to a crystal formed in the solidification of steel:
(a) malachite (c) dendrite (e) anchorite
(b) meteorite (d) parasite (f) stalactite
8. The modern automobile fender is made by being:
(a) Stamped from a sheet of cold metal.
(b) Sheared from a solid block of steel.
(c) Poured in a stream of molten metal over a Wooden block curved to the proper shape.
9. The steel industry buys large quantities of saplings each year for two of the following purposes:
(a) For reforestation and landscaping of plant grounds.
(b) To burn into charcoal.
(c) To stir molten metal and reduce the total amount of carbon in the steel, (d) To weave into screens to conceal metallurgical laboratories.
10. What steel producer is also a major shipbuilding organization and a large steel construction company?
Answers to Bethlehem Steel Quiz
(See page 3)
1. (b) A furnace in steel plant operation used to insure complete and uniform penetration of the heat. After the ingot molds have been removed, the glowing ingots are immediately transferred to the soaking pits where they are held at uniform heat prior to rolling.
2. (a) A structural steel beam with an I-shaped cross section.
3. (e) An iron founder. During part of his career, Stiegel was a prosperous and prominent iron founder with furnaces in Eastern Pennsylvania.
4. (c) The side plate which is bolted to the ends of adjacent railroad rails to hold them together.
5. (a) bobby pins (c) snaps (e) hair pins (f) handbag frames (i) compacts (k) lipstick cases (i) shoe eyelets. Feminine fripperies make up a sizable proportion of the 2440 lbs. of steel per family consumed in this country in 1937.
6. (d) The decarburized skin or layer just beneath the scale of newly produced steel.
7. (d) Dendrite. These crystals have many branches and a tree like pattern. They are also termed “pine tree" and “fir tree" crystals.
8. (a) Stamped from a sheet of cold metal.
9. (a & c) For reforestation and to landscape plant grounds; to stir molten metal and reduce the total amount of carbon in the steel.
10.Bethlehem Steel Company.