Comment on New Books

Nature and Travel. Some Salient Points in the Science of the Earth, by Sir J. William Dawson. (Harpers.) In eighteen chapters, ranging in subject from WorldMaking to Alpine and Arctic Plants in Connection with Geological History, this veteran geologist gives what he calls a “ closing deliverance on some of the more important questions ” of his science. The essays consist of lectures and papers of various kinds, produced at intervals during the author’s long career, and revised or partially rewritten to meet modern requirements. The author is a scientist of the old school, with conservative ideas on the glacial theory and evolution, but a singlehearted and enthusiastic student withal. Under the heading The Dawn of Life he chronicles the finding of Eozoon Canadense in the Laurentian rocks, a discovery which carried our knowledge of animal life back into the first period of geological history, and which is probably the chief of Sir J. W. Dawson’s many claims to distinction. — The words “twenty-seventh thousand” on the title-page of Mrs. William Starr Dana’s How to Know the Wild Flowers (Scribners) are sufficient evidence that this book has satisfactorily filled a “long-felt want.” This: edition ought to become even more popular than the previous one was, for sixty or more flower descriptions have been added, and the number of plates has been increased by nearly a half. The new plates are as excellent as the old, which means that they are very good indeed. —A new and cheaper edition of Thomas Stevens’s entertaining narrative, Around the World on a Bicycle, two volumes (Scribners), has been issued. — Birderaft, a Field Book of Two Hundred Song, Game, and Water Birds, by Mabel Osgood Wright. (Macmillan.) Some books, like some men, should be judged by their purpose rather than by its fulfillment. So judging, we have nothing but praise for this book, for its object — that of interesting people in the birds, and starting them on the way to a knowledge of them — is eminently laudable. In execution, however, it is not a complete success, owing, apparently, to an imperfect training in ornithological science on the part of its author. Thus it is not entirely to be depended upon. For instance, about one fifth of the descriptions of songs of the hundred or more song-birds are absolutely wrong, and many of the other song descriptions are very inadequate, — quite unnecessarily so. In the cases of the socalled songless birds there is often no attempt to describe the notes. Even the loon’s remarkable and characteristic call is ignored. A curious slip of the pen credits the family Scolopacidœ (sandpipers, snipes, etc.) with having bills "usually many times longer than the head.” One would think that “ many ” must mean at least six or eight, but a reference to Plate IX. Figures 1, 2, 4, 8, 9, and 10, shows that the longest bill represented is not quite twice the length of its owner’s head. The text generally has the merit of being original, but its very originality reveals the limits of the author’s experience. It also has the fault of sometimes wandering from the subject. The plates, of which ten are colored and five plain, are perhaps one of the excuses for the book’s being. They may be as good as could be expected in an inexpensive volume, but they are after all not a very good excuse. — Handbook of Birds of Eastern North America, with Keys to the Species and Descriptions of their Plumages, Nests, and Eggs, their Distribution and Migrations, and a Brief Account of their Haunts and Habits, with Introductory Chapters on the Study of Ornithology, how to Identify Birds, and how to Collect and Preserve Birds, their Nests, and Eggs, by Frank M. Chapman, Assistant Curator of the Department of Mammalogy and Ornithology in the American Museum of Natural History, New York City, etc. (Appleton.) This comprehensive title introduces a comprehensive book, in which seven hundred and sixty-six species of birds are described, with a biography of practically every one, yet so compactly put together that the volume is not too large for one’s pocket. It is a remarkably well conceived work, admirably carried out. From Mrs. Miller, Miss Merriam, Mr. Bicknell, Mr. Brewster, Dr. Dwight, Mr. Thompson, and Mr. Torrey, Mr. Chapman has secured biographies of certain species with which they are especially familiar, thus giving the volume a completeness which the work of one man alone can hardly help lacking. The book is enriched with helpful and interesting illustrations, — a colored frontispiece, a color chart, eighteen full-page plates of birds in their natural surroundings, and numerous cuts in the text. An excellent feature is the illustration, for purposes of comparison, of distinctive characters in birds which otherwise resemble each other closely, as of the tails of the two cuckoos. Mr. Chapman is not as happy in describing birds’ songs as some of his collaborators, but he is by no means alone among ornithologists in this respect. — Among the Northern Hills, by W. C. Prime (Harpers), is a volume of sketches of life, character, and nature, the scenes of most of which are presumably laid in New Hampshire, though the local coloring is not very strong. Character sketches are in the majority. These are for the most part peacefully pathetic, and there is a certain sweetness and good nature about the book, which is not without charm, though it must be confessed that the author’s pen is a little unwieldy. In the one or two nature sketches, Mr. Prime shows us that he truly loves the goddess, though he is not very successful in telling us why. —From a New England Hillside, by William Potts. (Macmillan.) Mr. Potts’s pen is as facile as Mr. Prime’s is stiff, but we are not sure that he has very much to tell us, after all. His book seems to be the work of a cultivated man who has retired to the country, at peace with the world and enjoying some of the delights of rural life without taking the trouble to put himself into very close touch with nature. The volume contains a series of short talks on many subjects of interest to cultivated people, — philosophy, chickens, art, wild flowers, music, cottagebuilding, and others. — Ten New England Blossoms and their Insect Visitors, by Clarence Moores Weed. (Houghton.) Professor Weed has given us here an interesting and instructive little book, with about sixty illustrations, many of them from photographs. The insect visitors he talks about are really boarders, or, in the language of the summer hotel, “ mealers ; ” for they pay for their bread and honey by carrying pollen from flower to flower, thus insuring to the plants that cross-fertilization which is so important to the perpetuation of a vigorous stock. The various devices adopted by flowers to attract insects and make use of their services are fascinating subjects for study, and one is almost tempted to credit the plants with intelligence and volition. Mr. Weed is doing a good work, not only in popularizing this interesting branch of botany, but in making new discoveries in a field which is by no means too well worked. The book is as beautiful as it is good. — Recreations in Botany, by Caroline A. Creevey (Harpers), is an interesting little volume, full of information about plants, native and foreign, and well illustrated. Introductory chapters give the beginner preliminary instructions and directions as to collecting and preserving specimens. A few statements here and there lead us to think that the author’s point of view is not altogether scientific. “ Botany is the easiest of all the sciences, and can be engaged in without a teacher,” was evidently written for persons who imagine that botany is the science by which we collect flowers and trace them out in Gray’s Manual. And how can any one who has walked with open eyes through the moist woods of New England say that “the tints of fungi are sombre ” ?

Fiction. Jewish Tales, by Leopold von Sacher-Masoch. Translated by Harriet Lieber Cohen. (McClurg.) This volume contains twenty-six of Saeher-Masoch’s short tales ; sketches they might better be called, perhaps, for some of them are little more than brief character studies, while the means employed to produce effects are often of the simplest. The Jew is depicted in many different countries and conditions, but those stories are the most interesting which show him in communities in eastern Europe, where he is so strong numerically that his ancient customs, prejudices, and superstitions have undergone little modification through contact with the outside world. Here, as elsewhere, the author shows an astonishingly intimate knowledge of the life of a people not his own, and his sketches are piquant and lifelike. —The New Moon, by C. E. Raimond. (Appleton.) Passages in the life of a prosperous Loudon doctor, a clever man, who, to his misery, married in early youth a phenomenally (but not impossibly) silly, weak, and superstitious woman, destined speedily to sink into a condition of chronic invalidism. She serves as an effective foil to the self-reliant, sane, and healthy young girl with whom the hero, quite unconsciously at first, falls in love, an affection consciously but innocently returned on her part, in her entire ignorance of the wife’s existence. When the inevitable explanation comes, the pair set themselves the task of converting love to friendship, at least in outward expression, and their brief afterhistory and the tragedy which ends it are told vividly and with a good deal of force and feeling. The story is one of those which, once begun, are swiftly read; though “ modern ” in tone, it has a less hazy moral atmosphere than many of its compeers, and the author shows originality as well as cleverness. — St. John’s Wooing, by M. G. McClelland. (Harpers.) The love-story of a well-born young Englishman, who, while seeking his fortune in Texas, finds there a long-lost, affectionate uncle and his household, and, on a neighboring ranch, a sweetheart. St. John’s adventures are recounted in an interesting and agreeable fashion, and both the lover and his lass are natural and sympathetic bits of portraiture. — Ministers of Grace, by Eva Wilder McGlasson. (Harpers.) A summer novelette dealing with the experiences of a little group of men and women brought together at a middle-class seaside resort. The story has an undeniably readable quality, despite the crudeness and occasional exaggeration of some of the character drawing, and the improbability of certain elements in the plot. — A Suburban Pastoral, and Other Tales, by Henry A. Beers, (Holt.) A group of eight tales, marked by delicacy and a somewhat deliberate subtlety ; marked also by an assumption of familiarity of tone which is something like the “ By George” of a pious man, more shocking than careless profanity. That is to say, one finds the writer quâ writer using free and easy language, and instinctively feels that the freedom and ease are literary properties rather than a natural air. — The Zeit-Geist, by L. Dougall. (Appleton.) Two or three distinct characters, one or two striking incidents, the rest a somewhat unformulated study of religious movements in the mind of the hero. The author protests that a novel is not made to teach theology, but that religious sentiments and opinions are a legitimate subject of its art. Our question is whether, granting the religious motive in her hero, she has not failed to express the movement of the story in action, and has had recourse to more abstract means by which to disclose character.—The Gods, Some Mortals, and Lord Wickenham, by John Oliver Hobbes. (Appleton.) Brilliant as were some of this author’s short sketches and bits of social comedy, her best work is to be found in this her first novel, in spite of its faults of construction and certain exaggerations and improbabilities in characterization and action. We suppose that a large proportion of its readers have tried, with more or less ill success, to find the significance of its title, of which we will only say that Lord Wickenham, an agreeable gentleman of whom we should be glad to know more, has exceedingly little to do with the story. The hero is Simon Warre, who has won a high position as a specialist at an age when most young doctors are in the midst of the painful struggles and small successes of their novitiate. That a very clever man, with the knowledge of the world and of men and women which a distinguished physician needs must have, should have been entrapped into a marriage with a woman like Anne Delaware, whom he does not even love, is a thing nearly incredible. It is quite so that he should not have had the strength to withstand and survive the horror and misery of his brief wedded life. Anne, who is drawn with force and vividness, and often with subtlety, soon reveals herself as a wanton, whose vileness is equaled only by her shallowness, vanity, power of self-deception, and unspeakable vulgarity. It says much for the writer’s power that, for the time, she almost persuades us to believe in her tale. For the rest, the style is, as heretofore, easily readable, bright, incisive, epigrammatic. The author handles the odious features of her scheme soberly, and with as little offense as may be ; the regret is in her choice of a subject. — Tryphena in Love, by Walter Raymond. (Dent, London : Macmillan, New York.) A charming idyl, in which pleasant realism and delicate humor are happily combined with graceful fancy and poetic feeling. Considering the predominant traits of the fiction of the day, a tale like this deserves to be received with special gratitude. The Iris Series, of which this is the first issue, is in its make-up far and away the most attractive and artistic of the numerous sets of brief novels now in course of publication, and its initial volume gives warrant for the expectation that it may also compare favorably with any of its compeers in literary quality, a hope not disproved by the second story of the series, A Lost Endeavor, by Guy Boothby, which, though by no means equaling its predecessor as a work of art, will, in constructive skill and sustained interest, rank well amongst prevailing novelettes. It is the history of the ne’er-do-well of a ducal family, dying of consumption on an island in the southern seas, who, receiving a legacy, devotes himself and his money to the rescue of a woman in one respect, at least, a greater outcast than himself. Had the outcome of the tale been less tragic, we fear that the heroine would hardly have benefited by the hero’s generosity to the extent intended by him and the writer, the latter’s legal knowledge regarding wills being curiously defective. — Tales from the Ægean, by Demetrios Bikélas. Translated by Leonard Eckstein Opdycke. (McClurg.) For the English-reading public these tales will probably be interesting chiefly as pictures of contemporary Greek life, — sketches invariably marked by simplicity, naturalness, refinement of feeling, and purity of sentiment. An excellent introduction by Mr. H. A. Huntington gives some biographical facts, together with brief comments on the author’s literary work, of which storywriting forms so small a part. — Senator Intrigue and Inspector Noseby, a Tale of Spoils, by Frances Campbell Sparhawk. (Red-Letter Publishing Co.) A brief story, designed to show the evil influences operating in Washington to undo the work of the civilization of the Indian going on in the reservations under the charge of humane superintendents. The writer is charged with a spirit of righteous indignation. — The Lady and her Tree, a Story of Society, by Charles Stokes Wayne. (The Vortex Co., Philadelphia.) A story based upon artificial life, and with just enough drapery in parts to save it from being objeetionable, but not enough to save it from being cheap. — Sant’ Ilario, by F. Marion Crawford, is No. 2 of Macmillan’s Novelists’ Library.— A Country Sweetheart, by Dora Russell. Globe Library. (Rand, MeNally & Co., Chicago.) — Sister Gratia (Satan’s Simplicity), by C. Edgar Snow. (Chas. H. Kerr & Co., Chicago.) — In the Fire of the Forge, a Romance of Old Nuremberg, by Georg Ebers. Translated from the German by Mary J. Safford. In two volumes. (Appleton.)—The Naulahka, by Rudyard Kipling and Wolcott Balestier. (Macmillan.)

Poetry and the Drama. Philip Vernon, a Tale in Prose and Verse, by S. Weir Mitchell. (The Century Co.) In fifty fair pages Dr. Mitchell has told a tale of England at the time of the Armada, in which an English earl, supposed drowned in childhood, comes back to England under the charge of a disguised Spanish priest. The disclosure of the truth finally is coincident with the dispersion of the Armada, and Philip comes to his own. There is a fine flavor to the verse, the prose being scarcely more than stage directions, so to speak, and the only thing one misses is what one is looking for in an Elizabethan dramatic sketch, a lyric. — Blue and Gold, by William S. Lord. (The Dial Press, Chicago.) A prettily printed and neatly bound volume of poems that seldom are commonplace, and often rise to genuine beauty. For the most part, however, they are cheerful, bright verses, unstrained and musical, the overflow of a responsive nature. The verses reflective of child life are sympathetic and healthful, and the sonnets indicate a good notion of what a sonnet is. But since one wishes perfection in this form of verse, we wish Mr. Lord would change “will” to “ shall ” in the fourth line of his otherwise felicitous sonnet to The Sonnet. — A Bank of Violets, Verses by Fanny H. Runnells Poole. (Putnams.)—Sappho, and Other Songs, by L. B. Pemberton. (The Author, Los Angeles, Cal.) — In Woods and Fields, by Augusta Larned. (Putnams.)—Pictures in Verse, by George Lansing Raymond. (Putnams.)

History and Biography. The Southern States of the American Union considered in their Relations to the Constitution of the United States and to the Resulting Union, by J. L. M. Curry. (Putnams.) Special pleading, by a vigorous and skillful pleader, who aims to give the South what he conceives to be its true place in the origin and history of our government, and to shield it from unjust aspersions. The author does not present any new facts, but he reviews the case so clearly from the Southern standpoint, and is generally so moderate and patriotic in tone, that the book merits the attention of Northern readers. — The Making of the Ohio Valley States, 16601837, by Samuel Adams Drake. (Scribners.) Like the companion volumes on New England, the Great West, and Virginia and the Middle Colonies, this is history told mainly in episodes and anecdotes. The episodes are so well connected, however, that the book is not merely entertaining ; it gives a good outline of the exploration, conquest, and development of the important region lying on both sides of the Ohio River, and extending northward to the Great Lakes. There are many illustrations and small maps ; but what are Washington’s Headquarters at Newburgh and Fulton’s Clermont doing in the Ohio Valley ? The reader would gladly exchange such pictures for a good general map of the section with which the book deals. — The Story of the Pilgrims, by Morton Dexter. (Congregational Sunday-School and Publishing Society.) Originally written for the Scrooby Clubs that were formed among American Congregationalists three or four years ago, some of the chapters in this book have, naturaly, a strong denominational flavor. These can be skipped without difficulty, if one pleases ; in the others there will be found a careful and well-ordered account of the Pilgrims in England, Holland, and America, with short biographical sketches of their famous leaders, and a few interesting illustrations. —The Last Voyages of the Admiral of the Ocean Sea, as related by Himself and his Companions, by Charles Paul MacKie. (McClurg.) This is a narrative of the life of Columbus from the preparations for the second voyage to the time of his death. It has numerous quotations from his letters and from the writings of Las Casas and others, all translated directly from the originals. The author defends the great admiral from the charges of hypocrisy, avarice, and ambition, which Mr. Winsor and some other writers have made against him. The book is an interesting one, and ought to help the student and general reader to an appreciation of the discoverer’s character. — Charles Francis Barnard, a Sketch of his Life and Work, by Francis Tiffany. (Houghton.) A judicious small volume, since the character was a simple one, and its main impression lies in the directness and fidelity with which a sweet and earnest nature followed one or two ways which were straight as an arrow to the mark. Mr. Barnard was a pioneer in a work among the poor which is now an accepted function of the humanitarian church, and the Warren Place Chapel in Boston was long a pillar set up to show the way. Mr. Tiffany has shown excellent judgment in keeping the reader’s eye fixed upon the distinctive features of Mr. Barnard’s life.—Letters of Celia Thaxter, edited by her Friends, A. F. and R, L. (Houghton.) Readers of The Atlantic who remember Mrs. Fields’s recent reminiscences of Mrs. Thaxter, used in this volume as a prefatory note, will welcome a collection of letters which reveal with fine catholicity the characteristics of a woman who easily dominated her work. So rare a nature is best seen when in company with friends, and there was a generous gift of herself which now becomes the gracious possession of others. One of the most delightful parts of the volume is that which contains her eager narrative of experience in travel, and the whole book makes it possible for those who never knew Mrs. Thaxter to add a singularly fine personality to their group of friends. — Oliver Cromwell, a History, comprising a Narrative of his Life, with Extracts from his Letters and Speeches, and an Account of the Political, Religious, and Military Affairs of England during his Time, by Samuel Harden Church. (Putnams.) The distinguishing quality of this work is its exceeding fairness, which makes it unique, we might almost say, among biographies of the Lord Protector, whether from friendly or unfriendly hands. Mr. Church has had access to no new material, but he has studied diligently and with understanding and insight the great body of Cromwellian literature, old and new. Though he has no special grace of style, he writes in a straightforward and unpretentious manner, which noticeably gains both in flexibility and in force as the work goes on. He sympathizes with his hero, as a biographer should, but he never becomes merely an advocate, and his volume can be heartily commended to the intelligent general reader, desirous of getting a clear impression not only of the man, but of the influences and events which moulded him. The author shows a good deal of skill in making selections from those speeches and letters of Cromwell which so vividly depict the man, and stress is justly laid on that aspect of his character too often ignored, the large religious tolerance of his later years,—a tolerance not of his age, and the more remarkable that it was conjoined with the most dogmatic as well as intense personal belief. — Oliver Cromwell, by George H. Clark, D. D. (Harpers.) A new edition of a work which aims to be a vindication rather than a history of its subject. If shadows are somewhat lacking in Dr. Clark’s portrait, it is a grateful contrast to the stupid or malignant caricatures that for two centuries usually served as presentments of Oliver, and which the greater knowledge and better wisdom of the historians of the last fifty years have by no means entirely set aside, though we do not think that vulgar, ignorant, and unhistorical misconceptions are now so general as the author seems to imagine. Be that as it may, this volume should prove a useful corrective, written as it is with warmth and enthusiasm, and in an easy-going and rather colloquial style which makes it well adapted for popular reading. Mr. Charles Dudley Warner contributes an excellent and suggestive introduction. — The Inns of Court and Chancery, by W. J. Loftie. Illustrated by Herbert Railton. (Seeley, London ; Macmillan, New York.) A new edition, smaller and less expensive, of a book which it is to be hoped will in this form reach a wide circle of readers. Greater even than in Lamb’s day, as the world-metropolis grows more crowded, more colossal, are the surprise and delight felt in passing from the Strand or Fleet Street to the ample squares, the college-like cloisters, and the lovely gardens of the Inns of Court and Chancery, where the dull, ocean-like roar of the city which encompasses them melts into a gentle murmur. Author and artist have worked harmoniously together to commemorate the charm and beauty of the places,

“Where now the studious lawyers have their bowers : ”

and the history of them, and of their most famous denizens,is told from the time when the Templars built a great house and church on a meadow sloping down to the Thames. Of architecture Mr. Loftie writes from abundant knowledge, yet not in a style too technical for the general reader. There is reason in his feeling regarding the modern Gothic, which he would term Vandalic, of certain “ restorations,” and it is to be desired that his earnest plea for the strengthening, not rebuilding, of some things now in peril may not be without its effect on those in authority.— Old European Jewries, by David Philipson, D. D. (The Jewish Publication Society, Philadelphia.) After sketching in outline the condition of the Jews in Europe before the epoch of the Crusades, which may be said to be the beginning of the era of persecution, Dr. Philipson, with some detail, describes the life of the inhabitants of the Ghetto during the centuries of suffering and degradation which followed. He writes with feeling, but with perfect self-restraint, even in discussing the Russian Pale of Settlement, the only remaining Ghetto, whose recent history might well excuse any vehemence of language. He protests earnestly against the formation of “voluntary Ghettos” in our large cities, and depicts in no uncertain language the evils and dangers sure to result therefrom. The volume fitly concludes with an interesting, though too brief study of the Ghetto in literature.

Religion. Selected Essays of James Darmesteter. The translation from the French by Helen B. Jastrow; edited, with an Introductory Memoir, by Morris Jastrow, Jr. (Houghton.) The portrait which faces this volume presents a face of singular intellectual sensitiveness, and the Memoir intimates something of the physical disability which attended Darmesteter’s short, brilliant career. The personality which thus introduces the group of essays breathes also in their pages. The passionate cry for religious unity based upon the verities of the great Hebrew prophets is noble and pathetic. It is in the utterances of such a man that one learns to feel most keenly the imperfect manifestation of a church which has not yet met the needs of a spirit like Darmesteter’s, and also to recognize a fundamental unity which suggests great possibilities of human relationship in religion. —Modern Missions in the East, their Methods, Successes, and Limitations, by Edward A. Lawrence, D. D. (Harpers.) Believing that there is a “science of missions,” and hoping to advance it, Dr. Lawrence spent nearly two years in studying the evangelizing work of the Christian church in the Orient. He went alone, at his own expense, carrying letters of recommendation from half a dozen Protestant mission boards and from Roman Catholic functionaries. He watched the everyday work of all the leading denominations, including the Greek and Roman churches, and of several different nationalities. The most important results he embodied in lectures delivered at Andover and New Haven, and now gathered into a volume which shows remarkable clearness and breadth of view, and which bristles with interesting facts and pregnant suggestions. — More distinctly historical is Rev. Dr. A. C. Thompson’s Protestant Missions, their Rise and Early Progress (Scribners), which contains eleven lectures that were delivered at the Hartford Theological Seminary. About half the book is devoted to the efforts of English, Danish, and Moravian missionaries in North America. — The Jewish Publication Society (Philadelphia) have brought out in a neat brochure Emanuel Deutsch’s essay on The Talmud, which, when first published in The Quarterly Review in 1867, made its author, then one of the under - librarians at the British Museum, famous, and still remains an admirable short study.

Education and Works of Scholarship. L’Espurgatoire Seint Patriz of Marie de France, by Thomas Atkinson Jenkins. (Alfred J. Ferris, Philadelphia.) This is a dissertation presented by the author for his degree of Ph. D. at the Johns Hopkins University, and contains an Introduction, in which he treats of the legend in literature, the Latin original, the date of the poem, and other subjects connected with Marie’s work ; an essay on the language and dialect ; the text with variant footnotes ; and finally, a body of annotations at the close. It is a satisfaction to know that the younger scholars are devoting themselves to such thorough critical work.—The Hamilton Declamation Quarterly, Vol. I. No. 1 (C. W. Bardeen, Syracuse), takes its name from the fact that its two editors, Oren Root and Brainard G. Smith, are professors in Hamilton College. Its distinctive feature, besides a fearful and wonderful marking of one piece to intimate the expression, is the introduction of selections in both prose and verse representative of contemporaneous declamation.—Four Years of Novel Reading, an Account of an Experiment in popularizing the Study of Fic tion, edited, with an Introduction, by Richard G. Moulton. (Heath.) Mr. Moulton enforces the doctrine that as fiction is not only a high form of literary art, but the most comprehensive and insistent, it should be the subject of serious study. Then an account is given of an experiment in such study in a University Extension class, and some specimens of criticism are given. We cannot say that these specimens are altogether encouraging as to the results to be reached, though we believe thoroughly in the doctrine.

Science. Sea and Land, Features of Coasts and Oceans, with Special Reference to the Life of Man, by N. S. Shaler. (Scribners.) The geology which Professor Shuler gives us in this interesting book is the science of the earth, not as it was made thousands of years ago, but as it is making itself to-day. There are two chapters on the shores of the sea, — beaches, cliffs, sanddunes, marshes, surf, etc., — a chapter on the depths of the sea, one on icebergs, and three on harbors, their formation and preservation, their influence on civilization. This introduction of a human and practical interest into the study of geology will open to many readers a new field of observation for vacation days at the seashore. In a book of this kind illustrations are almost indispensable, and those which are presented here are so interesting that one readily forgives the ugliness of the cover. — The Siouan Tribes of the East, by James Mooney; Archeologic Investigations in James and Potomac Valleys, by Gerard Fowke ; and Chinook Texts, by Franz Boas, are publications of the Bureau of American Ethnology, and, like other issues of the Bureau, are distinct contributions to science, though not altogether to popular science. (Government Printing Office, Washington.) — A new edition has appeared of Th. Ribot’s The Diseases of Personality. (The Open Court Publishing Co., Chicago.) The author has taken occasion to refer to the publications on the subject which have appeared in the ten years succeeding the first issue of his work. — The Source and Mode of Solar Energy throughout the Universe, by I. W. Heysinger. (Lippincott.) It seems that electricity not only good naturedly keeps the trolley ears in motion, but is such a general conductor and motorman of the universe that Emerson builded better than he knew when he told us to hitch our wagon to a star. — The Eve in its Relation to Health, by Chalmer Prentice, M. D. (McClurg.) It is common knowledge that a mechanical correction of abnormal vision removes the near cause of nervous disorders ; but Dr. Prentice makes a further claim, in this interesting little book, to a connection of the eye with some of the phenomena of hypnotism.

Literature and Bibliography. The sixth volume of Defoe’s Romances and Narratives, edited by George A. Aitken, and illustrated by J. B. Yeats (Dent, London ; Macmillan, New York), is The Life, Adventures, and Piracies of the Famous Captain Singleton. In the absence of such gentlemen from the activities of the world to-day, the reader may settle himself comfortably to the perusal of this matter-of-fact romance ; but we confess to finding the adventures of Captain Horn, on the whole, more entertaining. — A new edition, apparently, is preparing of Thomas Hardy’s writings. At any rate, Far from the Madding Crowd comes to us with an etching by H. Macbeth-Raeburn, a map of “ Wessex,” and a new preface by Hardy. The page is fairly good, but the book is not very well planned for a beautiful library edition. (Harpers.)—Mr. W. M. Griswold, who is his own publisher, and his own speller we may add, has prepared two pamphlets in addition to his other services to bibliography, entitled respectively A Deseriptiv List of Novels and Tales dealing with the History of North America, and A Descriptiv List of Novels and Tales dealing with Ancient History. He has arranged his lists in chronological order of subjects, so that one can follow down the ages or the centuries with his fictitious reading. The notes, critical and explanatory, are taken from good authorities. (Cambridge, Mass.)