Comment on New Books

History and Biography. History of the United States, by E. Benjamin Andrews. With Maps. Two volumes. (Scribners.) Dr. Andrews’s division of our history is interesting. llis Introduction is devoted to America before Columbus. Then follows the Fore-History, which extends to the establishment of the government in 1789. This, again, is divided into three periods, the first period, of Discovery and Settlement, from Columbus to 1660 ; but this throws out the Carolines and Georgia. The second period covers English America to the end of the French and Indian War ; that is, from 1660 to 1763. These divisions strike us as somewhat arbitrary, and as likely to disturb one’s sense of the preparatory period which proceeded with no real break until the fall of the French power. The third period carries the history forward to 1789. The first division of the history of the United States proper is well made to extend from 1789 to the end of 1814 ; but the title of the second period, Whigs and Democrats till the Dominance of the Slavery Controversy, 1814-1840, though easily justified, removes the fundamental basis of development to a sort of false bottom. The party strife was superficial beside the industrial development. For the rest, Dr. Andrews has written with his customary incisiveness, and has made his book rather an essay on the history than a close chronicle. Indeed, it would not be unfair to call it a high-class journalistic work, in which proportion is not the strongest characteristic. But what does he mean by his map of the Southern Confederacy ?— Alexander III. of Russia, by Charles Lowe. (Macmillan.) Mr. Lowe writes with what may be called a journalist’s impartiality. He has been in the thick of contemporary Russia, and he reports with animation various incidents in history illustrative of the late Czar’s attitude, and seeks to trace fairly the several threads of Russian relations with the rest of Europe. He calls in Stepniak, Curzon, and others as witnesses, and on the whole writes an open sketch. — South Africa, the Cape Colony, Natal, Orange Free State, South African Republic, and all other Territories South of the Zambesi, by George M. Theal. The Story of the Nations Series. (Putnams.) The first thought of many, on taking up this book, will probably be that South Africa can hardly be called a nation, in any proper sense of the word. But this is a matter of small consequence when an extension of the term brings into this series so lucid and well-digested a summary of the rather confusing history of the Dutch and English in that far-away land, their contests with each other and with the natives ; the annals of every state being supplemented by a succinct account of its present condition. In his larger history, which gives in detail much that is here presented in outline, Mr. Theal has shown his mastery of the subject. His narrative is straightforward and reasonable in tone, and he deals equably with all classes of that mixed population, even with the aborigines, though his views regarding them are not exactly those of the English humanitarian. He shows convincingly how the welfare and even the safety of the colonists have sometimes been sacrificed to the home government’s mistaken theories respecting the natives. As South Africa is yearly becoming a more important factor in the development of Greater Britain, this is a welcome as well as an enlightening book. — Edwin Booth, Recollections, by his Daughter, Edwina Booth Grossman. And Letters to Her and to His Friends. (The Century Co.) It is a pity that the letters of one who had such exquisite taste in costume should be placed between such ugly covers. One soon forgets, however, both covers and costumes ; for the Booth of these interesting letters is, for the most part, not the actor, but simply the man. And how attractive is the personality here revealed of the most artistic of American actors, and the most poetic, the most imaginative, of all actors of recent times ! The book, by the way, contains some excellent pictures of Booth in his more famous parts. — Historical Characters of the Reign of Queen Anne, by Mrs. M. O. W. Oliphant. (The Century Co.) An estimate of Queen Anne at once just and sympathetic is, we think, found for the first time in these pages. With her keen but kindly insight and trained skill in depicting character, Mrs. Oliphant has drawn to the life the mild, commonplace woman who was to give her name to a brilliant epoch, and be in a manner the central figure in it. The pathos of her humble feminine history is not overlooked, as it has been by masculine chroniclers, and the high light in the picture, her passion for friendship, is given its true value ; while the dazzling dominant figure of the friend is found an always enlivening presence in the scene, with a vitality so strong and enduring that it sensibly influences the now so distant observer. The studies of the Queen and the Duchess are followed by those of Swift, Defoe, and Addison. The great dean is more gently dealt with than is usual, and the opinion is maintained, and well maintained, that Stella’s lot was far from a pitiable one. In the interesting comments on Defoe’s literary art, its most perfect example is rightly found in The Journal of the Plague Year. The paper on Addison and his Spectator is written con amore, and the author’s feeling is easily shared by the reader. The volume, in its make-up, — binding, typography, and illustrations, — is an exceedingly handsome one. Especially are the admirably selected and beautifully engraved portraits a delight to the eye, after the process pictures, relevant and irrelevant, which are now lavishly scattered through so many historical works. — Life of St. Francis of Assisi, by Paul Sabatier. (Scribners.) This book, translated by Mrs. Houghton, is written by a French Protestant clergyman, and the spirit in which it is written marks well the happy change from a controversial to a sympathetic attitude on the part of Protestant scholars. M. Sabatier writes with enthusiasm and a strong admiration for his subject, with a disposition, possibly, to pare down the supernatural element, but showing in this rather a general Protestantism than a distinct antagonism. The effect of the memoir is to bring into clear light the human and very beautiful spirit of St. Francis, and to show pathetically how apparently futile was the escape of such a man from the net of ecclesiasticism which wound and wound about him, hampering him and enmeshing his disciples. — Roger Williams, the Pioneer of Religious Liberty, by Oscar S. Straus. (The Century Co.) To Roger Williams, as the first person to secure equality of rights for Jews in the New World, it is fitting that a writer of Mr. Straus’s descent should bring this earnest tribute of biography. It is a thorough record of the pioneer’s career, told as largely as possible in his own words, and turned constantly towards the light most favorable for showing forth his distinction as an apostle of religious liberty. Not the least of its virtues is that it takes a place amongst the books of recent years which show our Puritan forefathers as they really were. Roger Williams, by contrast, appears as a man almost of our own day and thought. — Pestalozzi, His Aim and Work, by Baron Roger de Guimps. (C. W. Bardeen, Syracuse.) — The Life and Educational Works of John Amos Comenius, by S. S. Laurie. (C. W. Bardeen, Syracuse.)

The Drama and Poetry. Theatricals. Second Series. The Album, The Reprobate, by Henry James. (Harpers.) In a preface, Mr. James says of the unacted play that has been put into print, “This sealing of its doom constitutes precisely the ground for an obituary notice.” This notice, in the present instance, is in effect a recital of the difficulties that beset the way of a dramatic writer, particularly one who has turned to the stage from other fields. The little essay is most characteristic and readable. The comedies that follow it suffer from the same disabilities which marked the Theatricals published last year. The sententiousness of the dialogue belongs much more to the writer — especially as he is Mr. James — than to the persons of every-day life who are represented. They are cast, in great measure, in a single mould, and it is no more surprising to hear one than another make answer thus to an eager question : “My attestation was unconscious of its fallacy.” It may not be quite fair to pick out a single line of this sort, but it indicates a general tendency which makes for anything but spontaneity and the mirrored reproduction of life as it is lived. — Judah, an Original Play in Three Acts, by Henry Arthur Jones. (Macmillan.) The mere fact of the publication of this play by a house of the first standing is another sign that contemporary drama has in it something closely akin to literature. A still surer sign, in the present instance, is that the play reads nearly, if not quite as well as it acts. Its performance by Mr. Willard is so well remembered that nothing need be said of its plot. In the reading, there is, perhaps, one gain over the stage presentation of the play. It was hard to believe that just such a person as Mr. Willard made Judah Llewellyn could have spoken so promptly the lies which his love for Vashti wrung from him. As one reads the play, with no strongly visualized personality of the young minister before one’s eyes, the fall from truth is somehow more readily condoned. Has Mr. Willard presented Judah in his first estate as too true a person, or has Mr. Jones written the lines with too convincing an effect ? — The Second Mrs. Tanqueray, a Play in Four Acts, by A. W. Pinero. (Walter H. Baker & Co., Boston.) Given such an idiot as the first Mr. Tanqueray, and all the rest follows. — Because I Love You, Poems of Love, selected and arranged by Anna E. Mack. (Lee & Shepard.) All sentiments, bitter and sweet, from our lyric poets are brought together for this volume. That it has limitations as a complete anthology of the tender passion appears in the omission of Shakespeare and the restriction of Byron to a single short bit. Yet there are many charming things, as there must needs be in the sum of any wide selection of this nature from the poets. A slip from the publishers defines the work as “ a rare book to con over with a sweetheart, or from which to select sentiments to accompany a gift of flowers.” Here, at least, is a practical suggestion for its future. Let the florists keep it in their shops, as their druggist brethren keep the directory. — An Imaged World, Poems in Prose, by Edward Garnett. With Five Drawings by William Hyde. (Dent, London ; Macmillan, New York.) To the senses of touch and sight this is a charming book. To the mind and emotions its appeal lies in the writer’s imaginative pictures of a lover’s thoughts in autumn,”in grey crowds,” and in spring. It is the second series of these impressions that makes the strongest effect, for the sights and suggestions of London dethrone, for the time, the more usual rhapsodies of the lover, and in the streets and hospitals such images are presented to his mind as to make themselves felt also in the imagination of the reader. It may be seen, therefore, why the book is classed with poetry. — Verses and Fly Leaves, by Charles Stuart Calverley. (Putnams.) It is a pleasure to think that this new, pretty edition of Calverley’s book will introduce him to readers who have perhaps known his name only, hitherto. Scholars especially, or we may better say well-read persons, will find genuine delight in this plaything of literature. Parodies, charades, Dickens examination - papers, light chaff, all in the best of good taste, make a book which does for literature what Praed did for society. — Adirondack Readings, by Edward Sherwood Creamer. (Charles Wells Moulton, Buffalo.) — Nathan the Wise, a Dramatic Poem in Five Acts, translated from the German of G. E. Lessing. (John P. Hopkins, Printer, New Orleans.) — The Songs that Quinte Sang, by Marie Joussaye. (Sun Printing and Publishing Co., Belleville, Can.) — Good Night, Sehatz ! Realistic Joke and Earnest in One Act. By Adolf Hepner. (St. Louis News Co., St. Louis.) — Oh, Slander not the South ! or Two Virginians, by the Author of A Tribute to Grover Cleveland. (Printed by the Stillings Press, Boston.)

Nature and Travel. Riverby, by John Burroughs. (Houghton.) That Mr. Burroughs names his latest collection of papers after his place on the Hudson not only gives a personal flavor which his readers will appreciate, but emphasizes the fact that he is at home among the scenes which he describes. Now and then, as in his paper on the Mammoth Cave or on the Blue Grass Country of Kentucky, he strays from his doorstep, but tor the most part he enforces the delightful acquaintance with the world which lies in our own ken. There is about these later essays a mellowness, a genial leisure, which draws the reader into a charmed circle, and gives him a sense at once of wide outlook and close scrutiny. — A Florida Sketch Book, by Bradford Torrey. (Houghton.) Many of the papers in this volume have appeared already in The Atlantic, where they charmed by the lettered vagrancy which marked them. Mr. Torrey is a most discreet rambler. His walks lead him always to something interesting, yet they are not painfully purposeful. As a companion before one goes to Florida, after one comes back, and while one is not even contemplating the journey, he is most agreeable, gently insistent, but never tedious. — In Bird Land, by Leander S. Keyser. (McClurg.) A pleasing collection of sketches from outdoor observation by one who has not only a keen eye, but a humane spirit. The neighborhood of his observation was that of Springfield, Ohio; but the true bird-lover, though he marks his locality, is no more confined to that locality than a student of human kind is interesting only to his immediate neighbors. Mr. Keyser devotes a chapter to an anthology drawn from Lowell. — The Birds’ Calendar, by H. E. Parkhurst. (Scribners.) An informal diary of a year’s observations, made in the intervals of business, in Central Park, New York, and practically confined there to the Ramble. But in looking for birds the writer saw many other signs of nature, and the book becomes full of interest thus as a local stimulant, besides being agreeable reading to the lover ot outdoor literature, — Voyage of the Liberdade, by Captain Joshua Slocum. (Roberts.) A sea-captain’s true story of the loss of his bark, tbe Aquidneck, on tbe South American coast, and his building a craft, thirty-five feet over all, in which he sailed safely from the scene of his wreck to Washington. The first half of the volume is given up to the story of the Aquidneck ; and but for the good salt flavor which pervades the whole narrative, this seems rather a pity, for the Liberdade part of the tale is the really extraordinary and sufficient cause for writing the book, — Our Animal Friends is an illustrated monthly magazine, published by the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, New York. The bound volume, covering the year beginning September, 1893, shows very well the scope of the publication. A few important documents, like laws, annual addresses, and the like, are preserved, but the conductors wisely give up a considerable portion of space to anecdotes, narratives, and practical suggestions. —The (Georgian Bay, an Account of its Position, Inhabitants, Mineral Interests, Fish, Timber, and other Resources, by James Cleland Hamilton. (James Bain & Son, Toronto.) — Four Months in New Hampshire, a Story of Love and Dumb Animals. Gold Mine Series, No. 3. Sequel to Black Beauty. (American Humane Education Society, Boston.) — Observations of a Traveler, by Louis Lombard. (Louis Lombard, Utica, N. Y.)

Literature and Literary History. A Little English Gallery, by Louise Imogen Gniney. (Harpers.) Miss Guiney has dedicated her painstaking and scholarly studies of Lady Danvers, of Vaughan, of Farquhar, of Beauclerk and Langton, and of William Hazlitt much too modestly to Edmund Gosse as a “ friendly trespass on his fields.” Just as the phrase is his who turns it best, so is the field hers who makes it yield most abundantly. Miss Guiney has proved that her title to a goodly patch in the spacious domain of three centuries is at least quite as sound as anybody’s. She has, moreover, proved her right to a place among the American essayists with whom the publishers have associated her. For her style abounds in the firm, fine strokes that tell. It is always stronger, perhaps, in the selection of details than in the arrangement of them, but this is least notably the case in her hearty, wholesouled appreciation of Hazlitt. — Wereferred to Dent’s sumptuous edition of Sir Thomas Malory’s Le Morte Darthur when the first volume appeared. That contained Professor Rhys’s Introduction, and Mr. Aubrey Beardsley’s — we hesitate to call them illustrations; perhaps “ accompaniment ” will do. The second volume, completing the work, is now at hand, and we have an opportunity to see how Mr. Beardsley’s work stands familiarity, for he and his disciples have been busy with the new gospel of art since the first volume was published. Little is sacrificed to grace. Now and then, as in tbe frontispiece, there is an austerity of sweetness which commands admiration; but for the most part, the frank, audacious, if you please, subordination of every other purpose to the glorification of the stencil in art leads to striking decorative effects, and occasionally permits a certain solemnity in the figure and suggestive symbolism. We may accept Beardsley, but Heaven preserve us from Beardsleyites ! — A History of English Literature, by J. L. Robertson. (Harpers.) This textbook for secondary schools ambitiously undertakes to cover the ground from 419 to 1894 ! It carries out this purpose merely, of course, in the most general way, — only by taking the longest and most rapid strides. In doing so, it makes some curious omissions and observes some strange proportions. At its best, however, it is good enough in its way — a very bad way — as a fund of bare fact and accepted opinion, as so much grist to be ground in the examination-mill. — Studies in Mediæval Life and Literature, by Edward Tompkins McLaughlin. (Putnams.) Professor Lounsbury laments, in an Introduction, the loss Yale University has suffered in the death of the young teacher and student a part of whose work is represented by the six essays of this little volume. That it is the work of a person from whom good fruits of scholarship might have been expected appears clearly enough. The essays are rather the result of research and resuscitation than of creative thought ; nor are they conspicuously “ literary ” in feeling ; but such a paper as Ulrich von Lichtenstein, the Memoirs of an Old German Gallant, has a distinct value in the telling of a quaint, utterly mediæval story of chivalry. In A Mediæval Woman, too, the tale of Heloise and Abelard is retold with such understanding and clearness of vision as to leave one thoroughly regretful that the end of the book is the end of the writer’s work. — American Song, a Collection of Representative American Poems, with Analytical and Critical Studies of the Writers, with Introductions and Notes by Arthur B. Simonds. (Putnams.) The singers represented in this volume are grouped in sequence as Classics, Pre-eminent Later Writers, Forerunners, At Swords’ Points (war-poets), and Contemporaries. It will be seen that, aside from the strange chronological order which results, a certain lapping over of class upon class is inevitable. We must confess, moreover, to a failure to grasp the author’s principle of selection. Two out of the three “ representative poems ” by Dr. Holmes are On Sending a Punch Bowl and The Stethoscope Song. Joaquin Miller is represented by five poems of some length, and for Mr. Aldrich’s work the slight lyric of two stanzas, Wedded, is the sole voucher. At its best, the book could hardly have been a work destined to fill a “ long-felt want,” and with its various shortcomings one cannot see for it any very distinct career of usefulness. — For Twelfth Night and All ’s Well that Ends Well, in Dent’s Temple Shakespeare (Macmillan), the etchings are of the courtyard of the Grammar School and Middle Temple Hall. — The latest couple of tin’ same series includes A Winter’s Tale and King John. Mr. Gollancz’s prefaces are, as before, excellent examples of editorial self-restraint, and the glossaries and notes are helpful and pertinent. The etched frontispieces are the kitchen in Shakespeare’s birthplace and King John’s tomb in Rouen Cathedral.

Education and Instruction. Practical Elements of Elocution, designed us a TextBook for the Guidance of Teachers and Students of Expression, by Robert I. Fulton and Thomas C. Trueblood. (Ginn.) “ Clenched. (Fig. 16.) In the hand clenched the Mental fingers are drawn into the hollow of the Emotive palm and locked under the strong clasp of the Vital thumb, making a formidable weapon of attack.” This, and more, with a picture, is thought necessary to give “ Teachers and Students of Expression ” a fair idea of a fist. It is quoted here as showing the method employed in large measure by the writers of the book. It is one of those educational works which carefully describe an infinite number of technical points, and therein tell many things which most of us know without being told. It is eminently fitted, however, for the making of “ elocutionists.” — Curb, Snaffle, and Spur, by E. L. Anderson. (Little, Brown & Co.) A clear and firm presentation of a method — akin to military discipline — of training young horses for the cavalry service, and for general use under the saddle. — History of Higher Education in Rhode Island, by William Howe Tolman. (United States Bureau of Education, Government Printing Office, Washington.) — The Questions and Answers in American History, Civil Government, and School Law, given at the Uniform Examinations of the State of New York. (C. W. Bardeen, Syracuse.)— From the same publisher we have Boys as They are Made, and how to Remake Them, by Franklin H. Briggs. — Henry Holt & Co. send us Marianne, par George Sand, with Explanatory Notes by Théodore Henckels, and A Laboratory Course In Invertebrate Zo·logy, by Hermon C. Bumpus. — D. C. Heath & Co. publish Mathematics for Common Schools, in three volumes, by John H. Walsh. Part I., An Elementary Arithmetic. Part II., Intermediate Arithmetic. Part III., Higher Arithmetic. Also, Geometry for Grammar Schools, by E. Hunt ; Stories of Old Greece, by Emma M. Frith; and My Saturday Bird Class, by Margaret Miller.

Books of Reference. Comprehensive Index of the Publications of the United States Government, 1889-1893, by John G. Ames. (Government Printing Office, Washington.) A valuable because carefully studied and well-devised index. The editor has had many difficulties to overcome, but his method appeals to the judgment, since it is a subject index, yet gives the material by which one can tell at a glance who was the author of the document, from which department it issued, and in what shape it is to be found. An index of personal names, again, enables one to trace the work of any one man. Such an index published once in five years, and accessible as a card catalogue meanwhile, is simply indispensable. — Sixth Annual Report of the Statistics of Railways in the United States, for the Year ending dune 30, 1893, prepared by the Statistician to the Interstate Commerce Commission. (Government Printing Office, Washington.) Is this work by the government to crowd Poor’s useful manual out of existence ?— The Navigator’s Pocket-Book, filled with Pure Gold, arranged for Immediate Reference to any Navigation Subject, by Captain Howard Patterson. (Scribners.) We print but a small part of the title-page of what appears to be an excellent little book of reference for those who follow the sea. It is too much to suppose that a landsman armed with this work, and entrusted with the navigation of a ship, could bring her into port ; but if, as a passenger, he should keep the small volume in his stateroom, and from time to time, on deck and in the smoking-room, should give vent to the results of his studies from it, he might easily pass as a sea-going person. For more practical ends, the book contains many concise definitions and rules of nautical procedure. — Five Thousand Words Often Misspelled, by William Henry P. Phyfe. (Putnams.) We do not mean to say that Mr. Phyfe often misspells these five thousand words, any more than that he is in the habit of mispronouncing the seven thousand which made up the bulk of his previous book. He merely sets them down correctly spelled, and provides the reader with various rules. Thereto he adds the rules and list of amended spellings recommended by the Philological Society of London and the American Philological Association. In his own list of five thousand there must, be some hundreds that are not often misspelled, for the simple reason that they are not spelled at all. Monocotyledon is one of these, and though is another. Hieroglyfic is more often used, but without a ph would not some of us suspect it of being in the wrong list ? — The latest two issues of Murray’s A New English Dictionary (Macmillan) cover the opening pages respectively of Volumes III. and IV., D-Deceit, F-Fang. The articles Day and Face, of eight and eleven columns each, indicate the fullness of the treatment, and such words as fad and daisy — the latter in its slang use — the freshness of the matter. In order to give the results of all this inquiry as promptly as possible, the conductors of the enterprise purpose publishing a section of sixty-four pages in each of two letters once a quarter. D and F are now racing.

Books for and about the Young. Beckonings from Little Hands. (John D. Wattles, Philadelphia.) The author of this little book intimates quite distinctly that these eight studies in child life were made from nature, and are as close to real life as he could make them without throwing aside absolutely the veil of privacy. They have a distinct value as interpretative of childhood in some of its more evasive expression. One suspects possibly a somewhat highstrung temper in the domestic life thus disclosed, and to some it will seem as if the child who is principally concerned lived in a rarefied atmosphere ; but there is much delicate discrimination in tire observation, and in these days, when we are in danger of a too severely scientific spirit in the examination of childhood, it is very well to be reminded that there is often to be discovered in the child’s nature lofty-vaulted chambers to be entered by very low doorways. — The Wagner Story-Book, by William Henry Frost. (Scribners.) Gazing into the tire, the narrator sees the stories of the music-dramas unfold themselves in blazing log or glowing embers, and with such adaptation as may be needful he tells them to a child, — tells them in the right tone, simply, yet with imagination and feeling. But why should every opera appear under an alias, and the characters have no names at all, with the single exception of Venus ? — certainly an invidious distinction. If the Knight and the Princess, why not the Goddess ?— Olaf the Glorious, by Robert Leighton. (Scribners.) Longfellow, in his Saga of King Olaf, has made that valiant warrior well known to the young English reading world, and Mr. Leighton essays to tell the same story in prose and in much greater detail. He follows the life of his hero, as recorded in the Heimskringla, with incidental help from old English chronicles, from his boyhood of slavery in Esthonia to his death, king of Norway, in the glorious defeat at Svold. It is an exciting history, full of incident and variety, and is set forth in a simple, dignified, and yet vigorous style, well in keeping with the subject, as are also the fictitious adornments of the narrative. The tale is alive, a quality not always found in attempts to revivify old Scandinavia for youthful readers. — The young Norseman of to-day appears in several different guises in Norseland Tales, by Hjalmar Hjorth Boyesen (Scribners), and, like his Viking ancestors, — though a more welcome guest, — often in other lands than his own. The stories are brightly written and easily readable, and range in subject from a not too severe realism to fairy lore, including a liberal sprinkling of adventure. — Little Miss Faith, by Grace Le Baron. (Lee & Shepard.) A story for children, of a little girl’s country week, wherein she brings great comfort to one of her own age, the angelic invalid, Miss Faith. The tale is rather stiff in style, and the incidents are drawn from story-books rather than from life. — The White Cave, by William O. Stoddard. (The Century Co.) A spirited story of exciting adventure in the Australian bush. There is an outlaw in a wonderful cave with bags of gold galore, who of course proves to be the brother of one of the English traveling gentlefolk who share certain dangers with him, — dangers which at times threaten to annihilate the whole party, though the reader never loses confidence in the author’s ingenuity, which will make escape possible for all but the undeserving. — Toinette’s Philip, by Mrs. C. V. Jamison. (The Century Co.) A juvenile romance, whose plot is worked out by the aid of some too familiar devices. But the writer is an agreeable as well as a skillful raconteur, aud her youthful audience will enjoy the story without being conscious of the artificiality of certain portions of it. — The Story of Alexander Retold from the Originals, by Robert Steele. (Macmillan.) The Man who Married the Moon, by Charles F. Lummis. (The Century Co.) Two books which every child ought to own, and which, like most others of the same sort, are for elder folk, also, brimful of delight. In the former, Mr. Steele has told, in an English style of some distinction, the tale that used to be heard, when this big world of ours was younger, in the ruddy glow of castle halls ; and in the latter, Mr. Lummis has translated some stories that are told even now to groups of dusky, wideeyed Indian boys and girls in the pueblos along the Rio Grande. This Indian folklore, as the product of a crude but slowly unfolding imagination, seems to us akin — too remotely, perhaps, to mention it in the same breath — to the old-time legend of Alexander. The print, paper, and binding of Mr. Steele’s book, by the way, and the illustrations by Fred Mason, are worthy of especial mention.

Fiction. The Royal Marine, an Idyl of Narragansett Pier, by Brander Matthews. (Harpers.) The climate of Rhode Island is well known to affect strangers with somnolence, but it has rarely, if ever, been so potent as to make the hero of a “ Little Novel ” (for so the series to which this tale belongs is named) forget whether he has proposed to the heroine in a waking or a sleeping moment. On so important a point the main interest of this story of a “ summer girl ” hangs. One should not expect too much of seriousness, however, in an Idyl of Narragansett Pier ; and one’s gratefulness would not be less if the clever old spinster of the tale had said more things as good as her definition of reading the Sunday papers, — a Half Hour with the Worst Authors.— P’tit Matinic, and Other Monotones, bv George Wharton Edwards. (The Century Co.) A group of artist sketches, partly from life, apparently, and partly from imagination, all touched with a somewhat large brush used lightly. The book is a fantastic piece of bibiiopegy. — The Chase of Saint-Castin, and Other Stories of the French in the New World, by Mary Hartwell Catlierwood. (Houghton.) Seven stories, all but one of which have been printed in The Atlantic. Now that they are brought together, one sees how deftly Mrs. Catherwood has strung her beads, and how skillfully she has touched, one by one, points of contact between Englishman, Frenchman, and Indian. The swift course of each story, also, illustrates well the art which the author has learned of sparing nothing from and adding nothing to the needed strokes. — The Rousing of Mrs. Potter, and Other Stories, by Gertrude Smith. (Houghton.) These are tales rather of promise than of achievement. The first one, to be sure, has an amusing plan, and is effectively enough told. But most of the others strike one with a lack of firmness and “ grip.” They are generally stories of Western life ; not of the stirring frontier, but of the dull country which has settled down into the unhappy way of mistaking small things for great. There are touches of reality in nearly all the stories strong enough to remind one that the true significance of the small things can be brought out by just the right handling ; and it is in these touches rather than in the completed tales that the hope of more distinctive work from the new writer is encouraged.— No Enemy (But Himself), by Elbert Hubbard. (Putnams.) The hero of this rather scrambling story is a rich New York bachelor, who takes to the road as a tramp, and, after a battle with drink, walks himself and a girl he has befriended, thinking her at first a boy, into the East River, where they are both drowned. In the tramp period of the tale there is a failshare of humor of the type affected by the vaudeville comedian. An audacious wit to whom the world “ owes a living ” has many chances of saying funny things to the farmers’ wives and others who supply him with food ; and into the mouth of his hero Mr. Hubbard has put a deal of the waggishness which newspapers attribute to the tramp mind. It is needless to say that this humor is of the broader type ; but such as it is, it stands out as the most successful element of the book. — Paving the Way, a Romance of the Australian Bush, by Simpson Newland. (Hay & Bird, London.) — The Redemption of the Brahman, a Novel, by Richard Garbe. (Open Court Publishing Co., Chicago.) — The Abraham Lincoln Myth, an Essay in “Higher Criticism,” by Bocardo Bramantip. (Mascot Publishing Co., New York. ) — The Unknown Life of Jesus Christ, by the Discoverer of the Manuscript, Nicolas Notovitch. Translated from the French by Alexina Loranger. (Rand, McNally & Co., Chicago and New York.) — A Story from Pnllmantown, by Nico Bech-Meyer, and Elsic, a Christmas Story, from the Norwegian of Alexander L. Kjelland, by Miles Menander Dawson. (Charles H. Kerr & Co., Chicago.)

Music. The Church Hymnal, Revised and Enlarged. Edited by Rev. Charles L. Hutchins. (The Parish Choir, Boston.) The edition of this well-known Hymnal to which we wish to call attention is the Organ edition, the copies of which measure 8 by 12 inches. The book is printed in large, bold type, in both music and words; it is flexible in binding, and must rejoice the heart of every organist who is obliged to bend over his instrument to make out the notes in his ordinary Hymnal. As a piece of book-making, the Organ Hymnal is admirable, in good taste, and with nice regard for all the proportions to be observed. — Observations of a Musician, by Louis Lombard, Second Edition, Augmented. (Louis Lombard, Utica, N. Y.)

Religion and Philosophy. The Pilgrim of the Infinite, a Discourse addressed to Advanced Religious Thinkers on Christian Lines, by William Davies. (Macmillan.) Mr. Davies will be remembered as the author of the discriminating sketch of James Smetham prefixed to the Letters of that artist. In this little volume he has a dozen chapters pointing to a high conception of the personal relations of man to God. The divine in us is postulated, and with temperate, well-weighed words he makes his appeal to this consciousness, seeking to strip his subject of merely conventional dress, and to lay bare those depths of the soul which appear when great waves of life — like suffering, for example — sweep over it. The single-mindedness of the thought is its special charm. The author writes with a sincerity and confidence which give weight to his words. — The Deeper Meanings, by Frederic A. Hinckley. (Geo. H. Ellis, Boston.) The four exhortations which fill this small book are not sermons, as the word is commonly understood, so much as moral discourses with an intention that is religions in the broader sense. They are all pleas for a higher spirituality in human life, and have the clear merit of sincerity.— The Philosophy of Mental Healing, a Practical Exposition of Natural Restorative Power, by Leander Edmund Whipple. (Metaphysical Publishing Co., New York.) — Philosophy of Reality. Should it be Favored by America ? By James McCosh. (Scribners.) — The Supreme Rite of Christianity, by Frank Hallam. (Baughman Stationery Co. Print, Richmond.) — Uplifts of Heart and Will, Religious Aspirations in Prose and Verse, by James H. West. (Geo. H. Ellis, Boston.) — A Broader Christianity, an Essay on the Direct Teaching of Jesus, by Philo Hall. (Lovell Brothers Co., New York.) — HeartBeats, by P. C. Mozoomdar. With a Biographical Sketch of the Author, by Samuel J. Barrows. (Geo. H. Ellis, Boston.) — The New Bible and its New Uses, by Joseph Henry Crooker. (Geo. H. Ellis, Boston.) — What is Inspiration ? A Fresh Study of the Question, with New and Discriminative Replies. By John DeWitt. (Randolph, New York.) — The Purpose of God, by Joseph Smith Dodge. (Uiversalist Publishing House, Boston.) — The Religion of Moses, by Adolph Moses. (Flexner Brothers, Louisville.)

Social Philosophy. Socialism, the Fabian Essays, edited by G. Bernard Shaw. With an Essay on the Fabian Society and its Work, by William Clarke. (Charles E. Brown & Co., Boston.) An American edition of a collection of papers which in England have been taken as the programme of the opportunists in the socialistic party. It is introduced here by Mr. Bellamy, who takes pains to show that the Nationalists accept the socialistic creed, but go farther. The main interest of the book for American readers is in the survey which it gives of the current opinions of intelligent Englishmen on the relation which industrialism bears to society at large. — A new edition of Andrew Carnegie’s Triumphant Democracy has been brought out by the Messrs. Scribners. Except in its revised statistics, which are based on the census of 1890, it does not differ materially from the earlier issues of the work. — The Social Contract, or The Principles of Political Rights, by Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Translated by Rose M. Harrington, with Introduction and Notes by Edward L. Walter. (Putnams.) — Political Reform by the Representation of Minorities, by Matthias N. Forney. (The Author, New York.) — Primary Elections, a Study of Methods for Improving the Basis of Party Organization, by Daniel S. Remsen. (Putnams.) — The Annual General Meeting of the Cobden Club, 1894, with the Committees’ Reports and Speeches. (Printed for the Cobden Club.)