Comment on New Books

Illustrated and Holiday Books. Pen Drawing and Pen Draughtsmen, their Work and their Methods, a Study of the Art To-Day, with Technical Suggestions, by Joseph Pennell. (Macmillan.) A second edition, revised and considerably changed, of a book published five years ago. Mr. Pennell writes and selects his illustrations for artists, and for them only. In his brusque, and one may even say at times ill-mannered text, he seems rather scornful of all other persons. He is, it is true, dealing exclusively with technique, and it is not surprising that an artist who has himself won high distinction in the field of pen drawing, and has made a constant study of the subject since his first edition, should speak with authority and confidence. Nevertheless, if Mr. Pennell, with his cocksureness, is meekly accepted by artists as a final court, things are different in the world of art from what they are in the world of letters. The book is a very handsome one, and the ignorant general reader will get a great deal of pleasure out of it on his own behalf. — The Life of Christ as Represented in Art, by Frederick W. Farrar. (Macmillan.) Archdeacon Farrar takes a somewhat more modest position in this work than in his The Life of Christ. He is but the showman of the painters, and he trusts wisely to the best historians and critics of art. It need scarcely be said that he is occupied quite exclusively with the subject and its treatment from a subjective point of view, and refrains from any technical criticism. The book, with its abundant illustration, becomes thus a convenient and most interesting study of the relation which art in the several great periods has borne toward the central figure of the world. It is possible that Archdeacon Farrar has not wholly considered the purely artistic side of his subject, and has referred sometimes to piety what was due to a painter’s delight in his subject, or even to the demands of his patron ; and he has brought occasionally a nineteenth-century feeling to bear on products of an earlier period; but his book will be found serviceable.— A delightful edition of Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice is that just issued, with a preface by George Saintsbury, and illustrations by Hugh Thomson. (George Allen, London; Macmillan, New York.) Mr. Thomson has reproduced capitally the characters of his figures, and given a grace and daintiness to the costumes which half suggests a masquerade of ladies and gentlemen, but has none of the histrionic look which is apt to mar pictures of a revived beginning of the century. It is a great pity that the publishers, in their commercial anxiety, have defaced so many of the pictures with a copyright motto. It is a pleasure to have one of Jane Austen’s tales in such fair type and with such charming bits of illustration.— Hypatia, or, New Foes with an Old Face, by Charles Kingsley, Illustrated from Drawings by William Martin Johnson. In two volumes. (Harpers.) Mr. Johnson has in a measure, perhaps unwittingly, followed Kingsley in his illustrations to this stirring tale ; for though he has essayed to picture men, women, and objects in the fifth century, he has more than once, we think, used a model of quite distinctly the nineteenthcentury type. Nevertheless, his drawing is always graceful and often full of spirit, and the decorative treatment is delightful and most fit. All books do not lend themselves so well as Hypatia to the marginal annotation pictorially, and the result is a singularly beautiful illustrated book. The portrait of Kingsley is taken wisely from one made at the age when he wrote Hypatia. — Their Wedding Journey, by W. D. Howells. With Illustrations by Clifford Carleton. (Houghton.) The light air of this charming book is happily felt by Mr. Carleton in his sketchy designs, which do not attempt too much, and remain, as it were, in the background of a book which is so delightfully real in its way that one almost unwittingly looks for photographic illustrations drawn from actual persons and objects. — Mrs. Wiggin’s Timothy’s Quest has been illustrated by Oliver Herford (Houghton) in what really may be called a new mode. Mr. Herford has used his playful fancy to give a sort of other-world decoration to the events of the story ; and instead of contenting himself with translating scenes and persons into pictures, he has given them a half-spiritual translation, and brought out the inner life of this pretty parable. — Portraits in Plaster, from the Collection of Laurence Hutton. (Harpers.) The illustrations of some seventy casts of mighty men and two women, taken after death, are in themselves interesting, and would be still more so could they be compared with portraits from life by really great artists. Those who have observed the face after death certainly must be aware of a change in many instances. One might almost say that the face retains the residuum of character ; but it can hardly be said that the lighter qualities of life, the more joyous elements, ever have any presentation in the death mask. Mr. Hutton has accompanied his plates with agreeable text, in which he strays wisely beyond the immediate confines of his subject. — Child-Life in Art, by Estelle M. Hurll. (Joseph Knight Co., Boston.) Miss Hurll has treated her subject topically, but with a nice sense of the gradation of her theme ; for, beginning with Childhood in Ideal Types, she goes on with Children Born to the Purple, The Children of Field and Village, The Child-Life of the Streets, Child-Angels, and finally The Christ Child. The illustrations are well chosen, and she has brought together a delightful group of interesting pictures in her descriptive passages. The theme is an admirable one, and this is almost a pioneer book. It might well be the starting-point for an interpretative study which should take account of the development of the human mind in its interest in the general subject. —Old English Songs from Various Sources. With Illustrations by Hugh Thomson, and an Introduction by Austin Dobson. (Macmillan.) The songs arc all the songs of home-bred wits, such as Thomson delights to illustrate. Not one can be said to have a foreign smack to it, and the illustrations are full of humor, and of that legitimate addition to the text which makes a picture an illustration, and not a repetition. — Messrs. Lee & Shepard have brought out for holiday use four series of colored and illuminated cards after designs by Irene E. Jerome, — designs graceful and pleasing enough to make one regret that they should have been strung upon ribbons to form “ banners.” Three sets of the cards are dedicated respectively to Joy, Rest, and Every-Day ; the fourth illustrates What Will the Violets Be ? Easter verses by W. C. Gannett.

History and Biography. The History of the French Revolution, by Louis Adolphe Thiers. Translated by Frederick Shoberl. (Lippincott, Philadelphia ; Bentley, London.) The History of the Consulate and Empire, by Louis Adorphe Thiers. Translated by D. Forbes Campbell and John Stebbing. (Lippincott, Philadelphia ; Chatto & Windus, London.) Naturally, one of the results of the curious but marked revival of the Napoleonic legend would be the republication of the English versions of the histories of its greatest exponent. The translation of the French Revolution was first brought out by Bentley nearly sixty years ago, while the volumes of the Consulate and Empire closely followed the appearance of the French originals, the earliest of which was published in 1845, the latest in 1862. The present editions of the two works are uniform in style, the first being in five, the second in twelve handsome and exceedingly wellprinted volumes. The steel engravings of former days have been retained, which as regards some of the portraits is well, but in the case of the scenic illustrations is not so well. It now hardly needs to be said that Thiers was not a philosophic historian, that he usually wrote as a partisan, and that his patriotism, if ardent and intense, was narrow as well. But his French Revolution, considering that he was the first historian of that convulsion, his youth at the time of writing, and the imperfect material at his command, is a remarkable, even if it long ago ceased to be an authoritative work. As for Thiers’s magnum opus) The History of the Consulate and Empire, there must be, from present indications, a tolerably large body of readers prepared to give it a sympathetic welcome. The unsympathetic will be interested at least in the treatment of the statecraft of the time by a writer who was himself a maker of history. Both classes should feel grateful to the publishers for the admirably full and comprehensive index which supplements the work. — Songs, Poems, and Verses, by Helen, Lady Dufferin (Countess of Gifford). Edited, with a Memoir and some Account of the Sheridan Family, by her Son, the Marquess of Dufferin and Ava. (Imported by Scribners.) Lady Dufferin wrote a few graceful and charming songs, tender and pathetic like The Irish Emigrant, or tender and humorous like Katey’s Letter ; and some bright and often witty society verses, very successful in their own day, and still pleasantly readable, though they have not the enduring quality which, despite other times, other manners, makes the verses of Praed still a delight. But after all, the poems are most interesting as additions to or illustrations of the memoir of their author which opens the volume, — surely one of the most beautiful and touching tributes ever paid to a mother by a son. Lord Dufferin has done his work with unfailing good taste as well as warmth of feeling, and his picture of a woman, rarely beautiful, accomplished, brilliant, but above all loving and lovable, illumined as it is by the self-revelation of some of the verses, makes a singularly vivid impression on the reader. The two widely differing letters, each so perfect in its way, which are given here, make the promised publication of an extended biography, including a selection from Lady Dufferin’s correspondence, a thing to be desired. Mention should be made of the simplicity and dignity with which the story of Lord Gifford’s life and death is told, — a story containing romance and heroism of a very noble sort, such as we should look for vainly in most contemporary works of imagination, — The Life of Jonathan Swift, by Henry Craik. In two volumes. (Macmillan.) A second edition of a work published a dozen years ago, and offering a fresh illustration of the scholarship and general fairness which characterize the literary biography of the past twenty or twenty-five years. The whole group of the English Men of Letters, though unequal in treatment, is on the whole a witness to that spirit of accuracy, of scientific method, and of generally sound judgment which has been laying the foundation, we feel sure, for a more generous and intelligent study of English literature. Students now find the paths cleared for them, and such a book as this of Mr. Craik’s will do much toward giving them a right entrance into eighteenth-century ideas. — Diary of a Boston School-Girl. (Houghton, Mifflin & Co.) These quaint and charming records of Anna Green Winslow are most appreciatively introduced and amply annotated by Alice Morse Earle. Though the daily doings of an elegant little miss, barely in her teens, in 1771, could scarcely fail to have an historical importance by no means inconsiderable, yet the greatest interest and value of this dainty journal are surely sentimental In these degenerate days of indifference to sentiment,

— to what can give life otherwise commonplace a distinction and a charm, — these winsome entries make an exquisite contribution to the scanty fringe of association about our workaday lives. A sentiment, then, to the memory of Nanny Green ! Not in punch, —though the sprightly little lady objected not to it, either hot or cold, — but in tea : the toast to this demure little maiden of twelve. — Selections from the Correspondence of Thomas Barclay, formerly British Consul-General at New York. Edited by George Lockhart Rives. (Harpers.) Mr. Barclay was a Loyalist who fought on the king’s side, and when New York was evacuated went to Nova Scotia. He was one of the commissioners under Jay’s Treaty to determine the river St. Croix, and in 1799 was appointed British ConsulGeneral for the Eastern States of America, an office which he held until the war of 1812. Afterward he was agent for British prisoners, and finally one of the commissioners to settle the Northeast Boundary. His letters therefore cover interesting points, and they have been admirably edited, the editor’s own text being also forcible and lively. The book is a very handsome one, and a capital addition to our stock of first-hand historical memoirs. — The Life of Charles Loring Brace, chiefly told in his own Letters. Edited by his Daughter. (Scribners.) Mr. Brace’s name is identified in the minds of most with his pioneer work in the Children’s Aid Society. Others will recall faintly his volume of travels and his interest in language ; but those who knew him only in one of his aspects will be surprised and delighted with a book which discloses him in his generous nature, his eagerness for new expressions of truth, and the hospitality which he showed as each new person or interest appealed to him. This Life will go far toward giving those who did not know him at all an acquaintance with a rich and lovable nature. It is a pity that the book should be sent out without an index. — The reader who has heretofore been girding up his loins before attacking Symonds’s volumes on the Renaissance, and has stood irresolute before so mighty an enterprise, may engage with cheerfulness upon the single-volume work which has lately appeared, entitled A Short History of the Renaissance in Italy, taken from the work of John Addington Symonds by LieutenantColonel Alfred Pearson. (Imported by Scribners.) By a skillful process of elimination, Colonel Pearson has succeeded in leaving a compendium which is so flowing in style as not to suggest condensation, and the reader is early put in possession of that conception of the Renaissance as an expansion of the human spirit which is the clue to what otherwise might be a confused history. The same work is reproduced in more compact form by Henry Holt & Co.

Fiction. My Lady Rotha, by Stanley J. Weyman. (Longmans.) We have become so used to finding ourselves in the France of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries when, with confident assurance of pleasure to come, we open a new book by Mr. Weyman, that it causes a slight shock, in beginning the narrative of Martin Schwartz, steward of the Countess Rotha of Heritzburg, to discover that we are in Thuringia, and about to be plunged into the midst of that most ruthless and desolating of conflicts, the Thirty Years’ War. Perhaps we should prefer to remain in the country where we have been so well entertained, but we soon find that the author can move with perfect ease and naturalness in his new environment, and as surely as ever hold his reader. My Lady Rotha is admirably constructed, swift in movement and full of vigorous life. We must confess to finding the love-story of the heroine a matter of quite secondary interest; what most impresses the reader are the vivid glimpses given of devastated and demoralized Germany, the country one vast camp, and the wretched people crushed as between the upper and nether millstones. Mr. Weyman never dwells unduly upon the horrible, but the sketches of Tzerclas and his mercenaries, restrained as they are, will not be quickly forgotten. The illustrations are a regrettable feature of the book. — The Matchmaker, by L. B. Walford. (Longmans.) Admirers of Mrs. Walford’s earlier work may, after much more or less disappointing experience in recent years, take heart again, for The Matchmaker, though it cannot share the honors of Mr. Smith or Pauline or The Baby’s Grandmother, is in some ways an exceedingly clever story. The picture of the Carnoustie household is very truthful and vivid ; every touch tells. Lord Carnoustie with his rustic gaucherie, and his wife with her narrow self-complacency and prim code of manners and morals, — the faults and weaknesses of both naturally being intensified by their position of supremacy in their own remote little world, — are realistic sketches of the best sort, full of insight and humorous perception. Especially skillful are the slight indications given of an underlying quality of birth and breeding, which, in emergencies, makes itself felt. The story, though a little drawn out, is told with spirit, and its interest seldom flags. — Highland Cousins, by William Black. (Harpers.) Mr. Black is here on the ground he long ago made his own, so that the setting of the scenes wherein pretty Barbara, with the mind, conscience, and heart of an untaught, petulant child, and Jessie, the personification of the good qualities her cousin lacks, play their parts is all that could be desired. Mr. Black’s constant readers, if at all critical, must instinctively divide his later books into two classes,— those which have something of the charm or power of certain of his earlier novels, and those that are the perfunctory work of an experienced storyteller. In spite of one or two clever character studies and some interesting and spirited episodes, Highland Cousins must be counted in the latter category. — The Wings of Icarus, by Laurence Alma Tadema. (Macmillan.) Emilia Fletcher, in her beliefs and unbeliefs, especially the latter, is a fin-desiècle heroine of the intenser sort. Throughout her story, which is given in the form of letters supplemented by a journal, she is effusively in love with Constance, her “ poor sweet,” a lady unhappily married. Emilia’s earlier passion loses none of its ardor when another, still more absorbing, takes possession of her. Its object, Gabriel, who soon becomes her “ poor dear,” is a penniless poet, coldly looked upon by the relatives of his inamorata, — both well-established reasons that he should fill a hero’s place ; otherwise he is singularly unattractive. Of course Emilia joyfully brings her two loves together, and equally of course they speedily adore each other. Naturally, these complications end tragically, the finale being in execution the weakest part of the book. No gleam of humor gives the needed relief to the stress and strain of the tale ; but the writer possesses so genuine an emotional power that we cannot but regret that it is not here used to better purpose. — Doreen, the Story of a Singer, by Edna Lyall. (Longmans.) A very emotional tale dealing with Irish politics, the work of an ardent partisan, which will appeal chiefly to the thoroughgoing sympathizers of the causes advocated, with the usual result, — the convincing of those who are already convinced. — The Story of Dan, by M. C. Francis (Houghton), is an Irish novel of a different sort. It is a village tragedy told with rare simplicity, directness, and self-restraint. An honest, single-hearted lad’s infatuation for a worthless girl, with all the sad and evil consequences which flow therefrom, is not in itself a fresh motif, hut the writer treats it with originality as well as with delicate insight and true feeling. The country folk, whether peasant or farmer, are sketched vividly and with the certainty of touch which comes of intimate knowledge, and there is a very natural as well as artistic blending of humor and pathos. It is a story that is tolerably sure to be read at a sitting. — How Thankful was Bewitched, by James K. Hosmer. (Putnams.) We think Mr. Hosmer has unnecessarily embroidered a bit of stuff in itself fair to the eye. The story is a pretty one in its conception, but there is so much description, speculation, and reflection, the point of view changes so often, and the whole plan involves such a maze that the reader’s interest is excited from time to time only to evaporate, and the result is thus somewhat unsatisfactory. —Miss Hurd, an Enigma, by Anna Katharine Green (Mrs. Charles Rohlfs). (Putnams.) The so-called Miss Hurd, a heroine of the impressive, queenly order, spends her time in running away from her husband, — who is liberally endowed with many of the gifts and graces which attract ordinary women, 舒 and in being discovered by him in various ingenious hiding-places. To the reader the principal enigma will be, why should this long-suffering gentleman have cared to reclaim his errant spouse ? — The third and fourth issues of the Incognito Library (Putnams) are, Lesser’s Daughter, by Mrs. Andrew Dean, and A Husband of No Importance, by Rita, and they prove, on the whole, less noteworthy than their predecessors. As to the latter tale, we think the idlest curiosity will rest satisfied with the pen name of the writer. The story is, in manner and matter, as “ modern ” as the wit of the author can compass, but its social studies are drawn from a certain class of contemporary novels rather than from life, and so will hardly prove very convincing even to the careless devourer of light fiction. Lesser’s Daughter is a stronger tale, though very conventional in plot, and for the most part in characterization. The writer, however, has sufficient skill to hold the reader’s attention to the end. — Austin Elliot, in one volume, and The Recollections of Geoffry Hamlyn, in two volumes, have been added to the Messrs. Scribners’ attractive uniform edition of Henry Kingsley’s works. — Charles Reade’s novelette, Single Heart and Double Face, has been issued in paper covers in the Golden Gem Library. (Optimus Printing Co., New York.) —Also in paper are, The Birth of a Soul, a Psychological Study, by Mrs. A. Phillips (Rand, McNally & Co.), and Baron Kinatas, by Isaac Strange Dement (M. T. Need, Chicago). — Martin Hewitt, Investigator, is published in Harper’s Franklin Square Library.

Literature. Miss Katharine Prescott Wormeley has begun the translation of Molière, and two volumes have appeared : the first containing The Misanthrope and Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme ; the second, Tartuffe, Les Précieuses Ridicules, and George Dandin. (Roberts.) The two volumes are introduced by critical judgments of Balzac, Sainte-Beuve, and others, but Miss Wormeley has done the greatest service by her clear, idiomatic translation. Her English is dignified without being stiff, and she certainly succeeds in rendering her author into a form which does not suggest the labor, but the ease of translation. The books are tastefully bound in half leather, and will be of real service in giving Molièere a naturalization in America. — Corinne, by Madame de Staël. (Dent, London ; Lippincott, Philadelphia.) This attractive reprint of a translation contemporary with the original, and now corrected by a presumably competent hand, is introduced by Mr. George Saintsbury in something less than his ordinary ex cathedra tone, but quite in his usual appreciative way. To Mr. Saintsbury’s stern and severe literary sense Corinne is still interesting, and to the ordinary reader it will still be so, too ; but less, we believe, for its historical and literary value than for its revelation, between the lines, of the interesting character of Madame de Staël. — Catherine de Medici is the latest volume added to Messrs. Roberts’ edition of Balzac, so admirably translated by Katharine Prescott Wormeley. It is a sort of chronicle romance, covering as it does the whole period of the reigns of Francis II. and Charles IX., and its main purpose is the rehabilitation of Catherine, a task which no man’s wit has yet been able to accomplish. The book impresses one rather as a series of dramatized historical studies than as a genuine novel, and, comparing Balzac with himself, it in all respects falls below his transcripts of contemporary life, though it undeniably contains certain vivid pictures of the Valois court, and some strong situations strongly treated. Incidentally, the work is interesting for the exposition it gives of its author’s views on the course of modern history, his sentiments being not unlike those which must animate the devoted souls who now call themselves Jacobites. — Messrs. J. M. Dent & Co., London (Macmillan, New York), add to their former reproductions of eighteenth and early nineteenth century literature Miss Ferrier’s novels in six pretty volumes. We have already in The Atlantic treated of Miss Ferrier as seen in the light of Miss Austen, and we have noted also the attractive edition published by Roberts Brothers. This new applicant for favor has also good characteristic portraits and etchings. May our great-grandchildren enjoy our books in as pretty form. — As You Like It, in the charming Temple Shakespeare, has for frontispiece the Stratford House, and The Taming of the Shrew the Globe Theatre. (Dent, London; Macmillan, New York.)— The pretty little Ariel edition of Shakespeare (Putnams), which we have had frequent opportunities to mention, since its forty volumes have come out in sections, is completed in its leather form, and now is offered at a still cheaper price in neat clothbound volumes. — My Study Fire, by Hamilton Wright Mabie. Second series. (Dodd, Mead & Co.) A score or two of facile notes on books and on life seen in the light of literature. Mr. Mabie does not quote much, neither does he paraphrase, but one is made to believe that be has assimilated literary nutriment, and moreover that he has fed generously on large literature. He becomes thus an agreeable companion and a healthful one.

Books for the Young. Messrs. Lee & Shepard have brought out a handsome new edition of Bulfinch’s Age of Fable, and we are sure that many readers will be glad to learn from it that the deserved popularity of that well-tried friend of their younger days is still undiminished. This volume is an enlargement of the enlarged and revised edition edited by the Rev. E. E. Hale in 1881, which somewhat extended the literary references in the original work, following faithfully the admirable plan of the author. A sketch of the history of Greek sculpture is added to the present issue, as well as a fuller index, and the publishers can justly assert that the volume will serve to explain all ordinary classical allusions in English literature. —The Century Book for Young Americans, by Elbridge S. Brooks. (The Century Co.) Mr. Brooks, availing himself of the convenient machinery of a party of young people, marshaled by an omniscient Uncle Tom, visiting Washington, tells in an animated fashion the story of the government in all its departments, mingling history and biography and law and poetry in a delightful hodge-podge. The grouping of subjects is good, and the book is spirited and full of excellent patriotic suggestion. — Imaginations, Truthless Tales, by Tudor Jenks. (The Century Co.) Mr. Jenks has a very inventive fancy, and though he has scarcely the pervasive humor of Stockton, he writes stories which in their incidents may be mentioned alongside of that best of wonder-story tellers. The turns and surprises are capital, and the stories are quite sure to carry one on to the end, once they are begun. Some of the illustrations are admirable.

Nature and Travel. From Blomidon to Smoky, and Other Papers, by Frank Bolles. (Houghton, Mifflin & Co.) Of these thirteen papers, the first four are the last literary work which Mr. Bolles did ; the other nine have appeared in different periodicals between 1890 and 1894. The former group record Mr. Bolles’s minute and accurate observations of nature on a trip through Cape Breton. Some of these observations one who had never known Mr. Bolles might find insignificant ; but another who had known him could scarcely hold uninteresting any of the vacation doings of one of the kindliest and most helpful of men. — Shakespeare’s Stratford, a Pictorial Pilgrimage, by W. Hallsworth Waite. (Imported by Scribners.) One of those attractive little volumes which serve both for guidebooks and souvenirs. Beside Stratford, the artist not only sketches in Shottery and Charlecote, but, we are glad to see, goes still further afield, visiting some of those picturesque oldworld villages where Shakespeare’s country can be found much more truly than in his half-modernized birthplace, — villages where bits of local speech which we have learned from him can still be heard on rustic lips. Mr. Waite uses the pencil better than the pen, but his explanatory comment tells a good deal in a small space, and answers its purpose sufficiently well.

Music. Musicians and Music - Lovers, and Other Essays, by William Foster Apthorp. (Scribners.) Of this collection of nine papers, more than half appeared in The Atlantic. The readers of the magazine will be glad to renew their acquaintance with essays which represent not only scientific knowledge of music, but that power of interpretation which bridges over the space between music and literature. Mr. Apthorp has a pungent, direct attack upon his subjects which at once notifies the reader that the matter in hand is not to undergo a transformation from solid to fluid, and from fluid to gas, as so often happens with writers on music. — Everybody’s Guide to Music, by Josiah Booth. (Harpers.) The introductory note to this little handbook expresses the belief that it will serve to introduce “ everybody ” to the theory, if not the practice of music. As far as so large a design can be accomplished in a small volume (though the task would be hardly less difficult in a book of any size), it is done here. Musical instruments ; notation ; measure, light and shade, and ornamentation in music ; singing ; the growth of music illustrated by brief sketches of the greater composers, are successively treated, and a dictionary of musical terms is appended, which will be likely to prove one of the most generally useful features of the book. The writer has followed the best authorities, and his suggestions are usually excellent, but for the effective comprehension of some of them, especially those on singing, an amount of previous training would probably be required that might render this guide unnecessary.

Poetry. Madonna, and Other Poems, by Harrison S. Morris. (Lippincott.) Refreshingly non-decadent. So far, indeed, are these poems from being in the spirit peculiarly distinctive of the present that they have a curiously timeless and placeless quality. Though not particularly profound or inspired, they have something of the simplicity and dignity and sanity of all lasting art. Two things, at least, have conspired to keep the artist simple, dignified, and sane : an honest love of nature—a love that grows fanciful whilst he strays in Arcady — and a fine feeling for the spirit of Greek art.

Books of Reference. The Century Dictionary, following the custom some time ago established of incorporating into the appendix of a dictionary biographical, historical, geographical, and other curious and useful information, has brought forth The Century Cyclopedia of Names (The Century Co.) ; and as the Dictionary was in six great volumes, this appendix is in one by itself. The plan of having one alphabetical list is undoubtedly the most convenient, and so in 1085 pages from A to Z the reader has names which occur in geography, biography, mythology, history, ethnology, art, archæology, fiction, and even titles of famous poems. It would have been very convenient to have the groups separated, but we suspect the practical purpose of such lists would hardly have been greater than that which attaches to the preposterous indexes at the close of Allibone’s great book. It is not always easy to determine the principle of proportion or of selection, as for instance when five cities or towns of Washington are chosen out of the much larger number, and such subjects as Mahabharata and Mabinogion are given at considerable length ; but apparently the editors, in the case of the former, selected the conspicuous places only, and in the case of the latter were disposed to go more into detail over the more recondite subjects. A cursory glance shows that a good medium has been secured between prolixity and jejuneness, and the care with which the work has been done, the attention to petty details, which are not petty when one uses the book as a reliable tool, are evident on every page.

Education and Textbooks. The Bureau of Education (Government Printing Office, Washington) has put out four numbers in its series of contributions to American Educational History : The History of Education in Connecticut, by Bernard C. Steiner ; The History of Education in Delaware, by Lyman P. Powell ; Higher Education in Tennessee, by Lucius Salisbury Merriam ; and Higher Education in Iowa, by Leonard F. Parker. There are twenty universities and colleges, besides the state university, in Iowa. In Tennessee there are ten universities and lots of colleges. Poor little Delaware has only five colleges and one State Normal University. Connecticut, again, has but two universities and one college. It will be observed, thus, that the younger the State and the farther west it is, the more amply it provides for the higher education of its citizens. We wish, by the way, the government could afford to sew its paper books, and not stab them. The barbed wire fence is a relic of advanced civilization. — A Text-Book of the History of Painting, by John C. Van Dyke. (Longmans.) Books such as this suffer somewhat in the same way as compends of literary history. To the beginner they offer little more than names and dates ; they are clothed with an authoritative form which is dangerous, since the student frequently is getting the writer’s personal judgment, and not well-tested, accepted opinion, and helps himself easily thus to ready-made decisions which do not fit him. It would have been well, for instance, for the writer of this book to have contented himself with a simple generalization on the subject of American art, instead of throwing out his little paper pustules of criticism. — Messrs. Putnam’s Sons have issued a Students’ Edition of Irving’s Tales of a Traveller, in a comely, well-printed volume. The book, which follows the author’s latest revisions, is edited by William Lyon Phelps, who furnishes an introductory sketch of Irving’s life, with a brief consideration of his literary style and influence, and some account of the origin and first publication of the Tales. The book is very fully annotated, but not too fully, the editor urges. However this may be, the notes are commendably terse, clear, and explicit. The book is especially intended for the use of students preparing for college entrance examinations in English literature.—The Common Sense Copy Books, a System of Vertical Penmanship, by Joseph V. Witherbee. (A. Lovell & Co., New York.) A capital series of writing books, since they encourage a round, full, and perfectly clear transcription of words. The child that is trained in such a system ought, before he is through with it, to develop his own individual hand. Perhaps he will, if he is not made to write too fast. Much mischief is done to handwriting by calling for rapidity before a good hand is formed.

Law. Comparative Administrative Law, an Analysis of the Administrative Systems, National and Local, of the United States, England, France, and Germany, by Frank J. Goodnow. (Putnams.) This work, in two volumes, is in a measure a pioneer work as regards the United States, and is, aside from its great practical value, an admirable illustration of the predominant place which administration has in our present minds. It has to do with Organization and with Legal Relations, and though based on professional study is by no means addressed to professional students alone. The general reader will learn, both by direct testimony and by comparison with the administrations in other countries, the status of administrative law in the United States and the history of the several elements. The study is of special value now when there is so much unthinking demand for an enormous extension of the administrative function.