Books of the Month

History. The Military Annals of Lancaster, Massachusetts, 1740-1865; including lists of soldiers serving in the Colonial and Revolutionary wars for the Lancastrian towns, Berlin, Bolton, Harvard, Leominster,and Stirling. By Henry S. Nourse. (The Author, Lancaster.) Mr. Nourse has already issued the Early Records of Lancaster, and in that detailed the experiences of the town previous to 1725. In this volume he continues the narrative, with a thorough study of the part taken by the community in the war with Spain, in the various French and Indian wars, in the war for independence, in the war of 1812, in the Mexican war, and the war for the Union. The book is much more than a list of names. It contains interesting extracts from records, diaries, and letters, and many lively passages by the author himself. It is a capital piece of work. — The eighth volume of the Narrative and Critical History of America (Houghton) brings Mr. Winsor’s great task to a close. The present volume deals with the later history of British, Spanish, and Portuguese America. In his chronological conspectus of American history the editor has added a very valuable feature to the work. A glance at the full and carefully prepared general index will give the reader an idea of the vast extent of the undertaking upon which Mr. Winsor has lavished so much research and scholarship in various fields. — The fourth volume of memoirs issued by the LongIsland Historical Society consists of a series of hitherto unprinted letters, addressed by Washington to William Pearce, who managed the Mount Vernon estate during Washington’s presidency. These letters, though they deal chiefly with domestic matters, contain references to important persons and events of the day, and show the writer in a very amiable light. —Mr. James Schouler has brought his History of the United States of America under the Constitution through the fourth volume, which covers the period 1831-1847, and promises to complete his task with one more volume. There is no doubt that Mr. Schouler gets pretty close to what may be called a contemporaneous view of the movement of history. He reflects in his pages the thought of the men who were actively engaged in making history, and he is not misled by any too wide generalization. If he is a little brusque in style, he is at any rate spirited, and often piquant, and one cannot read his work without knowing that he is in the hands of an individual narrator.

Sociology and Economics. Alluring Absurdities, Fallacies of Henry George, by M. W. Meagher. (American News Company.) In addition to exposing the fallacies of Henry George, Mr. Atkinson, Professor Denslow, and others, Mr. Meagher offers a few hints at correcting the present inequalities. His most explicit remedy is a graduated income and legacy tax. He writes heartily and honestly. — Problems in American Society, by Joseph Henry Crooker. (Ellis.) A volume of social studies devoted to the Student in American Life, Scientific Charity, the Root of the Temperance Problem, the Political Conscience, Moral and Religious Instruction in our Public Schools, and the Religions Destitution of Villages. The discussions are not very noteworthy, but they call attention to subjects which always are interesting.

Mr. Crooker writes with a positive air, but he will seem to many to overlook some of the forces which have been working1 to bring about the very social problems he presents, and are still at work to solve them.—Hertha, or the Spiritual Side of the Woman Question, by Elizabeth Hughes. (The Author, Los Angeles, Cal.) Theosophomorical. The uninitiated male reader catches at the meaning here and there, but, with all his respect for the author, he wishes she would just try her hand at putting her ideas into the form of answers to an examination paper. We can fancy her before a hardheaded professor, and reading from the last page of her book : “ Then the full-orbed sphere of humanity, equally balanced in both its hemispheres of opposite sexes, will sail harmoniously through the heavenly blue.”“ Be so good, madam, as to repeat that. Kindly explain yourself.” —An Appeal to Pharaoh ; the Negro Problem and its Radical Solution. (Fords, Howard and Hulbert.) No author’s name is given with this book, which assumes as its premise that the North and the South are nearly as separate in their aims and interests as in the days before the war ; that we are not. a united people because we are uot a homogeneous people ; and the conclusion reached is that the country should take deliberate means to expatriate the negro race, and colonize the West Indies with them. The Afrite cannot he crowded back into the fisherman’s jar; perhaps lie can be made to take his ugly, brooding form into some other part of the heavens. We think our anonymous author has not yet possessed himself of the patience of his soul. He is saying to God, Hurry up! hurry up! the great American nation can’t, wait; and, like the policeman in dealing with Poor Jo, he wants the negroes to “move on,” “to keep moving on.” The interesting part of his volume is the citation of evidence to show that the black mass is disintegrating and moving on, even if not in the direction of the West Indies. — Monopolies and the People, by Charles Whiting Baker, is No. 59 of Questions of the Day. (Putnams.) The author puts his conclusion into the sentence, " The proper remedy for monopoly is not abolition, but, control,” and looks with favor upon the efforts to adjust competing and conflicting interests by means of legislation and commissions. He writes earnestly, but temperately.— Liberty and Living, the Record of an Attempt to secure Bread and Butter. Sunshine and Content, by Gardening, Fishing, and Hunting, by Philip G. Hubert, Jr. (Putnams.) A capital book, full of good-nature, shrewd sense, and sagacious hints for reasonable living, not exactly in the wilds, but in the country which is at safe distance from the city. It is to be observed, however, that the family which thus cheerfully adjusts itself to country living has had already a wholesome city training. — The Traveler’s Insurance Co. of Hartford have issued the works of Walter Bagehot, in five volumes, edited by Forrest Morgan. The editor has made many corrections in the English text, which seems to have been singularly corrupt, and has contributed an interesting preface. Mr. Bagehot was an original thinker, a ripe scholar, but a careless writer. It was no easy task to revise his work ; Mr. Morgan has done much in this direction, but many faults of style have escaped him. In volume i. page 200, for example, Mr. Bagehot is permitted to say, “ Neither English poetry nor English criticism have,” etc. The author’s literary essays, occupying the first two volumes, appeal to the general reader. Mr. Bagehot writes voluminously on economical and political subjects. His papers in this kind have great value, but they address a comparatively limited audience. — In Questions of the Day, Mr. David A. Wells publishes a paper on Relation of the Tariff to Wages (Putnams), which was suggested by a statement of Mr. Blaine’s, that if American voters could see for themselves the condition and recompense of labor in Europe, the party of free trade in the United States would not receive the support of one wageworker between the two oceans. Mr. Wells throws his comment into the form of a catechism, in which he seeks to bring out the grounds of the contrast between the economic condition of Europe and that of America. — In the same series H. J. Philpott discourses on the tariff in a jaunty way, entitling his tract Tariff Chats. His conclusion is in the words, “I am convinced that almost nobody profits by the tariff except a narrow clique of millionaires, who have got rich by this polite form of begging, and everybody else is plundered for their benefit.” There is much virtue in your “almost.”—A more substantial and important number of the series is The Public Regulation of Railways, by W. D. Dabney, who was formerly chairman of the committee on railways and internal navigation in the legislature of Virginia. The book deals only with the commercial or traffic relations of the railway system to the public; it treats of the legal and economic aspects of the question, and examines the Interstate Commerce Act. Mr. Dabney throws the weight of his judgment, chiefly on economic grounds, against the assumption of the railways by government.