Books of the Month

History. Mr. H. H. Bancroft’s thirteenth volume of History of the Pacific States of North America is the first volume in the subdivision California. (A. L. Bancroft & Co., San Francisco.) The history is brought down to 1860 in this volume, and the minuteness of detail makes one somewhat apprehensive of the number of volumes which will be required to complete the set. Whatever may be said of Mr. Bancroft’s plan of work, there can be no doubt that he is putting an immense amount of material into a shape accessible to historical students.—Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, by Paul Barron Watson (Harpers), is a careful study of all the printed material relating to the Emperor, with ample foot-notes, fortifying the author’s position and making the book an admirable thesaurus for the student. The book necessarily involves a study of Christianity in the second century, and Mr. Watson has treated his theme with a reserve and a patient search for the true facts which impress one with a sense of his honesty and candor. He does not often allow himself to comment upon his subject, and the conclusions which he draws have therefore a higher value. He has, for example, a suggestive passage upon the relation of the Thoughts to the time in which they appeared, in comparison with modern religious speculation. The work is not a brilliant one, but it is every way creditable to the industry of the author.— Our Chancellor, sketches for a historical picture, by Moritz Busch (Scribners), is a Boswellian report of Bismarck and an entertaining and personal reading of modern European history. To Mr. Busch history is a capital story, with Bismarck for the central hero. —James and Lucretia Mott, Life and Letters, edited by their granddaughter, Anna Davis Hallowed (Houghton, Mifflin & Co.): a family memorial of two people whose life was a public life in the best sense. The Motts were as devoted to humanity as two religieuses might be to the Church. Their work was done within the pale of the Society of Friends, and as they enjoyed a reputation for heresy one may read of conflicts with that most peaceful sect which appear to differ chiefly in name from similar religious controversies among the people whom the Quakers protested against. The personality of Lucretia Mott is very vividly shown, and if the circumstance of life, as reproduced in this book, seems somewhat limited, all the more significant is the power of the woman who rose above it. Nowhere else, perhaps, can one find so clear a picture of Quaker life as developed upon its most protestant and aggressive side. — In the American Men of Letters series (Houghton, Mifflin & Co.) the latest volume is Margaret Fuller Ossoli, by T. W. Higginson. Mr. Higginson has the advantage of coming after other writers, of having much interesting material not heretofore made public, and of being permitted by the scope of the series in which it appears to treat the theme in other than a strictly biographical manner. The freedom of handling is one of the agreeable characteristics of the book. Mr. Higginson has sketched a fine portrait of a notable woman ; he has added a great many touches which increase one’s perception of the character, and he has filled in the background with details which do not distract the attention from the portrait, but give it greater value. Of course it is Margaret Fuller as Mr. Higginson sees her, but that is just what gives value to a portrait and makes it superior to a photograph. — In the series of Biographies of Musicians which Jansen, M’cClurg & Co. are publishing, the latest number is Nohl’s Life of Liszt, translated by George P. Upton. The book is more anecdotal and chatty than the previous books in this series have been. The author has wisely forborne to make a formal biography of a living man, and has contented himself with sketching his characteristics as they strike those who come into contact with him.— Wendell Phillips is a commemorative discourse by H. W. Beecher (Fords, Howard & Hulberf), and has a value for its personal reminiscences, not so much of Mr, Phillips as of the anti-slavery movement. — The lover of Americana will be certain to add to his collection A Journal Kept in Canada and upon Burgoyne’s Campaign in 1776—77, by Lieutenant James M. Hadden. (Joel Munsell’s Sons, Albany, N. Y.) General Rogers’s explanatory chapter and notes are very valuable, though their value lies chiefly in the material rather than in the style, which lacks clearness and precision.

Science. Dr. Elliott Cones’s Key to North American Birds (Estes & Lauriat) appears in a second edition, revised to date, and entirely rewritten. The first edition was published twelve years ago, and the present represents the author’s studies as enlarged and ripened. The work has grown in dimensions, and includes his General Ornithology, an outline of the structure and classification of birds, and Field Ornithology, a manual of collecting, preparing, and preserving birds. The work is thoroughly illustrated, and like other books which have grown under favoring conditions makes for itself a commanding place.— The six numbers of Science Ladders (Putnams), to which we have referred in their separate form, have now been gathered into a single fat volume. The author is the lady who writes under the pseudonym of N. D’Anvers. — Brain Exhaustion, with some preliminary considerations on Cerebral Dynamics, by J. Leonard Corning, M. D. (Appletons), treats in a more technical and comprehensive manner of the subject popularly illustrated by Dr. S. Weir Mitchell in his admirable little tract Wear and Tear. This work is not, however, for professional readers alone, but of value to all students who watch their own and other people’s symptoms, indicative of vital exhaustion through excessive bra in work. The study involves some curious researches into social life — The True Theory of the Sun, by Thomas Bassnett (Putnams), has the further descriptive title Showing the common origin of the solar spots and corona, and of atmospheric storms and cyclones, with the necessary formulæ and tables for computing the maximum and minimum epochs of solar activity, and the passages in time and place of the chief disturbers of the weather from the equator to the poles in both hemispheres. — Machinery of the Heavens, a system of physical astronomy, by A. P. Pichereau (Plaindealer Printing Co., Galesburg, III.): a series of essays, with an introductory letter, in which the author offers Ms revolutionary views upon the subject of worlds, comets, tides, and such universal themes with an airy lightness which would become a young man who should dig his father’s grave with a tennis racket.

Poetry and the, Drama. Pine Needles, or Sonnets and Songs, by Héloïse Durant (Putnams): a volume of a hundred short poems, in which the author appears rarely to have strayed away from her own self-consciousness. Surely the poetry which lives in the help of others springs from the power to see others. — Legends, Lyrics, and Sonnets, by Prances L. Mace (Cupples, Upham & Co.), has passed to a second edition. The legends are especially graceful, that of The Two Doves being simply and sweetly told. — Above the Grave of John Odenswurge, a cosmopolite, is the mysterious title of a volume of verse by J. Dunbar Hylton, M. D. (Howard Challen, New York.) The late Mr. Odengwurge does not appear in the volume except in the most incidental manner, and the poems are none of them elegiac. With the poems is bound up another work of art, The Præsidicidc and Battle of Antietam. Dr. Hylton with just pride tells his readers that the title is a word of his own coining, and “is not to be found in any dictionary published up to this date.” However, a general explanation is vouchsafed in the opening lines on the poem entitled Poets, where we are told,

“Poets are a wild, mysterious race,
The world is all their own ;
They throw a darkness o’er the brightest place,
And make fair the drear and lone.”

Dr. Hylton does all but the last.—The Parlor Muse is a selection of vers de société from modern poets. (Appleton.) It would certainly seem that the editor might have made a better selection. In the Conservatory belongs to the kitchenparlor muse, and An Idyl of the Period also belongs downstairs.—Plantation Lays and other Poems, by Belton O’Neall Townsend. (Charles A. Calvo, Jr., Columbia, S. C.) Mr. Townsend surely need not have published these verses. They show so much general talent of another sort than poetical that among his qualities should have been some reverence for poetry as an art. He has treated poetry as if it were an accident. — Lyrics of the Law (Whitney, San Francisco) is a collection of songs and verses pertinent to the law and legal profession, selected from various sources. It is curious how many of these poems came from other than lawyers themselves. — Charles Brother & Co., of Philadelphia, send us a large pamphlet entitled Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, an Earthquake of Critic and Criticisms, by Professor C. C. Schaeffer. This Shakespearean study, which involves a consideration of the Brooklyn Bridge, is further described as “ an Engine sent ahead to clear the track for Professor Schaeffer’s New System of Teaching Languages,” which it appears is done by steam, or possibly by electricit y, since the professor undertakes to impart a full knowledge of the French verb (he does not say which verb) in ten minutes. — Ballads and Verses Vain (Scribner’s Sons) is the title of a collection of highly finished lyrics, chiefly in old French measures, by A. Lang, selected and arranged by his friend Austin Dobson, who, in a bit of very graceful verse, introduces the volume to the American reader.

Fiction. Mr. Crawford’s novel A Roman Singer has been published in book form by Houghton, Mifflin & Co. The style of dress is very agreeable. — Dearly Bought, by Clara Louisa Burnham (Sumner, Chicago), is a youngish story. — Miss Toosey’s Mission and Laddie (Roberts Bros.), two little English stories charmingly told, and with the pathos which comes from contrasts of social life. —The Surgeon’s Stories, by Z. Topelius (Jansen, McClurg & Go.), approaches completion. The fifth and penultimate volume is Times of Linnæus. With leisure enough one could extract much pleasure out of these minute pictures of life. — Stratford by the Sea is the fourth number in Holt’s American Novel series. It is an excess of patriotism which would prefer it to any of the Leisure Hour series. — The Entailed Hat, or Patty Cannon’s Times, a Romance, by George Alfred Townsend (Harpers): a story autour de mon chapeau, and with as many turns and embarrassing creeks as the Eastern shore which it celebrates.—Thorns in Your Sides, by Harriette A. Keyser (Putnams), is a novel founded on dynamite. There is some rough force in the novel, too. — Archibald Malmaison, by Julian Hawthorne (Funk & Wagnalls), is prefaced by an admirable bit, of easy philosophy. The story itself is a strong piece of work. — A Commercial Trip with an Uncommercial Ending, by George H. Bartlett (Putnams), is a lively story, the hero of which is a bachelor commercial traveler. The business in which lie was engaged clearly affected his literary style. — Good Stories of Man and other Animals, by Charles Reade, appears in Harper’s Franklin Square Library. — The third volume of Stories by American Authors (Scribner’s Sons) contains The Spider’s Eye, by Fitz-James O’Brien; A Story of the Latin Quarter, by Mrs. Burnett; Two Purse Companions, by G. P. Lathrop; Poor Ogla-Moga, by D. D. Lloyd; A Memorable Murder, by Celia Thaxter ; and Venetian Glass, by Brander Matthews.—Bound Together and Doctor Johns (Scribner’s Sons) are the latest two volumes added to the new edition of Donald G. Mitchell’s complete writings. Bound Together is the title of a group of miscellaneous papers, and Doctor Johns, which the elder readers of The Atlantic will recall pleasantly, is the author’s most elaborate attempt at fiction. Since these lines were in type, a third volume of the series has been issued —a collection of rural and architectural studies under the title of Out-of-Town Places.

Education and Text-Books. The thirtieth Annual Report of the Superintendent of Public Instruction for the State of New York has been received. The letters from the various county superintendents are often curious reading, since each superintendent writes independently of all the rest. It will surprise some to know that New York educates over a thousand Indian children. — The Art of Oratory, system of Delsarte, has been translated from the French of the Abbe Delaumosne and Madame Arnand, who were pupils of Delsarte. The volume also includes Delsarte’s solitary essay on The Attributes of Reason. The work is translated by Frances A. Shaw and Abby L. Alger. It is a second edition of a work which we have already noticed, and has an interest for students of psychology as well as students of oratory. (Edgar S. Werner, Albany.) — Word Lessons, a complete speller, adapted for use in the higher primary, intermediate, and grammar grades. In this work all the complications and ingenuities of our fearful English speech are set before the child in a manner designed to lure him into correctness. (Clark & Maynard.) — The same firm has added to their school series of English classics a selection of Lamb’s Tales from Shakespeare, Bryant’s Thanatopsis and other poems, and passages from Shakespeare adapted to declamation. — The Academic Orthoepist is the title of a useful little number in the same style as the preceding, in which words most likely to be mispronounced are given with their correct and their incorrect pronunciation. The work is not final, however. In spite of it, good speakers may still say hurth for hearth, and ećonomical. Walter Bagehot also was called by his nearest relations Băj’ut, not Bă’jut, unless we are greatly mistaken. The little book will offer endless opportunities for social wrangling. (Clark & Maynard.)— Hazen’s Complete Spelling-Book, for all grades of public and private schools, by M. W. Hazen. (Ginn, Heath & Co.) Like other improved spelling-books it combines dictation exercises and synonyms. — A revised and enlarged edition of Warren Colburn’s First Lessons has been published. (Houghton, Mifflin & Co.) The gradation has been made more even, the number and variety of examples have been increased, the antiquated and thus unfamiliar forms have been dropped, but in no essential particular has a system been discarded which has stood the test of sixty years’ use, and been made the basis of many other mental arithmetics. In its present form the book gives promise of an equally long and useful life.— Scott’s Quentin Durward, edited by Charlotte M. Yonge, has been added to Ginn, Heath & Co.’s excellent series of classics for children. Miss Yonger’s introduction and notes are not especially adapted to the intelligence of children, and we think it would have been well to add a table of pronunciation of the many foreign names and words. — History Topics for the Use of High Schools and Colleges, by William Francis Allen. (Ginn, Heath & Co.) It is a useful little manual for teachers who desire to give out topics for study. We wish that Professor Allen would draw up a similar manual, designed to teach the logic of history.— Professor John W. Burgess, of Columbia College, has written an esssay on The American University, When shall it be ? Where shall it be? What shall it be ? (Ginn, Heath & Co.) It is an interesting contribution to the subject, but strikes us as too doctrinaire in treatment, with not sufficient consideration of those elements of national and social life which must determine the conclusion rather than the actual precedents of Germany.

Books of Reference. The Globe Pronouncing Gazetteer of the World, descriptive and statistical, with etymological notices, being a Geographical Dictionary for popular use, with thirty-two maps. (Putnams.) The titles are very brief, and as regards the United States not always accurate. Massachusetts is not bounded on the south by Long Island. It is natural that Amherst, a town of 800 inhabitants in Australia, should be admitted, and one also in Nova Scotia, while the seat of an influential college is omitted. — A brief Handbook of American Authors, by Oscar Fay Adams (Houghton, Mifflin & Co.), is a companion volume to the same editor’s Handbook of English Authors, and is even better done. Those who consult it will be surprised at the number of living authors whom Mr. Adams has caught for his collection. Our only criticism is upon his occasional judgment upon books and authors. These judgments are too brief to be thorough, and occur just often enough to irritate. It would have been better to have refrained altogether from comment. — The United States Art Directory and Year Book, compiled by S. R. Koehler (Cassell), has reached its second year. It is a practical guide for all interested in the progress of art. It contains an Artist Directory and very full alphabetical list of art schools, with sufficient details to characterize them. It contains also a record of exhibitions and a great deal of useful information. If Mr. Koehler is able to keep his work up each year, making it more and more accurate, he will render great service. — A Complete Index to Littell’s Living Age, by Edward Roth (1135 Pine Street, Philadelphia), is in process of publication. It is classified and printed only on one side of the leaf, so that it can be extended and annotated by the owner.

Politics and Political Economy. Politics, an Introduction to the Study of Comparative Constitutional Law, by William W. Crane and Bernard Moses (Putnams): an admirable treatise, full of suggestive thought. It may be doubted if the authors have given sufficient attention to the innate force of the commonwealth, when they point out the gradual fusion of the States into one nation which is going on. That is, there is in the commonwealth a power which may be recovered by the people and still used for defense against a possible tyranny of the general government. — Six Centuries of Work and Wages, the history of English labor, by James E. Thorold Rogers. (Putnams.) Mr. Rogers, in this valuable historical work, reaches some very interesting conclusions as to the political vitality of the English people as distinguished from the merely administrative operations of the government. He is disposed to rest the development of modern society upon industrial occupation, and in his study of wages and prices never loses sight of the political relations. — The Woman Question in Europe, a series of original essays, edited by Theodore Stanton, with an introduction by Frances Power Cobbe. The several papers are by special authorities. Mrs. Fawcett, for example, writes of England. They are all interesting, and give an admirable means of taking a general survey. (Putnams.) — Wages and Trade in Manufacturing Industries in America and in Europe, by J. Schoenhof, is a tract published for the New York Free Trade Club (Putnams), and directed chiefly against Mr. Robert P. Porter’s letters to the Now York Tribune.— Repudiation, by George Walton Green, is a tract published by the Society for Political Education in New York.

Travel. The High Alps of New Zealand, or a Trip to the Glaciers of the Antipodes, with an ascent, of Mount. Cook, by William Spotswood Green. (Macmillan.) Mr. Green has the enthusiasm of the mountain-climber. This took him to New Zealand, and he gives an animated account of his excursions there, with incidental pictures of colonial life. — Fifth Avenue to Alaska is the work of another lover of adventure. Mr. Edward Pierrepont left Fifth Avenue the last day of May, 1883, and in four months had made a tour of between twelve and thirteen thousand miles. He kept a full note-book, and has printed it with some enlargement. It is a boyish sort of book, but we wish other boys would spend their time as sensibly. — In the Heart of Africa, by Sir Samuel W. Baker. (Funk & Wagnalls.) The author’s name is attached to the book, on the ground that he wrote the larger works from which this is condensed. There is a slight disingenuousness in the title. — The Historical Monuments of France, by James F. Hunnewell (J. R. Osgood & Co.), is notable for its intention and its illustrations rather than for its letterpress.

The House and Household Economy. My House, an Ideal, by Oliver B. Bunce (Scribners): an agreeable little book, in which a man who has seen many houses, and has not lost his reason, draws off upon paper his views as to the house he would build for himself. As he is a sensible man, open to impressions of beauty, but not carried away by the latest craze into whimsical not ions, he succeeds in suggesting a very reasonable house, both without and within, — Virginia Cookery-Book, compiled by May Stuart Smith, professes to contain recipes drawn from the experience of old Virginia housekeepers; and tradition makes Virginia the aunt of the family of States as well as the mother of Presidents. (Harper’s Franklin Square Library.)—The FrancoAmerican Cookery-Book, by Felix I. Déliée (Putnams), is a complete kitchen library in itself. The volume contains upwards of two thousand receipts, and gives an admirably arranged menu for each day in the year. The work has been prepared with great care anda thorough knowledge of the subject. Mr. Déliée has long been known as an experienced che f and caterer.

Literary History and Criticism. The Goethe Jahrbuch, published in Frankfurt by Rütten & Loening, contains a translation into German of a paper by Horatio S. White, on Goethe in America, which gives a summary of Goethean scholarship here, — Dr. Anton Schönbach sends us from the University at Graz his Beiträge zur Charakteristik Nathaniel Hawthorne’s.—Mr. S. E. Dawson’s A Study, with Critical and Explanatory Notes of The Princess, has passed to a second edition (Dawson Brothers, Montreal), which has an added value in containing a letter from Tennyson, which takes up several points discussed by Mr. Dawson. The Study is not so scientific as Mr. Genung’s Study of In Memoriam, but it will interest many students. —A Printer’s Hints to Authors is the title of a little book in boards, sent out from the Riverside Press, and designed for authors who are about to print. It conveys in a delicate and considerate way hints with regard to the preparation of copy, and the politeness of the little book ought to turn away a great deal of wrath. — Essays and Leaves from a Note Book by George Eliot. (Harpers.) The essays are chiefly on literary topics, and the notes have a reflective turn by an author upon her vocation. The book served its end in its original form of contributions to magazines, but it is doubtful if it will now gain many readers, even from the admirers of George Eliot.— In the English Men of Letters series (Harpers), R. W. Church contributes the volume devoted to Bacon. He sums up well the great offense of Bacon in the words, “ It was the power of custom over a character naturally and by habit too pliant to circumstances.”—Ralph Waldo Emerson, a paper read before the New York Genealogical and Biographical Society, with Afterthoughts, by William Hague, D. D. (Putnams.) Dr. Hague gives personal reminiscences, and also makes an examination of the general drift of Emerson’s philosophy, which he pronounces in its issue anti-Christian. — The fifth and sixth volumes of Bryant’s complete works (D. Appleton & Co.) contain his literary, biographical, and descriptive essays, and his sketches of travel at home and abroad. Though Bryant was the master of a singularly clear and compact prose style, it is his poetry that will give him his rank in American Literature. The admirable Life of Bryant, by Parke Godwin, which occupied the first two volumes of this edition, was reviewed in The Atlantic for September, 1883.

Theology. Sermons to the Spiritual Man, by W. G. T. Shedd. (Scribners.) The work is a complement to the author’s sermons to the natural man. The difficulty which some readers will find lies in the separation of the two bodies of hearers. There is a spiritual man aud there is a natural man, but is he necessarily two citizens ? - I be interesting and suggestive Teaching of the Twelve Apostles has been printed in a neat pamphlet, the Greek text and English translation being accompanied by very brief introduction and notes by Professors Hitchcock and Brown. (Scribners.) — The Clew of the Maze and The Spare Half Hour, by Rev. Charles H. Spurgeon. (Funk & Wagnalls.) The former part of the work is a rhetorical plea for faith as a guide in life ; the latter part is made up of incidents and reflections of a homely sort relating to the religious life.