How can you measure hostility toward a religious group? It's one thing if governments ban people from worshipping or arrest those who won't denounce their faith; that kind of discrimination is easy to track and define. But it's more difficult to put numbers to general feelings of ill-will—the sense that you're not welcome here.
That, however, is exactly what Pew Research Center has done. In a new report, researchers coded information from news outlets, government reports, and questionnaires to measure the level of hostility expressed toward religious groups by governments and communities around the world.
What they found is not welcome news for Jews. Last year, Jews were harassed by governments or members of their communities in 77 out of the 198 countries and territories included in the study, or 39 percent. That represents a sharp increase over the last seven years.
Percentage of Countries Where Jews Were Harassed
The level of discrimination was most stark in Europe. Jews experienced harassment in 34 of the region's 45 countries, or 76 percent—by comparison, members of the group were only harassed in 25 percent of countries in the rest of the world. Muslims also experienced widespread harassment in Europe, with incidents happening in 32 out of 45 countries, or 71 percent—in the rest of the world, this only happened in 34 percent of countries.