Okay, the questions:
1) Does the right to self-defense under international law entitle a state to kill people in another state without its permission, if the target is an armed group that poses a direct and immediate threat of attack, but has no connection to its host state? If so, what conditions must be present to justify such an attack? Does it arise when the host state is judged unable or unwilling to prevent the threat from materializing?
2) Is the principle of self-defense "confined to situations in which an armed attack has already taken place," or does it entitle a state to act preemptively on the territory of another state "where it judges that there is an imminent risk of attack to its own interests?" And if so, how is the standard of imminence to be defined?
3) International law decides whether or not a state of "non-international armed conflict" has come into existence based in part on the intensity of hostilities. Does this test "require an assessment of the severity and frequency of armed attacks occurring within defined geographical boundaries?" When applying the test, "is it legitimate to aggregate armed attacks occurring in geographically diverse locations in order to determine whether, taken as a whole, they cross the intensity threshold?" If a state can be engaged in a non-international armed conflict with a non-state armed group that operates transnationally, does that mean a non-international armed conflict can exist without finite boundaries?
4) Does humanitarian law permit targeting people "directly participating in hostilities who are located in a non-belligerent state," and if so, "in what circumstances?"
5) Are al-Qaeda attacks still organized, intense, and coordinated enough to qualify the fight against it as "a single state of armed conflict without finite and defined geographical boundaries?"
6) Has the Red Cross adopted the right standard for determining when a person is a member of an armed group who may be targeted at any time with lethal force?
7) Where should the boundaries be drawn between combatants and non-combatant civilians? "Does providing accommodation, food, financing, recruitment or logistical support amount to 'direct participation in hostilities' for targeting purposes?" Does a person who engages in an armed attack stop being a legitimate target if there is a pause in his or her active involvement in these operations?
8) When must a legitimate military target be captured rather than killed?
There is an urgent need for states to reach consensus on these issues, the report argues. But the United States will not even clarify where it stands on many of them, in part because it would never want other countries to behave as we're behaving.