Public statements from China's cybersecurity experts also call for a version of international cooperation, but lament accusations that China is behind cyberattacks
A Chinese flag waves in front of the Google logo in Beijing / Reuters
People's Tribune Magazine (人 民论坛杂志) has a collection of twelve articles on cyberspace and cyber conflict by Chinese analysts at think tanks and academic institutes. All of the articles are worth glancing at, but four--"A Sovereign Country Must Have Strong Defense" by Min Dahong, director of the Network and Digital Media Research Office at the China Academy of Social Sciences; "America's 'Pandora's Box' Cyber Strategy Confuses the World" by Shen Yi from Fudan University's Department of International Politics; "Cyber Power 'Shuffles the Cards': How China Can Overtake the Competition" by Tang Lan, assistant director of the Institute of Information and Social Development Studies at the China Institute of Contemporary International Relations; and "How to Construct China's Cyber Defenses" by Liu Zengliang, from the PLA National Defense University--do a particularly good job of illustrating what some Chinese analysts are saying about U.S.-China relations in cyberspace. The picture is not pretty. All see cyberspace as an emerging, critical area of competition and are notably pessimistic about the future. Conflict seems almost inevitable.
Reading the essays, it is clear that Chinese analysts believe the United States is ahead in the competition. U.S. strengths include "core technology, experts, high military expenditures, and an integrated command system." In contrast to the perception in the West that China possesses a comprehensive strategy uniting the diplomatic, military, and technological components of cyber, these analysts are not impressed. Beijing is said to lack a coherent vision of what it wants to accomplish.
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The analysts tend to point to China as a victim--victim of cyberattacks and of pernicious claims from other countries that China could be behind any of the widely reported attacks on embassies, international organizations, government agencies, or companies. Blaming the attacks on Mitsubishi Heavy on Chinese hackers? Clearly evidence of Cold War thinking and of Western countries' concern over and distrust of China's rise.