In 1914, Sir Ernest Shackleton assembled a crew for his ship, the Endurance, and attempted to cross the Antarctic continent by passing through the South Pole. He brought along with him a color photographer, Australian Frank Hurley, who documented the ambitious expedition even as it took a near-disastrous turn in 1915 when the ship became "inexorably trapped" in the ice shelf.
Hurley detailed the ship's plight at first with his color photography, and then with a black-and-white Vest Pocket camera. Their story is immortalized in the State Library of New South Wales, along with a Hurley's collection of color photographs. Those pictures were noted by NPR as "one of the earliest forms of color photography." The Endurance's crew were eventually rescued in 1916.