Via NASA's International Space Station:
Nepal claims most of the Himalaya mountain range. According to archaeological evidence, Nepal's capital, Kathmandu, and its nearby sister cities, Lalitpur and Bhaktapur, show signs of human development dating back 2,000 years. Between 2.8 million and 10,000 years ago, the Kathmandu valley was covered by a lake. Later, it drained in part because of tectonic uplift and faulting, which led to mountain building.
Elizabeth Weingarten is the director of the Global Gender Parity Initiative at the New America Foundation. She was previously an editorial assistant at Slate and an editorial fellow at The Atlantic.