by Patrick Appel
A reader writes:
This reader seems to confuse the terms bourgeoisie and middle class. Regardless of the origins of middle class, it's not used in a modern sense as a synonym for bourgeois. Even in a strictly Marxist use, the equivalent would be petite bourgeoisie, not the ruling capitalist class. And it wasn't often that even the haute bourgeoisie out-earned the aristocracy, but rather a trend from the rise of mercantilism and the industrial revolution that eventually toppled the system of formal nobility as the primary factor in social class.
We want to hear what you think about this article. Submit a letter to the editor or write to firstname.lastname@example.org.